N. initial [x] became [h]; [x-] > [h-]

N. initial [x] became [h]; [x-] > [h-]
GS/§4.130 @@@

Reference ✧ PE22/25 ✧ phonetics

Order (03500)

After 00600 initial [s] vanished before spirants ON. skhalla > N. hall Ety/SKAL¹
Before 05100 [mb], [nd] became [mm], [nn] ᴹ√KHAN > hand > N. hann Ety/KHAN

Phonetic Rule Elements

[x-] > [h-] ✧ PE19/21 (χ- > h-); PE19/21 (khl- > lh-)

Phonetic Rule Examples

xab- > hab- x- > h- ᴹ√KHAP > N. hab- ✧ Ety/KHAP
xabad > habad x- > h- ON. skhapa > N. habad ✧ Ety/SKYAP
xad- > had- x- > h- ᴹ√KHAT > N. had- ✧ Ety/KHAT
xadlaθθ > hadlaθθ x- > h- ᴹ√KHAT > hadlath > N. haglath ✧ Ety/KHAT
xadlaθθ > hadlaθθ x- > h- ᴹ√LATH/LAT > hadlath > N. haglath ✧ Ety/LATH
xadr > hadr x- > h- ᴹ√KHAT > N. hador ✧ Ety/KHAT
xað- > hað- x- > h- ᴹ√KHAD > N. hað- ✧ EtyAC/KHAM
xað > hað x- > h- ᴹ✶syadā > N. †hâð ✧ Ety/SYAD
xaem > haem x- > h- ᴹ✶khaimē > N. haew ✧ Ety/KHIM
xal- > hal- x- > h- ᴹ√KHAL² > N. heli ✧ EtyAC/KHAL²
xal > hal x- > h- ᴹ✶khala > N. hâl ✧ EtyAC/KHAL¹
xalaθθ > halaθθ x- > h- ᴹ√SKAL > N. ?halath ✧ EtyAC/SKEL
xall > hall x- > h- ON. skhalla > N. hall ✧ Ety/SKAL¹
xall > hall x- > h- ON. khalla > N. hall ✧ Ety/KHAL²
xall > hall x- > h- ON. skhalla > N. hall ✧ EtyAC/SKEL
xalm > halm x- > h- ᴹ✶syalmā > N. half ✧ Ety/SYAL
xalθa- > halθa- x- > h- ON. skhalia- > N. haltha- ✧ Ety/SKAL¹
xalθa- > halθa- x- > h- ON. skhalta- > N. haltha ✧ EtyAC/SKEL
xam- > ham- x- > h- ᴹ√KHAM > N. haf- ✧ EtyAC/KHAM
xamma- > hamma- x- > h- ᴹ√KHAP > N. hamma- ✧ Ety/KHAP
xammad > hammad x- > h- ᴹ√KHAP > N. hammad ✧ Ety/KHAP
xamp > hamp x- > h- ᴹ√KHAP > N. hamp ✧ Ety/KHAP
xand > hand x- > h- ᴹ√KHAD > N. ?hand ✧ EtyAC/KHAM
xand > hand x- > h- ᴹ√KHAN > hand > N. hann ✧ Ety/KHAN
xanw > hanw x- > h- ᴹ✶hamwa > N. ham/hanw ✧ EtyAC/KHAM
xarad > harad x- > h- ᴹ√KHYAR > N. harad ✧ Ety/KHYAR
xarð > harð x- > h- ᴹ√KHAR > N. harð ✧ EtyAC/KHAR
xarmen > harmen x- > h- ᴹ√KHYAR > N. harfen ✧ EtyAC/KHYAR
xarn > harn x- > h- ᴹ√KHYAR > N. harn ✧ Ety/KHYAR
xarn > harn x- > h- ᴹ✶skarnā > N. harn ✧ Ety/SKAR
xarn > harn x- > h- ᴹ√KHAR > N. harn ✧ EtyAC/KHAR
xarna- > harna- x- > h- ᴹ√SKAR > N. harno ✧ Ety/SKAR
xarw > harw x- > h- ᴹ✶skarwē > N. harw ✧ Ety/SKAR
xast > hast x- > h- ᴹ✶syad-ta > N. hast ✧ Ety/SYAD
xaθθel > haθθel x- > h- ᴹ✶syatsē̆la > N. hathel ✧ Ety/SYAD
xauð > hauð x- > h- ᴹ✶khagda > N. hauð ✧ Ety/KHAG
xaust > haust x- > h- ᴹ✶khau̯-stā > N. haust ✧ Ety/KHAW
xeir > heir x- > h- ᴹ√KHYAR > N. heir ✧ Ety/KHYAR
xelaθθ > helaθθ x- > h- ᴹ√SKEL > N. helath ✧ EtyAC/SKEL
xeledir > heledir x- > h- ᴹ√KHAL¹ > N. heledir ✧ Ety/KHAL¹
xeledir > heledir x- > h- ᴹ√SKAL² > N. heledir ✧ Ety/SKAL²
xeledirn > heledirn x- > h- ᴹ✶khalatirnō̆ > N. heledirn ✧ Ety/TIR
xeleð > heleð x- > h- Kh. kheled > S. heleð ✧ PE17/37
xeleg > heleg x- > h- ᴹ√KHELEK > N. heleg ✧ Ety/KHEL
xeleh > heleh x- > h- ON. kheleha > N. hele ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
xeleθθ > heleθθ x- > h- ᴹ√SKEL > N. heleth ✧ Ety/SKEL
xell > hell x- > h- ON. skhella > N. hell ✧ Ety/SKEL
xell > hell x- > h- ᴹ√KHEL > N. hell ✧ Ety/KHEL
xelm > helm x- > h- ᴹ✶skelmā > N. helf ✧ Ety/SKEL
xelθa- > helθa- x- > h- ᴹ✶skelta- > N. heltha ✧ Ety/SKEL
xelx > helx x- > h- ᴹ√KHELEK > N. helch ✧ Ety/KHEL
xen > hen x- > h- ᴹ√KHEN-D-E > N. hên ✧ Ety/KHEN-D-E
xend > hend x- > h- ᴹ√KHEN-D-E > N. henn ✧ Ety/KHEN-D-E
xenia- > henia- x- > h- ᴹ√KHAN > N. henio ✧ Ety/KHAN
xerond > herond x- > h- ᴹ√KHER > N. heron ✧ EtyAC/KHER
xerθ > herθ x- > h- ᴹ√KHER > N. herth ✧ Ety/KHER
xervenn > hervenn x- > h- ᴹ√KHER > N. hervenn ✧ Ety/KHER
xervess > hervess x- > h- ᴹ√KHER > N. hervess ✧ Ety/KHER
xeθw > heθw x- > h- ᴹ✶khithwa > N. hethw ✧ Ety/KHIS
xīm > hīm x- > h- ᴹ✶khīmā > N. hiw ✧ Ety/KHIM
ximb > himb x- > h- ᴹ√KHIM > N. him ✧ Ety/KHIM
xīr > hīr x- > h- ON. khēro > N. hîr ✧ Ety/KHER
xīril > hīril x- > h- ON. khíril > N. hiril ✧ Ety/KHER
xīθ > hīθ x- > h- ᴹ✶khīt(h)i > N. hîth ✧ Ety/KHIS
xiθw > hiθw x- > h- ᴹ✶khithme > N. hithw ✧ Ety/KHIS
xobass > hobass x- > h- ᴹ√KHOP > N. hobas ✧ Ety/KHOP
xorn > horn x- > h- ᴹ√KHOR > N. horn ✧ Ety/KHOR
xorθa- > horθa- x- > h- ᴹ√KHOR > N. hortha- ✧ Ety/KHOR
xost > host x- > h- ᴹ√KHOTH > N. host ✧ Ety/KHOTH
xoθθ > hoθθ x- > h- ᴹ✶khotsē > N. hoth ✧ Ety/KHOTH
xrass > hrass x- > h- ᴹ✶khrassē > N. rhass ✧ Ety/KHARÁS
xūb > hūb x- > h- ᴹ√KHOP > N. hûb ✧ Ety/KHOP
xūd > hūd x- > h- ᴹ√KHOTH > N. hûd ✧ Ety/KHOTH
xuɣ > huɣ x- > h- ᴹ√KHUG > N. ✧ Ety/KHUGAN
xūɣan > hūɣan x- > h- ᴹ✶khugan > N. Huan ✧ Ety/KHUGAN
xūɣor > hūɣor x- > h- ᴹ✶Khōgore > N. Huor ✧ Ety/GOR
xūl > hūl x- > h- ON. hyūle > N. hûl ✧ Ety/SIW
xūn > hūn x- > h- ᴹ√KHŌ-N > N. hûn ✧ Ety/KHŌ-N
xūr > hūr x- > h- ᴹ√KHOR > N. hûr ✧ Ety/KHOR
xœria- > hœria- x- > h- ᴹ√KHOR > hoerio > N. herio ✧ Ety/KHOR

