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N. tarias n. “stiffness, toughness, difficulty” (Category: Hard)

N. tarias, n. “stiffness, toughness, difficulty” (Category: Hard)
G. archod “difficulty”

A word in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “stiffness, toughness, difficulty”, a noun form of N. tara “tough, stiff” derived from the root ᴹ√TÁRAG (Ety/TÁRAG). Christopher Tolkien said the s in tarias was uncertain. The i in tarias is the result of the sound change whereby [g] > [ɣ] > [i] after a sonant (r, l) and before a vowel. Presumably “stiffness, toughness” was its original meaning and “difficulty” was an extended meaning.

Reference ✧ Ety/TÁRAG ✧ “stiffness, toughness, difficulty”



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√TÁRAG > tarias [targasse] > [targasse] > [tarɣasse] > [tarɣass] > [tariass] > [tarias] ✧ Ety/TÁRAG