Q. Ulmo m. “Pourer”

Q. Ulmo, m. “Pourer”

A Valar, Lord of the Waters (S/26). This name was originally derived from his Valarin name or title Ul(l)ubōz (WJ/400). Later it was interpreted as a combination of the root √UL “pour” and the agental suffix -mo, thus meaning “Pourer”, and this interpretation influenced its final Quenya form (WJ/401).

Conceptual Development: The name ᴱQ. Ulmo appeared in the earliest Lost Tales as a replacement for very early ᴱQ. Linqil (LT1/58, 61), and the name kept this form in all of Tolkien’s later writings. At the earliest stage, ᴱQ. Ulmo appeared in the Qenya Lexicon as a derivative of the root ᴱ√ULU¹ “pour, flow fast”, and in The Etymologies from the 1930s the name ᴹQ. Ulmo still had this derivation, from the root ᴹ√ULU “pour, flow”. The idea that his name was derived from Valarin did not emerge until the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 (WJ/400), but Tolkien retained the earlier derivation of his name as a false etymology.

References ✧ MRI; PE21/80; PMI; SI; UTI; WJ/400; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

Ulmóva possessive-adjectival; prosodic-lengthening “Ulmo’s” ✧ PE21/80

Elements

UL “pour (out), flow”
-mo “agental suffix”

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

Val. Ul(l)ubōz > Ulmo [ulubōz] ? [ulmo] ✧ WJ/400

ᴹQ. Ulmo m.

See Q. Ulmo for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/LEP, ULU; LRI; PE19/60; PE22/22; SDI2/Ulmo; SMI

Variations

Inflections

Ulmon genitive ✧ Ety/LEP
Úlmōn genitive ✧ PE19/60
Ulmṓva possessive-adjectival; prosodic-lengthening ✧ PE19/60

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶Ulumō > Ulmo [ulumō] > [ulmō] > [ulmo] ✧ Ety/ULU
ᴹ✶Ulmṓ > Úlmō [ulmō] > [ulmo] ✧ PE19/60
ᴹ✶Ulmṓvā > Ulmṓva [ulmōvā] > [ulmōva] ✧ PE19/60
ᴹ✶Ulmṓn > Úlmōn [ulmōn] > [ulmon] ✧ PE19/60

ᴱQ. Ulmo m. “Valon of the Seas”

See Q. Ulmo for discussion.

References ✧ GL/18, 22, 43; LB/93; LBI/Gulma, Ulmo, Ylmir; LT1/61; LT1A/Uin, Ulmo; LT1I; LT2A/Ulmonan; LT2I; PE13/101; PE14/12; QL/97; SM/13; SMI/Ylmir

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴱQ. Linqil m.

Rejected name of Ulmo in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/61), perhaps derived from the root ᴱ√LIQI having to do with water.

See Q. Ulmo for further discussion.

References ✧ LT1/61; LT1A/Ulmo; LT1I

Changes

Derivations