Q. enderi coll. “middle-days”

Q. enderi, coll. “middle-days”

The name used for leap-days added to the various calendar systems of Middle-earth (LotR/1108, 1112). It is a compound of endë “middle” and the suffixal form -re of “day”: *enderë “middle-day” pluralized to enderi.

Conceptual Development: In the 1st edition of The Lord of the Rings, a similar term atendëa was used.

References ✧ LotR/1108, 1112




endë “centre, middle”
“day (period from sunset to sunset)” plural suffix

Q. atendëa pn. “double-middle”

The name of the leap-days used to adjust the Númenórean calendar in the 1st edition of The Lord of the Rings (RC/728). It is a combination of at(a)- “double”, endë “middle” and the adjective suffix -a. In the 2nd edition, the name was changed to the enderi (LotR/1108).

Reference ✧ RC/728 ✧ “double-middle”


at(a)- “double, second time” ✧ RC/728 (#at-)
#endëa “middle” ✧ RC/728 (#endëa)

ᴹQ. Endien pn. “Midyear (week)”

A Mid-year week of holidays appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s as a compound of ende “middle” and yén “year” (Ety/LEP, YEN). It also appeared in the early drafts of the Lord of the Rings appendices as an alternate name for Autumn (PM/135).

See Q. enderi for further discussion.

References ✧ Ety/LEP, YEN; PM/135



ende “centre, middle, core”
yén “year” ✧ Ety/YEN
ᴹ√(E)NED “centre, middle” ✧ Ety/YEN (ÉNED)


ᴱQ. austalende n. “mid-summer’s day” (Category: Summer)

References ✧ PME/33; QL/33



austa “(high) summer” ✧ QL/33
kalende “festival, a special day”


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶austakalende > austalende [austakalende] ? [austalende] ✧ QL/33