S. Moria loc. “Black Chasm, Black Pit”
Sindarin name for Khazad-dûm after the Dwarves were driven out by the Balrog, translated “Black Pit” (LotR/283, PE17/35) or “Black Chasm” (Let/382, PE17/40). It is a combination of morn “black” and iâ “chasm, pit” (PE17/35; SA/mor, iâ).
Conceptual Development: In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, this name first appeared as N. Moria “Black Gulf” (RS/429). Its translation was later revised to “Black Pit” (TI/166). It also appeared in The Etymologies with essentially the same derivation as given above (Ety/YAG).
References ✧ LBI; Let/178, 382, 384; LotR/283, 305; LotRI; LRI; LT2I; PE17/35, 40; PM/45; PMI/Dwarrowdelf, Moria; SA/iâ, mor; SI; UTI; WJI
|morn||“black, dark; night”||✧ PE17/35 (mor(n)-)|
|iâ||“chasm, pit; void, abyss”||✧ Let/383; PE17/35; SA/iâ|
|√MOR||“black, dark, darkness”||✧ Let/382; Let/384; SA/mor|
N. Moria loc. “Black Gulf”
References ✧ Ety/YAG; RS/429, 437; RSI; SDI1/Moria; TI/166, 182; TII; WRI
|Vória||soft-mutation; m-mutation||✧ TI/182|
|ia||“gulf”||✧ Ety/YAG; RS/437|