Q. Araman loc. “Outside Aman, *Beside Aman”
A wasteland north-east of Valinor (S/80), this name is a compound of ar- “outside” and Aman. If Aman is considered to be the entire continent, Araman is still within that land, so “*Beside Aman” is another possible interpretation, albeit not one that Tolkien used.
Conceptual Development: In most of the earlier stories, this region was called Eruman, first as ᴱQ. Eruman or Erumáni “beyond the abode of the Mánir” in earliest Lost Tales (LT1/91), then as ᴹQ. Eruman in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/260, LR/236). In The Etymologies, it was derived from erume “desert” (Ety/ERE). In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien changed Eruman >> Araman (MR/123), perhaps because he decided that Eru was another name for God.
References ✧ LT1/83; LT1I; MR/123; MRI/Araman, Eruman; SA/ar, mān; SI; SMI/Araman, Eruman; WJI/Araman, Eruman
|ar-||“by-, beside, near”|
|Aman||“Blessed Realm”||✧ SA/mān|
|√AR||“beyond, further than; outside; beside, along side”||✧ SA/ar|
ᴹQ. Eruman loc. “desert N.E. of Valinor”
References ✧ Ety/ERE; LRI; MR/123; MRI; SMI/Araman, Eruman
ᴱQ. Eruman loc. “beyond the abode of the Mánir”
References ✧ GL/20, 31; LBI; LT1/79, 83, 91, 131, 155; LT1A/Eruman, Neni Erúmëar; LT1I/Arvalin, Eruman; LT2I; QL/36
|ᴱ√EÐE/ESE||“out”||✧ LT1A/Eruman (ERE)|
|máne||“spirit of the air”||plural||✧ LT1A/Eruman (Mánir)|
|ᴱ✶eruᶻmāni > Erumāni||[eðusmānī] > [eðusmāni] > [eðuzmāni] > [ezuzmāni] > [ezumāni] > [erumāni]||✧ QL/36|