S. Caranthir m. “Red-face”

S. Caranthir, m. “Red-face”

Fourth son of Fëanor, called “the Dark” (S/60). His name is a combination of caran “red” and thîr “face” (VT41/10), an adaptation of his mother name Q. Carnistir “Red-face” (PM/353).

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, his name was G. Cranthor (LT2/241). Tolkien change his name to Cranthir in the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s (LB/80) and this was also his name in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/223). N. Cranthir appeared in The Etymologies with the translation “Ruddy-face” (Ety/KARÁN, THĒ), already with essentially the same etymology as its final version.

In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien vacillated between Cranthir and Caranthir, ultimately settling on the latter (WJ/115).

References ✧ MR/128; MRI; PM/353; PMI; SA/caran; SI; SMI/Caranthir, Cranthir; VT41/10; WJ/115; WJI

Variations

Related

Changes

Elements

caran “red” ✧ SA/caran; VT41/10
thîr “face” ✧ VT41/10 (þîr)

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


N. Cranthir m. “Ruddy-face”

See S. Caranthir for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KARÁN, THĒ; LR/265; LRI; LT2I/Cranthor; MRI/Caranthir; RSI; SMI/Caranthir, Cranthir; WJI/Caranthir

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Inflections

Granthir soft-mutation; c-mutation ✧ LR/265

Elements

crann “ruddy (of face); face, blush, the cheeks” ✧ Ety/KARÁN
thîr “look, face, expression, countenance” ✧ Ety/THĒ
ᴹ√THĒ “look (see or seem)” ✧ Ety/KARÁN
ᴹ√KARAN “red” ✧ Ety/THĒ (KARÁN)

Element In


G. Cranthor m.

References ✧ LB/80; LBI/Cranthir; LT2I

Variations

Changes

Elements

ᴱN. cranthir “perfect”