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N. rhista- v. “to cut” (Category: to Cut)

⚠️N. rhista-, v. “to cut” (Category: to Cut)
ᴺS. ^rista- “to cut; to rend, rip”

A verb appearing in its (Noldorin) infinitive form N. rhisto in The Etymologies of the 1930s as a cognate to ᴹQ. rista- “cut”, both derived from the root ᴹ√RIS (Ety/RIS). In the initial version of this root’s entry it appeared as risto derived from ON. rista- “rend, rip” (Ety/RIS). The original entry was not deleted, and it is not clear if its retention was an oversight or if Tolkien intended both meanings to coexist.

Neo-Sindarin: In Noldorin, an initial r unvoiced to rh, but this was not the case in Sindarin, so its Sindarin form is probably ᴺS. rista-, as suggested in Hiswelókë’s Sindarin Dictionary (HSD). I would further assume rista- can mean any of “cut, rend, rip”.

References ✧ Ety/RIS²


rhisto infinitive “cut” ✧ Ety/RIS²



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶rista- > rhisto [rista-] > [r̥ista-] ✧ Ety/RIS²

N. rista- v. “to rend, rip” (Category: to Tear)

See N. rhista- for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/RIS¹


risto infinitive “rend, rip” ✧ Ety/RIS¹


Phonetic Developments

ON. rista- > risto [rista-] ✧ Ety/RIS¹