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N. golf n. “branch” (Category: Branch)

N. golf, n. “branch” (Category: Branch)
ᴱN. alt “bough, branch”
G. eilian “branch”
G. clann “branch”
G. clath “small branch, twig”
G. ôl¹ “forearm; bough”

A noun for “branch” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from ᴹ✶golbā under the root ᴹ√GOLOB (Ety/GÓLOB). It was an element in the name N. Gurutholf “Wand of Death” (Ety/ÑGUR).

Conceptual Development: The Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s had G. olf or olfin(g) “branch, wand, stick” (GL/62), an element in the earlier name G. Gurtholfin “Wand of Death” (GL/41; LT2/83). The Gnomish Lexicon originally had two words: olf “branch” and olfin “wand”, but these were deleted and merged into one word with two variants (GL/41). See ᴱN. alt for other “branch” words from the 1910s and 20s.

In Tolkien’s later writings, N. Gur(u)tholf became S. Gurthang “Iron of Death” (S/210; WJ/83). However, there was a word Q. olba “branch” in notes from 1968, derived from √OLOB (PM/341).

Neo-Sindarin: The 1968 Quenya word might mean Noldorin golf should be updated to [ᴺS.] *olf, but I prefer to assume there was a variant root √(G)OLOB which would allow us to retain golf “branch” for purposes of Neo-Sindarin.

Reference ✧ Ety/GÓLOB ✧ “branch”

Element In



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶golbā > golf [golbā] > [golba] > [golva] > [golv] ✧ Ety/GÓLOB

G. olf(in) n. “branch, wand, stick” (Category: Branch)

See N. golf for discussion.

References ✧ GL/62; LT2A/Gurtholfin




ôl¹ “forearm; bough”

Element In