S. Dagor-nuin-Giliath pn. “Battle-under-Stars”

S. Dagor-nuin-Giliath, pn. “Battle-under-Stars”

Second great battle of the Wars of Beleriand, translated “Battle-under-Stars” (S/106), a combination of dagor “battle”, nu “under”, the plural in of the definite article and finally the class-plural giliath of gil “star”.

Conceptual Development: In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, this battle was first named N. Dagor-os-Giliath (SM/268, LR/117), revised to N. Dagor nuin Giliath later in these drafts (LR/119, 145). This later form was also used in the Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (WJ/17).

It occasionally appeared as Dagor-nui-Ngiliath in both the 1930s and 1950s (LR/249, WJ/113), with the plural article elided and the class-plural undergoing nasal-mutation to ngiliath. This second formation is probably more typical Sindarin.

References ✧ S/106; SA/gil; SI/Battles of Beleriand, Dagor-nuin-Giliath; SMI/Dagor-os-Giliath; WJ/17, 113; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Elements

dagor “battle” ✧ S/106
nu “under” ✧ S/106
“the” plural ✧ S/106 (in)
gil “star; (bright) spark, silver glint, twinkle of light” nasal-mutation class-plural ✧ S/106 (Giliath); SA/gil

N. Dagor nuin Giliath pn. “Battle-under-Stars”

See S. Dagor-nuin-Giliath for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/NU; LR/119, 145, 249; LRI/Dagor-os-Giliath

Glosses

Variations

Elements

dagor “battle”
no “under” ✧ Ety/NU (nui)
i “the” plural
geil “star” nasal-mutation class-plural

N. Dagor-os-Giliath pn. “Battle under Stars”

Earlies name of Dagor-nuin-Giliath (SM/268, LR/117), with os for “under” instead of later nu(in). In The Etymologies, N. os- was given as a prefix meaning “about”.

See S. Dagor-nuin-Giliath for further discussion.

References ✧ LR/117, 119, 145; LRI; SM/268; SMI

Glosses

Changes

Elements

dagor “battle”
os- “about”
geil “star” nasal-mutation class-plural