Q. Manwë m. “Blessed Being”

Q. Manwë, m. “Blessed Being”

The chief of the Valar, spouse of Varda (S/26). His name is an adaptation of his Valarin name or title: Val. Mānawenūz (WJ/399), with its final element influenced by the suffix -wë common in ancient names (PE17/189-190). Its initial element is related to root √MAN, also adapted from Valarin and seen in names like Aman (PM/357, SA/mān). An approximate translation of his name is “Blessed Being, Ruler or One” (Let/283, PE22/85, WJ/399).

Conceptual Development: The name ᴱQ. Manwe of the Lord of the Valar dates back to the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/52, QL/58). In The Etymologies from the 1930s, the derivation of ᴹQ. Manwe from its Primitive Elvish elements √MAN and -we² was essentially the same as given above (Ety/MAN, WEG). At these earlier stages, however, “Primitive Elvish” was actually Valarin (LR/192), so the idea of a separate adaptation from Valarin came later (WJ/399).

References ✧ Let/283; LotRI; MRI; PE17/162, 189-190; PE21/85; PM/357; PMI; SA/mān; SI; UTI; VT49/24; WJ/399, 404; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

Manwello ablative ✧ VT49/24

Elements

MAN “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil” ✧ PM/357
-wë “name-suffix (often masculine)” ✧ PE17/189 (-we); PE17/189 (-nwe); PE17/190 ()

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

MAN > Manwe [manwe] ✧ PE17/162
mān- > Manwë [manwe] ✧ SA/mān
Val. Mānawenūz > Mánwen > Manwe [mānawen] > [mānwen] > [manwen] ✧ WJ/399

ᴹQ. Manwe m.

See Q. Manwë for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/LEP, MAN, WEG; EtyAC/MAN; LR/56; LRI/Manwë; PE22/22, 50, 125; SDI2/Amân, Manwë; SMI/Manwë; TII/Manwë

Variations

Related

Inflections

Manwen genitive   ✧ Ety/LEP
Taniqetildesse locative “on Taniqetil” ✧ PE22/125

Elements

ᴹ√MAN “holy spirit” ✧ Ety/MAN
-we² “abstract suffix” ✧ Ety/WEG
ᴹ√WEG “(manly) vigour” ✧ Ety/MAN

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶Manwege > Manwe [manwege] > [manweɣe] > [manwē] > [manwe] ✧ EtyAC/MAN

ᴱQ. Manwe m.

See Q. Manwë for discussion.

References ✧ GL/18; LBI/Manwë; LT1A/Mánir, Manwë; LT1I/Manwë; LT2I/Manwë; PE13/104; PE14/12; PE15/26; QL/58

Related

Element In

Cognates

Derivations