North S. Celegorm m. “Hasty-riser”
Third son of Fëanor (S/60), his name was adapted from his mother-name Q. Tyelcormo “Hasty-riser” (PM/353). His name was in the North Sindarin dialect, since the final [m] was preserved (VT41/10). It is a compound of S. celeg “hasty” and an adaptation of Q. ormo “riser”.
Conceptual Development: In earliest Lost Tales, his name was G. Celegorm (LT2/241). In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, the name was changed to N. Celegorn (LR/226 note §41), in keeping with the revised phonology of Noldorin for which final [m] usually became [v]. In The Etymologies, the name was given as a combination of N. celeg “swift” and the lenited form of N. gorn “impetuous” (Ety/KYELEK, GOR).
In his Words, Phrases and Passages from the Lord of the Rings, Tolkien considered connecting the -gorn in Celegorn with the final element of Aragorn, but was generally dissatisfied with the meaning of the name (PE17/112-3). The form Celegorm was restored in Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (MR/177) and Tolkien devised the “North Sindarin” explanation of his name in The Shibboleth of Fëanor from 1968, as noted above (PM/353).
References ✧ MRI; PE17/112-113; PM/352; PMI; SI; TII/Celegorn; UTI; VT41/10; WJ/130; WJI
|S. celeg||“*hasty”||✧ VT41/10|
|✶ornā||“uprising, tall”||✧ PE17/113 (-orna)|
N. Celegorn m. “*Swift-impetuous”
References ✧ Ety/GOR, KYELEK; EtyAC/KYELEK; LR/119, 145, 289; LRI/Celegorm; MRI/Celegorm; PE22/34, 41; PMI/Celegorm; SM/120; SMI/Celegorm; TII; WJ/130
|celeg||“swift, agile”||✧ Ety/KYELEK|
|ᴹ√KYELEK||“swift, agile”||✧ Ety/GOR|
|ᴹ√GOR||“violence, impetus, haste”||✧ Ety/KYELEK|
ᴱN. Celegorm m.
References ✧ LBI; LR/119, 145, 289; LRI; SM/120; SMI