S. Caras i-Ngelaidh loc. “City of the Trees”
The pure Sindarin form of Caras Galadhon, appearing in Tolkien’s “Words, Phrases and Passages from The Lord of the Rings” from the 1950s-60s (PE17/60). In these notes, it appears as Caras (i)Ngelelaið, but Christopher Gilson suggested the final word was probably a slip for Ngelaið, which would be the ordinary nasal mutation of the plural of galadh “tree”. Its initial element is S. (or Nan.) caras, and the i is the elided form of the plural definite article in, whose elision causes the nasal mutation of the final word.
Reference ✧ PE17/60 ✧ Caras (i)Ngelelaið
|caras||“circular earthwall with dike, fort surrounded by bulwarks”||✧ PE17/60|
|i¹||“the”||plural elided||✧ PE17/60|
|galadh||“tree”||nasal-mutation plural||✧ PE17/60 (Ngelaið)|