Ad. bawîba dulgî “winds (were) black”

Ad. bawîba dulgî “winds (were) black”

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The 7th phrase of the Lament of Akallabêth (SD/247). The subject bawîba is the subjective plural of #bawab “wind”. There is no verb, so the subjective here functions as the to-be verb “were”, as discussed on SD/429. The adjective dulgî is the plural of dulgu “black”, agreeing in number with the subject.

This sentence did not appear at all in the first draft. In the second draft of the Lament, it was simply the noun phrase dulgu bawīb “*black wind” rather than a full sentence (SD/312). Curiously, the adjective in the second draft did not agree in number with the noun it modified.

References ✧ SD/247, 312; VT24/12





#bawab “wind” plural subjective ✧ SD/247 (bawība); SD/312 (bawīb)
dulgu “black, dark” plural ✧ SD/247 (dulgī); SD/312

Element In