G. initial [x] became [h]; [x-] > [h-]

HPG/§2.1

Order (03200)

After 03100 initial [sj] became [x] ᴱ✶sı̯on > χ̑on > G. ho(n) GL/49

Phonetic Rule Elements

[x-] > [h-]

Phonetic Rule Examples

xanða- > hanða- x- > h- ᴱ√χ̑ṇđ > G. †hanna- ✧ GL/48
xapax > hapax x- > h- ᴱ✶χı̯ap > G. habach ✧ GL/47
xapin > hapin x- > h- ᴱ✶χı̯ap > G. habin ✧ GL/47
xau- > hau- x- > h- ᴱ✶haw- > G. hau ✧ GL/48
xauk > hauk x- > h- #ᴱ√haw- > G. haug ✧ GL/48
xaus > haus x- > h- #ᴱ√haw- > G. haus ✧ GL/48
xel- > hel- x- > h- ᴱ√χele-k > G. hel- ✧ GL/48
xelek > helek x- > h- ᴱ√χele-k > G. heleg ✧ GL/48
xeθ > heθ x- > h- ᴱ√heth¹ > G. †heth¹ ✧ GL/48
xeθ > heθ x- > h- ᴱ√heth² > G. heth² ✧ GL/49
xeθk > heθk x- > h- ᴱ√heth² > G. hesc ✧ GL/49
xeθt > heθt x- > h- ᴱ√heth¹ > G. hest ✧ GL/48
xeθθedlon > heθθedlon x- > h- ᴱ✶heth·thed·’lon > G. hetheglon ✧ GL/49
xīl > hīl x- > h- ᴱ√χele-k > G. hîl ✧ GL/49
xilm > hilm x- > h- ᴱ√χili > G. hilm ✧ GL/49
xilθa > hilθa x- > h- ᴱ✶χilþē > G. hiltha ✧ GL/49
xon > hon x- > h- ᴱ✶sı̯on > χ̑on > G. ho(n) ✧ GL/49
xōr > hōr x- > h- ᴱ✶χou̯-ră > G. hôr ✧ GL/49
xui > hui x- > h- ᴱ✶hôwi > G. hui ✧ GL/48