S. Caranthir m. “Red-face”
Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, his name was G. Cranthor (LT2/241). Tolkien change his name to Cranthir in the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s (LB/80) and this was also his name in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/223). N. Cranthir appeared in The Etymologies with the translation “Ruddy-face” (Ety/KARÁN, THĒ), already with essentially the same etymology as its final version.
In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien vacillated between Cranthir and Caranthir, ultimately settling on the latter (WJ/115).
References ✧ MR/128; MRI; PM/353; PMI; SA/caran; SI; SMI/Caranthir, Cranthir; VT41/10; WJ/115; WJI
|caran||“red”||✧ SA/caran; VT41/10|
|thîr||“face”||✧ VT41/10 (þîr)|
N. Cranthir m. “Ruddy-face”
References ✧ Ety/KARÁN, THĒ; LR/265; LRI; LT2I/Cranthor; MRI/Caranthir; RSI; SMI/Caranthir, Cranthir; WJI/Caranthir
|Granthir||soft-mutation; c-mutation||✧ LR/265|
|crann||“ruddy (of face); face, blush, the cheeks”||✧ Ety/KARÁN|
|thîr||“look, face, expression, countenance”||✧ Ety/THĒ|
|ᴹ√THĒ||“look (see or seem)”||✧ Ety/KARÁN|
|ᴹ√KARAN||“red”||✧ Ety/THĒ (KARÁN)|