Q. Ossë m.
One of the greatest of the Maia, master of the seas that wash the shores of Middle Earth (S/30). His Quenya name is derived from his name in Valarin: Val. Oš(o)šai “spuming, foaming” (WJ/400).
Conceptual Development: This name dates back to the earliest Lost Tales, when ᴱQ. Osse was derived from the root ᴱ√’O’O along with other words related to the sea (LT1A/Ossë, QL/70). In The Etymologies, the name ᴹQ. Osse was derived from the primitive root ᴹ√GOS “dread” (Ety/GOS), perhaps referring to the awe-inspiring nature of the sea. The later derivation of Q. ëar “sea” < √GAY(AR) “awe, dread” was similar (PM/363, WJ/400).
In his “Words, Phrases and Passages from The Lord of the Rings” from the 1950s-60s, Tolkien derived Ossë from an otherwised unattested root OS “making a hissing foaming noise” (PE17/138). His Valarin name did not appear until the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60 (WJ/400).
References ✧ MRI; PE17/138; PMI; SI; UTI; WJ/400; WJI/Gaerys, Ossë, Yssion
|✶Ossai > Osse||[ossai] > [osse]||✧ WJ/400|
ᴹQ. Osse m.
References ✧ Ety/GOS; LRI/Ossë; PE22/22; SDI2/Ossë; SMI/Ossë
|ᴹ✶Goss > Osse||[gosse] > [ɣosse] > [osse]||✧ Ety/GOS|
ᴱQ. Osse m. “God of Sea”
References ✧ GL/18, 61, 63; LBI/Ossë; LT1A/Ónen, Ossë; LT1I/Ossë; LT2I/Ossë; PE14/13; PE15/8; QL/70