[z]

[z]

References ✧ PE17/52; PE18/82, 102; PE19/69, 74, 82-83, 90-91, 95, 101

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

[s] became [z] before voiced stops zd < sd ✧ PE18/82 (*sd > [zd]); PE19/91 (s+d > zd)
[t+t], [d+d] from suffixion became [st], [zd] zd < d+d ✧ PE18/102 (dd > dʰd > dᶻd > zd; suffixal); PE19/82 (d+d > zd); PE19/90 (d+d > dᶻd > zd)
[s] became [z] before voiced stops zb < sb ✧ PE19/69 (s > z; before b, d, g, m, n, [ñ])
[s] became [z] before voiced stops zg < sg ✧ PE19/101 (s > z; before b, d, g)
AQ. combinations of voiced stops were unvoiced zd > st ✧ PE17/52 (zd > st); PE19/91 (zd > st)
AQ. [z] plus voiced stop became unvoiced z{bdg} > s{ptk} ✧ PE19/83 (zd, zb, zg > st, sp, sk); PE19/95 (zb, zd, zg > sp, st, sk); PE19/101 (zb, zd, zg > sp, st, sk)
OS. [z] vanished before [d] lengthening preceding vowel Vzd > V̄d ✧ PE19/91 (zd > d; with lengthening of preceding vowel); PE19/101 (zd > ´d)
S. [zb], [zg] became [ðβ], [ðɣ] zg > ðɣ ✧ PE19/101 (zg > đʒ)

ᴹ✶[z]

References ✧ PE18/30, 54, 59; PE19/28, 30

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴹ✶[s] became [z] before voiced stops zb < sb ✧ PE18/54 (sb > zb)
ᴹ✶[s] became [z] before voiced stops zd < sd ✧ PE18/54 (sd > zd); PE18/59 (sd > zd)
ᴹ✶[s] became [z] before voiced stops zg < sg ✧ PE18/54 (sg > zg)
Dan. [z] became [r] z > r ✧ PE19/28 (z > r)

ᴱ✶[ðʲ] ‹ʒ̑, zy›

References ✧ PE12/12, 15

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ðʲi > ī ✧ PE12/12 ((ī̆)ẏī̆ > ī)
ᴱQ. [ðʲ] became [j] ðʲ > j ✧ PE12/16 (z͡y > ; medial)

ᴱ✶[z]

References ✧ PE12/15; PE14/63

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. [z] became [r] z > r ✧ PE12/16 (z > r (s))