Q. Ulmo m. “Pourer”
A Valar, Lord of the Waters (S/26). This name was originally derived from his Valarin name or title Ul(l)ubōz (WJ/400). Later it was interpreted as a combination of the root √UL “pour” and the agental suffix -mo, thus meaning “Pourer”, and this interpretation influenced its final Quenya form (WJ/401).
Conceptual Development: The name ᴱQ. Ulmo appeared in the earliest Lost Tales as a replacement for very early ᴱQ. Linqil (LT1/58, 61), and the name kept this form in all of Tolkien’s later writings. At the earliest stage, ᴱQ. Ulmo appeared in the Qenya Lexicon as a derivative of the root ᴱ√ULU¹ “pour, flow fast”, and in The Etymologies from the 1930s the name ᴹQ. Ulmo still had this derivation, from the root ᴹ√ULU “pour, flow”. The idea that his name was derived from Valarin did not emerge until the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 (WJ/400), but Tolkien retained the earlier derivation of his name as a false etymology.
References ✧ MRI; PE21/80; PMI; SI; UTI; WJ/400; WJI
|Ulmóva||possessive; prosodic-lengthening||“Ulmo’s”||✧ PE21/80|
|√UL||“pour (out), flow”|
|Val. Ul(l)ubōz > Ulmo||[ulubōz] ? [ulmo]||✧ WJ/400|
ᴹQ. Ulmo m.
References ✧ Ety/LEP, ULU; LRI; PE19/60; PE22/22; SDI2/Ulmo; SMI
|Ulmṓva||possessive; prosodic-lengthening||✧ PE19/60|
|ᴹ✶Ulumō > Ulmo||[ulumō] > [ulmō] > [ulmo]||✧ Ety/ULU|
|ᴹ✶Ulmṓ > Úlmō||[ulmō] > [ulmo]||✧ PE19/60|
|ᴹ✶Ulmṓvā > Ulmṓva||[ulmōvā] > [ulmōva]||✧ PE19/60|
|ᴹ✶Ulmṓn > Úlmōn||[ulmōn] > [ulmon]||✧ PE19/60|
ᴱQ. Ulmo m. “Valon of the Seas”
References ✧ GL/18, 22, 43; LB/93; LBI/Gulma, Ulmo, Ylmir; LT1/61; LT1A/Uin, Ulmo; LT1I; LT2A/Ulmonan; LT2I; PE13/101; PE14/12; QL/97; SM/13; SMI/Ylmir