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N. hûn n. “heart (physical)” (Category: Heart)

N. hûn, n. “heart (physical)” (Category: Heart)

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “heart (physical)” derived from the root ᴹ√KHŌ-N of the same meaning (Ety/KHŌ-N). This word is not used metaphorically; the metaphorical or emotional “heart” is S. gûr or ind.

Conceptual Development: The Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s had G. {hond >>} honn “heart” which Tolkien specified was “not used metaphorically, for which ilf is used” (GL/49). It was likely based on the early root ᴱ√HONO from which the Early Qenya word for “heart” was derived (QL/40). In Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s, Tolkien again had hond “heart” (PE13/147), but it was deleted and replaced by ᴱN. lhonn “heart” (PE13/149). The initial h was restored in The Etymologies of the 1930s, as noted above.

Neo-Sindarin: In Tolkien’s later writings, the primitive root for this word became √khōm (NM/176; PE19/102; PE21/71), which in Sindarin would produced *. However, I would retain the form hûn as a Sindarin-only variant; compare to the root √TAM which had a Sindarin variant √TAN.

Reference ✧ Ety/KHŌ-N ✧ “heart (physical)”

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ᴹ√KHŌ-N > hûn [kʰōn] > [kʰūn] > [xūn] > [hūn] ✧ Ety/KHŌ-N

ᴱN. lhonn n. “heart” (Category: Heart)

See N. hûn for discussion.

References ✧ PE13/147, 149, 156, 162

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lhynn plural ✧ PE13/149

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G. honn n. “heart” (Category: Heart)

See N. hûn for discussion.

References ✧ GL/49

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