ON. [p], [t], [k] spirantalized before [s]; [ps|ts|ks] > [ɸs|θθ|xs]

ON. [p], [t], [k] spirantalized before [s]; [ps|ts|ks] > [ɸs|θθ|xs]

References ✧ PE22/27-28

Order (04400)

After 03900 final [e] became [a] after single [s] and [st] ᴹ✶peltakse > ON. pelthaksa Ety/PEL

Related

Phonetic Rule Elements

[ps] > [ɸs]
[ks] > [xs]
[ts] > [θθ]

Phonetic Rule Examples

karaksa > karaxsa ks > xs ᴹ√KÁRAK > N. #charaes ✧ Ety/KARAK
loksa > loxsa ks > xs ᴹ√LOKH > N. lhaws ✧ Ety/LOKH
naksa > naxsa ks > xs ᴹ✶nakse > N. naes ✧ EtyAC/NAK
pelθaksa > pelθaxsa ks > xs ON. pelthaksa > N. pelthaes ✧ Ety/PEL
taksa > taxsa ks > xs ᴹ✶taksē > N. taes ✧ Ety/TAK
apsa > aɸsa ps > ɸs ᴹ√AP > N. aes ✧ Ety/AP
lapsa > laɸsa ps > ɸs ᴹ√LAP > N. lhaes ✧ Ety/LAP
tupsa > tuɸsa ps > ɸs ᴹ✶tupsē > N. taus ✧ Ety/TUP
etsiri > eθθiri ts > θθ ᴹ✶etsiri > N. ethir ✧ Ety/ET
j̊atsela > j̊aθθela ts > θθ ᴹ✶syatsē̆la > N. hathel ✧ Ety/SYAD
kotsa > koθθa ts > θθ ᴹ✶kotse > N. coth ✧ EtyAC/KOT
litse > liθθe ts > θθ ᴹ✶litse > ON. litthe ✧ Ety/LIT
n̥atsa > n̥aθθa ts > θθ ᴹ√SNAT > N. naith ✧ Ety/SNAS
natse > naθθe ts > θθ ᴹ√NAT > N. nath ✧ Ety/NAT
nitse > niθθe ts > θθ ON. nitse > N. nĭth ✧ PE22/37
xotse > xoθθe ts > θθ ᴹ✶khotsē > N. hoth ✧ Ety/KHOTH

G. [p], [t], [k] usually spirantalized with following [s]; [{ptk}s] > [{fθx}ø]

HSG/§2.5

Order (03800)

After 03700 [ts] became [s] after long vowel

Phonetic Rule Elements

[ps] > [f]
[ts] > [θ]
[ks] > [x]
[ks] > [xs]

Phonetic Rule Examples

aksa > acha ks > x ᴱ√aksa > G. acha ✧ GL/17
gaks > gaxs ks > xs ᴱ✶ı̯aksĕ > G. gais ✧ GL/37
gets > geθ ts > θ #ᴱ√ʒet- > G. geth ✧ GL/43

G. [ts] became [s] after long vowel; [VVts] > [VVs]

Reference ✧ GL/43 ✧ phonetics for example: gwais < ᴱ✶ŋuaʒet-

Order (03700)

Before 03800 [p], [t], [k] usually spirantalized with following [s]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[VVts] > [VVs]
[wets] > [wess]

Phonetic Rule Examples

gʷaɣets > gʷaɣes VVts > VVs ᴱ✶ŋuaʒet- > G. gwais ✧ GL/43
kʷets > kʷess wets > wess ᴱ√QETE > G. cwess ✧ LT2A/Tôn a Gwedrin