Q. Mandos (Mandost-) loc. “Castle of Custody”
Properly the name of the halls of the Vala Námo, the dwelling place of departed Elvish spirits (S/28). It is often used as the name of the Vala himself, however. It is a compound of mando “custody” and the suffixal form -os for osto “stronghold”, so that its stem form is Mandost- (MR/350). In one place Tolkien translated the name as “Castle of Custody”, but said this was only an approximate meaning (MR/350).
Conceptual Development: This name dates back to the earliest Lost Tales. Even at this early stage, ᴱQ. Mandos was used to refer to the Vala but was said to be properly the name of his halls, though at this stage his true name was said to be ᴱQ. Vê instead of Námo (LT1/66, QL/58). At this early stage the name was glossed “Hell” and given as a derivative of the root ᴹ√M(B)ṆÐṆ “bind” (QL/58), and appeared sometimes in the variant form Mandor (PME/58, 99; PE15/73).
His true name Námo did not emerge until Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (MR/150). Elsewhere in the Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien briefly considered changing this name to Mandar, but this change was rejected (MR/205).
References ✧ MR/205, 350; MRI; PMI; S/28; SA/band, os(t); SI; UTI; VT39/6; WJI
|mando||“custody, safe keeping; prison, duress”||✧ MR/350|
|osto||“fortress, stronghold, strong place”||suffix||✧ MR/350; SA/os(t) (os)|
|✶mbandō||“custody, safekeeping; prison, duress”||✧ SA/band (mbando)|
|✶Mandostŏ > Mandos||[mandosto] > [mandost] > [mandos]||✧ VT39/6|
ᴹQ. Mandos (Mandoss-) m. “(Dread) Imprisoner”
References ✧ Ety/GOS, MANAD, MBAD; EtyAC/MAN, MBAD; LRI; RSI; SDI2/Mandos; SMI
|Mandosse-||stem||“Dread Doom”||✧ EtyAC/MBAD|
|ᴹ√(M)BAD||“duress, prison, doom, hell; *judgement”||✧ Ety/GOS (MBAD); Ety/MBAD (MBAD); Ety/MBAD (MBAD); EtyAC/MAN (MBAD); EtyAC/MBAD (MBA(N)D)|
|ᴹ√GOS||“dread”||✧ Ety/MBAD; Ety/MBAD|
ᴱQ. Mandos (Mandost-) m. “Hell”
References ✧ GL/18, 21, 45; LBI; LT1A/Mandos; LT1I; LT2I; PE14/12; PE15/73; PME/58, 99; QL/37, 58, 99
|ᴱ√mᵇṇřṇ > mandor||[mbṇðor] > [mbanðor] > [manðor] > [mandor]||✧ PME/58|
|ᴱ√Mᵇ(A)NÐ(A)N > Mandos||[mbṇðost] > [mbanðost] > [manðost] > [mandost] > [mandos]||✧ QL/58|