Ilk. [g]

Ilk. [g]

The voiced velar stop survived initially from Primitive Elvish into Ilkorin (PE19/18), and it also developed from primitive initial [ɣ] and [ŋ] as well as before primitive initial [w] (PE19/19). Medially after vowels it became [ɣ] and then vanished (PE19/23). Later, however, a [g] developed from primitive [k] after a vowel (PE19/23) and it was also preserved in medial clusters after a consonant, and so [g] could appear anywhere in an Ilkorin word.

References ✧ PE18/105; PE19/18-21, 23


Element In

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶ŋj- > g- [ŋj-] > [gj-] > [g-] ✧ PE19/19
ᴹ✶ŋgj- > g, ng [ŋgj-] > [ŋg-] > [g-] ✧ PE19/20
ᴹ✶-kw- > -g(w)- [-kw-] > [-gw-] > [-g-] ✧ PE19/23

Phonetic Development

Ilk. [no change] g < g ✧ PE18/105 (g > g); PE18/105 (gw > gw); PE19/18 (g- > g-); PE19/18 (gw- > gw-); PE19/21 (gr- > gr-); PE19/21 (gl- > gl-)
Ilk. initial [ŋ], [ɣ] became [g] g- < ŋ- ✧ PE18/105 (ñ > ñg > g); PE18/105 (ñw > ñgw > gw); PE19/19 (ŋ- > g-); PE19/19 (ŋw- > gw-)
Ilk. initial [ŋ], [ɣ] became [g] g- < ɣ- ✧ PE19/19 (ʒ- > g-)
Ilk. [j] was lost after initial velars and dentals g- < gj- ✧ PE18/105 (ñy > ñg(y) > g); PE18/105 (gy > g); PE18/105 (ñgy > g); PE19/18 (gj- > g-)
Ilk. initial [w] became [gw] gw- < w- ✧ PE19/19 (w- > gw-)
Ilk. voiceless stops voiced after vowels Vg < Vk ✧ PE19/23 (-k- > -g-)
Ilk. initial nasals usually vanished before stops g- < ŋg- ✧ PE18/105 (ñg > g); PE18/105 (ñgw > gw); PE19/20 (ŋg- > g, ng); PE19/20 (ŋgw- > gw, ngw)