S. Amras m. “Top-russet”

S. Amras, m. “Top-russet”

Twin brother of Amrod and second(?) youngest of the sons of Fëanor (it is unclear which of the twins was born first). The name is a compound of am “up” and ross² “red-haired” (PM/353, VT41/10), an adaption of his Quenya nickname Q. Ambarussa. In a few places the name appears as Amros (PM/366, VT41/10), closer to its Sindarin elements.

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, this character was first named G. Dinithel (LT2/251), revised in the Lays of Beleriand to ᴱN. Durithel, then ᴱN. Díriel (LB/86). The name remained N. Díriel in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, and the form Diriel (with a short i) appeared in The Etymologies (Ety/DER, GYEL). The name was revised to Amras in Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (WJ/197).

References ✧ LT2/251; LT2I; MRI/Amrod; PM/353, 366; PMI/Ambarussa, Amras, Amros; SI; SMI/Amras, Díriel; VT41/10; WJ/197; WJI




#am “up”
ross² “red-haired, copper-coloured”


N. Díriel m.

Earlier name for Amras appearing in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/15, LR/223). The form Diriel (with a short i) appeared in The Etymologies as a derivative of ON. Dirghel (Ety/DER, GYEL), perhaps meaning “*Man-joy”.

See S. Amras for further discussion.

References ✧ Ety/DER, GYEL; LRI; LT2/251; LT2I/Amras, Díriel; MRI/Amrod, Damrod; SMI/Amras, Díriel; WJ/197; WJI; WR/161; WRI




dîr “man, adult male; agental suffix” ✧ Ety/DER
ᴹ√(N)DER “adult male, man; bridegroom” ✧ Ety/GYEL (DER)
ᴹ√GYEL “*cry of joy or triumph” ✧ Ety/GYEL


Phonetic Developments

ON. Dirghel > Diriel [dirgel] > [dirɣel] > [diriel] ✧ Ety/DER

ᴱN. Díriel m.

References ✧ LBI/Dinithel, Díriel


G. Dinithel m.

References ✧ LBI; LT2/251; LT2I/Dinithel, Díriel