Q. Mandos (Mandost-) loc. “Castle of Custody”

Q. Mandos (Mandost-), loc. “Castle of Custody”

Properly the name of the halls of the Vala Námo, the dwelling place of departed Elvish spirits (S/28). It is often used as the name of the Vala himself, however. It is a compound of mando “custody” and the suffixal form -os for osto “stronghold”, so that its stem-form is Mandost- (MR/350). In one place Tolkien translated the name as “Castle of Custody”, but said this was only an approximate meaning (MR/350).

Conceptual Development: This name dates back to the earliest Lost Tales. Even at this early stage, ᴱQ. Mandos was used to refer to the Vala but was said to be properly the name of his halls, though at this stage his true name was said to be ᴱQ. instead of Námo (LT1/66, QL/58). At this early stage the name was glossed “Hell” and given as a derivative of the root ᴹ√M(B)ṆÐṆ “bind” (QL/58), and appeared sometimes in the variant form Mandor (PME/58, 99; PE15/73).

The name ᴹQ. Mandos appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s with the gloss “Dread Imprisoner”, derived from a combination of the roots ᴹ√MBAD “prison” and ᴹ√GOS “dread” (Ety/GOS, MBAD).

His true name Námo did not emerge until Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (MR/150). Elsewhere in the Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien briefly considered changing this name to Mandar, but this change was rejected (MR/205).

References ✧ MR/205, 350; MRI; PMI; S/28; SA/band, os(t); SI; UTI; VT39/6; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

mandost- stem ✧ MR/350

Elements

mando “custody, safe keeping; prison, duress” ✧ MR/350
osto “fortress, stronghold, strong place” suffix ✧ MR/350; SA/os(t) (os)
mbandō “custody, safekeeping; prison, duress” ✧ SA/band (mbando)

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

Mandostŏ > Mandos [mandosto] > [mandost] > [mandos] ✧ VT39/6

ᴹQ. Mandos (Mandoss-) m. “(Dread) Imprisoner”

See Q. Mandos for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/GOS, MANAD, MBAD; EtyAC/MAN, MBAD; LRI; RSI; SDI2/Mandos; SMI

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Mandosse- stem “Dread Doom” ✧ EtyAC/MBAD

Elements

#manda “prison, *duress”
osse “terror” ✧ Ety/GOS
ᴹ√(M)BAD “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judgement” ✧ Ety/GOS (MBAD); Ety/MBAD (MBAD); Ety/MBAD (MBAD); EtyAC/MAN (MBAD); EtyAC/MBAD (MBA(N)D)
ᴹ√GOS “dread” ✧ Ety/MBAD; Ety/MBAD

Element In

Cognates


ᴱQ. Mandos (Mandost-) m. “Hell”

See Q. Mandos for discussion.

References ✧ GL/18, 21, 45; LBI; LT1A/Mandos; LT1I; LT2I; PE14/12; PE15/73; PME/58, 99; QL/37, 58, 99

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

[Mand]ost- stem ✧ PE15/73

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√mᵇṇřṇ > mandor [mbṇðor] > [mbanðor] > [manðor] > [mandor] ✧ PME/58
ᴱ√Mᵇ(A)NÐ(A)N > Mandos [mbṇðost] > [mbanðost] > [manðost] > [mandost] > [mandos] ✧ QL/58