Ilk. second unstressed short vowel of same quality lost; [V₁CˌV₁C{Vw}] > [V₁CC{Vw}]

Ilk. second unstressed short vowel of same quality lost; [V₁CˌV₁C{Vw}] > [V₁CC{Vw}]

Like the Quenya syncope, a short vowel of the same quality as the preceding syllable was lost in Ilkorin, for example: ᴹ✶kwenedē > Dor. cwend (EtyAC/KWEN(ED)) or ᴹ✶thóron[ē] > Ilk. thorn (Ety/THOR). There is one example indicating that this change could occur even when the second primitive vowel was stressed: ᴹ✶salák-(wē) > Ilk. salch (Ety/SALÁK). In this case, though, it is likely that the stress shifted to the initial syllable before the vowel was lost.

There are a couple of counter-examples to this rule. First, the syncope did not occur when the result would be a cluster of three consonants: ᴹ✶Utubnu > Ilk. Uduvon (Ety/TUB), although it seems that if the third consonant was the semi-vowel [w], the syncope could still occur (see salch above). Second, it seems that the syncope did not occur when the second vowel was in the final syllable: ᴹ✶bóron- > Ilk. boron (Ety/BOR); this exception may apply to Ilk. aman as well (Ety/AM¹). In these last two examples, the syncope did apply to the plurals: burnin and emnin, where the lost vowel would no longer be in the last syllable.

It seems likely that the syncope occurred before voiced stops spirantalized after vowels, since ᴹ✶gálad[ā] > Ilk. gald (Ety/GALAD) and ᴹ✶ñgólod[ō] > Ilk. (n)gold (Ety/ÑGOLOD) rather than **galdh [galð] or **goldh [golð]. However, it is possible the syncope occurred afterwards, and voiced spirants were re-stopped in these positions.

Order (01800)

After 01700 [e], [o] became [i], [u] before [nn], [nd], [ŋg] ᴹ✶kwenedē > Dor. cwend EtyAC/KWEN(ED)
Before 01900 [d] became [ð] after [r] ᴹ✶eredē > Ilk. erð Ety/ERÉD
Before 02200 [esk] became [esg] ᴹ√ESEK > Ilk. esg Ety/ESEK
Before 02700 [ls] became [ll] ᴹ√TELES > Ilk. tell EtyAC/TELES
Before 04300 voiced stops spirantalized after vowels ᴹ√GÁLAD > Dor. gald Ety/GALAD

Phonetic Rule Elements

[aCaCV] > [aCCV]
[eCeCV] > [eCCV]
[eCeCw] > [eCCw]
[iCiCV] > [iCCV]
[oCoCV] > [oCCV]
[uCuCV] > [uCCV]

Phonetic Rule Examples

galada > galda aCaCV > aCCV ᴹ√GÁLAD > Dor. gald ✧ Ety/GALAD
ɣarama > ɣarma aCaCV > aCCV ᴹ√ƷARAM > Dor. garm ✧ Ety/ƷARAM
ŋgaramo > ŋgarmo aCaCV > aCCV ᴹ√ÑGAR(A)M > Dor. garm ✧ Ety/ÑGAR(A)M
talama > talma aCaCV > aCCV ᴹ√TALAM > Ilk. talum ✧ Ety/TAL
edela > edla eCeCV > eCCV ᴹ✶edel- > Dor. Egla ✧ Ety/ELED
erede > erde eCeCV > eCCV ᴹ✶eredē > Ilk. erð ✧ Ety/ERÉD
eseke > eske eCeCV > eCCV ᴹ√ESEK > Ilk. esg ✧ Ety/ESEK
eseke > eske eCeCV > eCCV ᴹ√EZGE > Ilk. esg ✧ Ety/EZGE
kjelepe > kjelpe eCeCV > eCCV ᴹ√KYÉLEP > Ilk. telf ✧ Ety/KYELEP
kwenede > kwende eCeCV > eCCV ᴹ✶kwenedē > Dor. cwend ✧ EtyAC/KWEN(ED)
nelede > nelde eCeCV > eCCV ᴹ√NÉL-ED > Dor. neld ✧ Ety/NEL
telese > telse eCeCV > eCCV ᴹ√TELES > Ilk. tell ✧ EtyAC/TELES
salakwe > salkwe eCeCw > eCCw ᴹ✶SALÁK-(WĒ) > Ilk. salch ✧ Ety/SALÁK
dorono > dorno oCoCV > oCCV ᴹ√DÓRON > Dor. dorn ✧ Ety/DÓRON
ŋgolodo > ŋgoldo oCoCV > oCCV ᴹ√ÑGÓLOD > Dor. (n)gold ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD
ŋgorotʰo > ŋgortʰo oCoCV > oCCV ᴹ√ÑGÓROTH > Dor. ngorth ✧ Ety/ÑGOROTH
oroto > orto oCoCV > oCCV ᴹ√ÓROT > Dor. orth ✧ Ety/ÓROT
tʰorone > tʰorne oCoCV > oCCV ᴹ√THÓRON > Ilk. thorn ✧ Ety/THOR