Ilk. hidhum n. “fog”

Ilk. hidhum n. “fog”

A Doriathrin noun for “fog” written hiðum in The Etymologies, and derived from the primitive form ᴹ✶khithme [kʰitʰme] (Ety/KHIS, EtyAC/KHIS). This word illustrates several interesting phonetic changes in Ilkorin.

  1. Both the aspirates became voiceless spirants: [kʰ-] > [x-] and [-tʰ-] > [-θ-].
    1. Later the initial [x-] became [h-].
    2. Meanwhile the medial [-θ-] voiced to [-ð-] (“dh”).
  2. The primitive final [e] was lost.
  3. Afterwards, the resulting final [m] became syllabic and developed into [-um].

Reference ✧ EtyAC/KHIS ✧ Dor. hiðum “fog”

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶khithme > hiðum [kʰitʰme] > [xitʰme] > [xiθme] > [xiθm] > [xiðm] > [hiðm] > [hiðum] ✧ EtyAC/KHIS