[w]

[w]

References ✧ PE17/41, 118, 130; PE18/82, 105; PE19/69, 72, 86, 88, 103, 107; PM/357; WJ/367

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

AQ. [w] initially and between vowels became [β] w-|VwV > β-|VβV ✧ PE17/130 (w > v)
Ilk. initial [s] unvoiced following [l], [r], [w] sw- > w̥- ✧ PE18/105 (w > hw)
[w] assimilated to preceding [p], [pʰ] pw > pp ✧ PE19/86 (pw > pp)
[w] assimilated to preceding [p], [pʰ] pʰw > ppʰ ✧ PE19/88 (phw > pph)
final [j], [w] became [i], [u] -w > -u ✧ PE19/103 (w > u; finally)
Q. [w] from [gw] initially and between vowels became [v] w-|VwV > v-|VvV ✧ PE17/118 (áwa > ava)
Q. initial [wo] became [o] wo- > o- ✧ PM/357 (w > ø; before o]); WJ/367 (w- > [ø]; before ō)
S. initial [w] became [gw] w- > gw- ✧ PE17/41 (w- > gw); PE18/105 (w > gw, w)
T. initial [w] became [v] w- > v- ✧ PE18/105 (w > v); WJ/367 (w- > [v-]; retained in Telerin)

ᴹ✶[w]

References ✧ PE18/30, 59; PE19/19, 23, 30

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

Dan. non-initial [w] became [v] in East Danian Xw > Xv ✧ PE19/23 (-w- > -v-)
Ilk. initial [w] became [gw] w- > gw- ✧ PE19/19 (w- > gw-)

ᴱ✶[w] ‹w, u̯›

References ✧ PE12/12-13, 15, 22-23, 26; PE15/64

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱN. [w] became [u] after a vowel uw > ū ✧ PE15/64 (uu̯ > ū)
ᴱQ. initial [sw] and [sβ] became [f], [sj] became [j̊] sw- > f- ✧ PE12/26 (sẇ > hw > f)
ᴱQ. medial nasal plus [w] became [ŋgw] ŋw > ŋgw ✧ PE12/23 (ñ, n, m, ŋ + ẇ > ngw)
ᴱQ. [kw] became [kʷ] kw > ✧ PE12/22 (kw̑ > q); PE12/22 (ku̯ > q)
ᴱQ. [ji], [wu] became [i], [u] after a vowel awu > au ✧ PE12/12 (áu̯u > au)
ᴱQ. [ji], [wu] became [i], [u] after a vowel owu > ou ✧ PE12/12 (óu̯u > au)
ᴱQ. [jǝ], [wǝ] became [je], [wo] after a vowel awǝ > awo ✧ PE12/12 (áu̯ǝ > ō (ávo)); PE12/13 (au̯ǝ́ > avó)
ᴱQ. [jǝ], [wǝ] became [je], [wo] after a vowel owǝ > owo ✧ PE12/13 (ou̯ǝ́ > )
ᴱQ. [au] became [o] before unstressed vowel, but [aw] before stressed vowel aue > oe ✧ PE12/12 (áu̯e > oe (ávo))
ᴱQ. [au] became [o] before unstressed vowel, but [aw] before stressed vowel aua > oa ✧ PE12/12 (áu̯a > oa)
ᴱQ. [au] became [o] before unstressed vowel, but [aw] before stressed vowel auo > ō ✧ PE12/12 (áu̯o > ō (ávo))
ᴱQ. [au] became [o] before unstressed vowel, but [aw] before stressed vowel aui > oi ✧ PE12/12 (áu̯i > oi (ávi))
ᴱQ. [au] became [o] before unstressed vowel, but [aw] before stressed vowel aué > awé ✧ PE12/13 (au̯é > awé)
ᴱQ. [au] became [o] before unstressed vowel, but [aw] before stressed vowel auá > awá ✧ PE12/13 (au̯á > awá)
ᴱQ. [au] became [o] before unstressed vowel, but [aw] before stressed vowel auó > awó ✧ PE12/13 (au̯ó > avó)
ᴱQ. [au] became [o] before unstressed vowel, but [aw] before stressed vowel auí > awí ✧ PE12/13 (au̯í > awí)
ᴱQ. [ou] became [u] before [e] and [o], but [o] before [i] and [a] oua > oa ✧ PE12/12 (óu̯a > oa (ua)); PE12/13 (ou̯á > )
ᴱQ. [ou] became [u] before [e] and [o], but [o] before [i] and [a] oui > oi ✧ PE12/12 (óu̯i > oi (ui)); PE12/13 (ou̯í > oi (ui))
ᴱQ. [ou] became [u] before [e] and [o], but [o] before [i] and [a] oue > ue ✧ PE12/12 (óu̯e > ue (oa)); PE12/13 (ou̯é > ué (oá))
ᴱQ. [ou] became [u] before [e] and [o], but [o] before [i] and [a] ouo > uo ✧ PE12/12 (óu̯o > uo); PE12/13 (ou̯ó > )
ᴱQ. [eu], [iu] became [euw], [iuw] before unstressed vowel, [ew], [iw] before stressed vowel euV > euwV ✧ PE12/12 (éu̯- + vowel > euv-)
ᴱQ. [eu], [iu] became [euw], [iuw] before unstressed vowel, [ew], [iw] before stressed vowel iuV > iuwV ✧ PE12/12 (íu̯- + vowel > iuv-)
ᴱQ. [eu], [iu] became [euw], [iuw] before unstressed vowel, [ew], [iw] before stressed vowel euV́ > ewV́ ✧ PE12/13 (ew-́ > ew-́)
ᴱQ. [eu], [iu] became [euw], [iuw] before unstressed vowel, [ew], [iw] before stressed vowel iuV́ > iwV́ ✧ PE12/13 (iw-́ > iw-́)