Q. *Ilma pn. “Starlight”

Q. *Ilma, pn. “Starlight”

An (archaic?) name for “Starlight”, it is not directly attested in Tolkien’s later writing, but appears as an element in several names (SA/ilm). It is a derivative of the root √(Ñ)GIL “shine (white)”. Elsewhere, the usual Quenya word for “starlight” is given as silmë (LotR/1123).

Conceptual Development: ᴱQ. ilma “air” appeared in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/142). The name ᴹQ. Ilma “Starlight” is directly attested in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/205), where it first appeared as Silma (SM/240). Ilma also appeared in The Etymologies as a derivative of ᴹ√GIL (Ety/GIL), which is the source of the etymology noted above.

Reference ✧ SA/ilm ✧ ilm-

Element In

Derivations


ᴹQ. Ilma pn. “Starlight”

This name first appeared in Silmarillion drafts from the early 1930s as ᴹQ. Silma >> Ilma >> Ilmen as a name for the “Place of Light”, home of the stars (SM/240-1). It reappeared in the mid-30s as a word for “Starlight” (LR/205), and also appeared in The Etymologies as a derivative of ᴹ√GIL, along side (and perhaps an element of) Ilmen “region above air where stars are” (Ety/GIL).

See Q. *Ilma for further discussion.

References ✧ Ety/GIL; LR/205; LRI/Ilma, Silma; SM/240; SMI/Ilma, Ilmen, Silma

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√GIL > Ilma [gilma] > [ɣilma] > [ilma] ✧ Ety/GIL

ᴱQ. ilma n. “air” (Category: Air, Ether)

A word for “air” in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/142), probably based on the early root ᴱ√ILU “ether”. Later ᴹQ. Ilma was used for “Starlight” (Ety/GIL; LR/205).

Reference ✧ PE16/142 ✧ “air”

Elements

ᴱ√ILU “ether, the slender airs among the stars”