S. Glamhoth coll. “Orcs, (lit.) Din-horde, Host of Tumult”

S. Glamhoth, coll. “Orcs, (lit.) Din-horde, Host of Tumult”

A collective term for Orcs, translated “din-horde” or “host(s) of tumult” (UT/54, MR/109, PE17/39). This name is combination of glam “din, uproar” and hoth “host, horde” (WJ/391, SA/hoth). This term was sufficiently common that it was generalized into another word for Orc: glamog (WJ/391).

Conceptual Development: The term G. Glamhoth was used for Orcs in the earliest Lost Tales (LT2/160), but at this early stage was translated “People of Dreadful Hate” with its initial element being G. glâm “hate” (GL/39). In The Etymologies from the 1930s, Tolkien revised the derivation of N. Glamhoth so that its initial element was N. glamm “shouting, confused noise; barbarous speech” (Ety/GLAM), and the term retained essentially the same derivation in later writings.

References ✧ MR/109, 195; MRI; PE17/39; SA/hoth; UT/39, 54; UTI; WJ/391; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Elements

glam “din, uproar, the confused yelling and bellowing of beasts” ✧ WJ/391
hoth “host, horde” ✧ PE17/39; SA/hoth
glamog “orc” plural ✧ WJI/Glamhoth (Glam)

Element In


N. Glamhoth coll. “Orcs, (lit.) Barbariac Host”

See S. Glamhoth for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/GLAM, KHOTH, ÑGAL; LR/233; LRI; PE21/57; SM/82; SMI

Glosses

Elements

glamm “shouting, confused noise; barbarous speech” ✧ Ety/GLAM; Ety/ÑGAL
hoth “host, crowd; group plural” ✧ Ety/KHOTH
ᴹ√KHOTH “gather” ✧ Ety/GLAM

Element In


ᴱN. Glamhoth coll. “People of Hate”

See S. Glamhoth for discussion.

References ✧ LB/16; LBI; SM/12

Glosses


G. Glamhoth coll. “People of (Dreadful) Hate”

See S. Glamhoth for discussion.

References ✧ GL/39; LT2/160; LT2A/Glamhoth; LT2I; PE13/102; PE15/25; QL/85

Glosses

Variations

Related

Elements

glâm “hatred, loathing, fierce hate” ✧ GL/39; LT2A/Glamhoth; PE13/102 (glam); PE15/25 (Glam)
hoth “folk, people, †army” ✧ LT2A/Glamhoth; PE13/102