S. Ras-Arphain loc.

S. Ras-Arphain, loc.

A Sindarin name for Q. Taniquetil, equivalent to Q. Arfanyarassë (WJ/403). It appears to be a combination of rass “horn”, ar(a)- “high” and fain “white and shining (thing)”.

Conceptual Development: The earliest precursor of this name was G. Danigwethil, the Gnomish cognate of ᴱQ. Taniqetil in the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s (GL/29). This version of the name seems to be a combination of “high” and nigweth “(snow) storm”, as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Taniquetil). This name had numerous variants, and evolved into ᴱN. Taingwethil in the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s (LB/49, 135). A similar name TainBethil appeared in Early Noldorin notes from the same period as a combination of ᴱN. tain¹ “mountain” and ᴱN. pethil (PE13/152); the later word was unglossed but was probably equivalent to the -qetil in ᴱQ. Taniqetil.

Starting with Tolkien’s writings in the 1930s, the usual Noldorin/Sindarin name for this mountain was Amon Uilos, cognate to its other Quenya name Oiolossë. He gave a few other Noldorin/Sindarin names, but none were direct cognates of Q. Taniquetil. In The Etymologies from the 1930s, he gave N. Nimdildor “High White Horn” derived from ᴹ✶Ninkwitil(di) Tára, a combination of nimdil “white horn” and taur² “high” (Ety/NIK-W, TĀ). In the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 he gave the Sindarin form Ras-Arphain noted above (WJ/403).

References ✧ WJ/403; WJI

Related

Elements

rass “horn”
ar(a)- “noble, royal, high”
fain “white, shimmering, shining; dim, dimmed; filmy, fine-woven; (vague) apparition; cloud” plural

Cognates


N. Nimdildor loc. “High White Horn”

See S. Ras-Arphain for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/NIK-W, TĀ

Glosses

Variations

Elements

nimdil “white horn” ✧ Ety/TĀ
taur² “vast, mighty, overwhelming, awful, huge; high, sublime” soft-mutation ✧ Ety/TĀ (dor)

Cognates

Derivations


ᴱN. Taingwethil loc.

See S. Ras-Arphain for discussion.

References ✧ LB/22, 49, 79, 135; LBI/Tain-gwethil, Tengwethil; PE13/152; SM/12, 80; SMI

Variations

Changes

Elements

tain¹ “mountain” ✧ PE13/152
pethil “[unglossed]” ✧ PE13/152

Cognates


G. Danigwethil loc.

See S. Ras-Arphain for discussion.

References ✧ GL/29; LB/22; LBI; LT1A/Taniquetil; LT2A/Danigwiel; LT2I/Danigwiel; PE13/103, 112; PE15/22

Variations

Changes

Elements

“high” ✧ GL/29; LT1A/Taniquetil
nigweth “(snow) storm” ✧ LT1A/Taniquetil

Cognates