Q. [n]

Q. [n]

References ✧ PE17/92, 104; PE18/94, 105; PE19/71, 77, 79-80, 82, 92, 96-98, 101; VT42/24; VT47/10; VT48/30; WJ/414

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

Q. [no change] n < n ✧ PE19/71 (n > n; unchanged)
AQ. velars were dentalized before [j] nj < ŋj ✧ PE18/94 (ñy > ny); PE18/105 (ñy > ny)
AQ. velars were dentalized before [j] ndj < ŋgj ✧ PE18/105 (ñgy > ny)
AQ. syllabic nasals developed a preceding vowel of similar quality and- < ṇd- ✧ PE19/77 (*ṇd- > *and-)
Q. initial voiceless nasals [hm], [hn] became voiced [m], [n] n- < n̥- ✧ PE19/79 (hn > n; initially)
Q. [z] assimilated to following [m], [n] nn < zn ✧ PE19/82 (zn > nn); PE19/101 (zn > nn)
Q. [ŋ] assimilated to following [n] after [e], [a], [o] {eao}nn < {eao}ŋn ✧ PE19/96 (eŋ, aŋ, oŋ > en, an, on; before n); PE19/98 (eñn, añn, oñn > enn, ann, onn)
AQ. initial [d] assimilated to following [n] nVXn- < dVXn- ✧ VT48/30 (d > n); WJ/414 (d > n-)
Van. [mm], [nn] became [mb], [nd] nn > nd ✧ PE19/92 (nn > nd)

ᴹQ. [n]

Reference ✧ PE22/65 ✧ n

Element In


ᴱQ. [n]

References ✧ PE12/16; PE14/41, 60

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. [no change] n < n ✧ PE12/16 (n > n); PE12/16 (n > n)
ᴱQ. initial [ŋ] became [n] n- < ŋ- ✧ PE12/16 (ȵ > n)
ᴱQ. initial nasalized stops became nasals n- < nd- ✧ PE12/16 (nd > d)