Ilk. côm n. “sickness”

Ilk. côm n. “sickness”

A noun meaning “sickness” (Ety/KWAM). Its Quenya cognate ᴹQ. qáme indicates a primitive form *✶kwāmē, so this word is an example of how initial [kwo] became [ko] after the primitive vowel [ā] became [ō]. Both these developments were noted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/côm).

Conceptual Development: This word is nearly identical to earlier Gnomish côma “disease, illness” before Tolkien revised the phonological history of the Noldorin language so that [kw] became [p].

Reference ✧ Ety/KWAM ✧ “sickness”

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√KWAM > côm [kwāmē] > [kwāme] > [kwōme] > [kōme] > [kōm] ✧ Ety/KWAM