S. Lórien loc. “*Golden Lands”

S. Lórien, loc. “*Golden Lands”

The forest ruled by Galadriel, originally named in Nandorin Lórinand “Valley of Gold(en Light)” (UT/253) but adapted into Sindarin (LotR/1127) in imitation of Q. Lórien (UT/253), the realm of Irmo in Aman.

Possible Etymology: In English, it was often called the “Golden Wood” (LotR/337), so its initial element is likely a variant of the prefixal form glor- of glaur “gold” (without the “g” due to its Nandorin origin), while its final element could be the plural -ien “lands” of the suffix -ian(d), hence: “*Golden Lands”.

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, the Gnomish equivalent of ᴱQ. Lórien was G. Luriel >> Lûrien (GL/55) while in The Etymologies from the 1930s, its Noldorin equivalent was N. Lhuien (Ety/LOS). When the forest was first named in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s it was Lórien (TI/234), which Tolkien indicated was a Lemberin name in drafts of the Lord of the Rings appendices (PM/36). The derivation given above was described in Tolkien’s later writings on the history of Galadriel (UT/253).

References ✧ LotR/1127; LotRI; MR/201; PMI; SI/Lórien²; UT/253; UTI/Lórien², Lothlórien

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Elements

glaur “gold [light or colour]”
-ian(d) “-land” plural

Element In

Derivations


Lem. Lórien loc.

References ✧ PM/36; SDI1/Lórien; TII; WRI

Variations

Element In


N. Lhuien loc.

Noldorin equivalent of ᴹQ. Lórien appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/LOS). It perhaps developed from a primitive form *✶Lōsien, where the intervocalic [s] became [h] and then this [h] vanished after vowels, as opposed to Quenya where the [s] became [r].

See S. Lórien for further discussion.

References ✧ Ety/LOS; EtyAC/LOS

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Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√LOS > Lhuien [lōsien] > [lūsien] > [lūhien] > [l̥ūhien] > [l̥uien] ✧ Ety/LOS

G. Lûrien loc.

References ✧ GL/18, 34, 55, 58, 62; LT1A/Lórien; PE14/12

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Changes

Elements

lûr “slumber” ✧ GL/55

Cognates

Derivations