Q. Eärendil m. “Lover of the Sea”

Q. Eärendil, m. “Lover of the Sea”

The great mariner who took the Silmaril of Beren to Valinórë, thereby instigating the Valar’s liberation of Beleriand and the final defeat of Morgoth (S/246). His name was a compound of ëar “sea” and the suffix -(n)dil “-friend, -lover” (SA/ëar, (n)dil).

Conceptual Development: This was one of the oldest and most important names in Tolkien’s legendarium. Tolkien admitted that the name was inspired by the Anglo-Saxon word éarendel “ray of light” (Let/150, 385). In fact, the first form of this name in the Lost Tales was ᴱQ. Earendel (LT1/13), often spelt Earendl in Tolkien’s early linguistic notes (QL/34, PE13/99). At this stage the name seems to derive from ᴱQ. earen (earend-) “eagle, eyrie” (QL/34), though the “dialectical form” Yarendl was archaically used for “mariner” (QL/105).

The name remained ᴹQ. Earendel in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/326) and up through Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (RS/215, TI/99, WR/223 note #29). The name’s association with the Sea did not emerge until Tolkien wrote the (unfinished) “Notion Club Papers” story in the mid-1940s, at which point its form changed to ᴹQ. Earendil (SM/237, 241) and so remained thereafter.

References ✧ LBI/Eärendel; Let/150, 282, 385-386; LotR/720; LotRI; LRI/Eärendel; LT1I/Eärendel; LT2I/Eärendel; MRI/Eärendel; PE17/19, 27, 90, 152; PM/348, 363, 373; PMI/Azrubêl, Eärendil; RGEO/65; SA/ëar, (n)dil; SI; SMI/Eärendel; TII/Eärendel; UTI; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Elements

ëar “sea, great sea” ✧ PE17/27; PM/363 (Eär); RGEO/65; SA/ëar
-(n)dil “-friend, -lover; devotion, disinterested love” ✧ PE17/152 (ndil); SA/(n)dil
GAY(AR) “awe, dread; astound, make aghast; sea” ✧ Let/386 (AYAR)
(N)DIL “to love (as a friend or equal), be devoted to” ✧ Let/386

Element In

Cognates


ᴹQ. Earendil m. “Friend of the Sea”

See Q. Eärendil for discussion.

References ✧ SD/237, 241, 305, 359; SDI2/Azrubêl, Eärendil

Glosses

Variations

Elements

ear “(open) sea; water” ✧ SD/241 (ëare); SD/305 (eäre)
ᴹ√N(D)IL “friend; love, devotion” ✧ SD/241 (ndil); SD/305 (ndil)

Cognates


ᴹQ. Earendel m.

@@@ dual and plural forms representative of nouns in the same class

See Q. Eärendil for further discussion.

References ✧ LRI/Eärendel; PE21/33-34; PE22/20, 41; PMI/Eärendil; RSI/Eärendel; SDI2/Eärendil; SMI/Eärendel; TI/102; TII/Eärendel; WJI/Eärendil; WR/223; WRI

Variations

Changes

Inflections

[Earend]ello ablative ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]illo ablative ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elullut ablative dual ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]illut ablative dual; assimilated ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]ela accusative ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]illi accusative plural ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elta allative; assimilated ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elunta allative ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]eluntau allative dual ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]iltau allative dual; assimilated ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]ilintan allative plural ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elen dative ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]illir dative plural ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elo genitive ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]ilion genitive plural ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]illion genitive plural ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]ilmen instrumental ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elúment instrumental dual; prosodic-lengthening ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]ilmet instrumental dual ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elesse locative ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elusset locative dual ✧ PE21/34
Earendel nominative ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elunt nominative dual ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]illin nominative plural ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elwa possessive ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]ilwa possessive ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]eldon similative ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]elundon similative ✧ PE21/34
[Earend]ildon similative ✧ PE21/34

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴱQ. Earendel m.

See Q. Eärendil for discussion.

References ✧ GL/51; LBI/Eärendel; Let/8; LT1A/Eärendel; LT1I/Eärendel; LT2I/Eärendel; MC/216; PE12/25; PE13/99, 103-104; PE15/7, 22, 29; PE16/100, 104; PME/35; QL/34, 105

Variations

Related

Changes

Elements

earen “eyrie, (young) eagle” ✧ LT1A/Eärendel; PE12/25; QL/34

Element In

Cognates


ᴱQ. Yarendl m.

See Q. Eärendil for discussion.

Reference ✧ QL/105 ✧ Y̯arendl

Related

Element In