Q. Araman loc. “Outside Aman, *Beside Aman”

Q. Araman, loc. “Outside Aman, *Beside Aman”

A wasteland north-east of Valinor (S/80), this name is a compound of ar- “outside” and Aman. If Aman is considered to be the entire continent, Araman is still within that land, so “*Beside Aman” is another possible interpretation, albeit not one that Tolkien used.

Conceptual Development: In most of the earlier stories, this region was called Eruman, first as ᴱQ. Eruman or Erumáni “beyond the abode of the Mánir” in earliest Lost Tales (LT1/91), then as ᴹQ. Eruman in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/260, LR/236). In The Etymologies, it was derived from erume “desert” (Ety/ERE). In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien changed Eruman >> Araman (MR/123), perhaps because he decided that Eru was another name for God.

References ✧ LT1/83; LT1I; MR/123; MRI/Araman, Eruman; SA/ar, mān; SI; SMI/Araman, Eruman; WJI/Araman, Eruman

Glosses

Elements

ar- “by-, beside, near”
Aman “Blessed Realm” ✧ SA/mān
AR “beyond, further than; outside; beside, along side” ✧ SA/ar

ᴹQ. Eruman loc. “desert N.E. of Valinor”

See Q. Araman for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/ERE; LRI; MR/123; MRI; SMI/Araman, Eruman

Glosses

Related

Changes

Elements

erume “desert” ✧ Ety/ERE

ᴱQ. Eruman loc. “beyond the abode of the Mánir”

See Q. Araman for discussion.

References ✧ GL/20, 31; LBI; LT1/79, 83, 91, 131, 155; LT1A/Eruman, Neni Erúmëar; LT1I/Arvalin, Eruman; LT2I; QL/36

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Elements

ᴱ√EÐE/ESE “out” ✧ LT1A/Eruman (ERE)
máne “spirit of the air” plural ✧ LT1A/Eruman (Mánir)

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶eruᶻmāni > Erumāni [eðusmānī] > [eðusmāni] > [eðuzmāni] > [ezuzmāni] > [ezumāni] > [erumāni] ✧ QL/36