S. Idril f.

S. Idril, f.

Maiden of Gondolin, beloved of Tuor and mother of Eärendil (S/126). Her name is an adaption of her Quenya name Itarillë (PM/346).

Conceptual Development: This character appeared in the earliest Lost Tales as G. Idril (LT2/164), but in this period she had a second name G. Idhril, and Tolkien vacillated between the two names throughout his life. In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, Idril was translated “Beloved”, and this was said to be her true name, but she was also known as Idhril “Mortal Maiden” because of her marriage to Tuor (GL/50). In the Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, her name appeared as N. Idril (SM/36, LR/141), but in The Etymologies it was Idhril, a derivative of ᴹ√ID “desire” (Ety/ID).

Her name was Idril in The Lord of the Rings (LotR/1034), but in his “Words, Phrases and Passages from The Lord of the Rings” from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien noted that the form should be Idhril if it were derived from the root √ID (PE17/112). At this point Tolkien devised the new derivation given above, from her Quenya name Itarillë, and this seems to have been his final word on the subject (PM/346).

References ✧ LBI; LotRI; MRI; PE17/112; PM/346, 348; PMI; SA/ril; SI; UTI; WJ/235; WJI

Variations

Changes

Elements

IT² “repeat, multiply; (great) enhancement” ✧ PE17/112 (IT)
RIL “brilliant (light), brilliance” ✧ PE17/112 (RIL); PE17/112 (RIL); PE17/112; SA/ril
ID “desire, long for” ✧ PE17/112 (ID); PE17/112

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

Itrā > idril [itril] > [idril] ✧ PE17/112

N. Idril f.

See S. Idril for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/ID, KYELEP; LRI; SDI2/Idril; SMI

Variations

Elements

ᴹ√ID “*desire, ?thought” ✧ Ety/ID
ᴹ√RIL “glitter”

Cognates


G. Idhril f. “Mortal Maiden”

See S. Idril for discussion.

References ✧ GL/50; LT2A/Idril; PE15/27

Glosses

Related

Cognates


G. Idril f. “Beloved”

References ✧ GG/11, 15; GL/50; LT2/216; LT2A/Idril; LT2I/Idril, Irildë; PE13/99, 103-104; PE15/27

Glosses

Related

Elements

idril “sweetheart” ✧ GL/50; LT2A/Cûm an-Idrisaith

Element In

Cognates

Derivations