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S. galad [ñg-] n. “radiance, glittering reflection; light, fire, brightness, shining”

S. galad [ñg-], n. “radiance, glittering reflection; ⚠️light, fire, brightness, shining; [ᴱN.] dawn”

@@@ This word was translated as “light” in the Etymologies (EtyAC/GAL, PE17/23), but in later writings had the sense “radiance, glittering reflection” (PM/347). In its earlier meaning, it was derived from the root √GAL¹ (EtyAC/GAL, PE17/84). However, the word was not lenited in S. Gil-galad, indicating that primitively it began with ✶ng-. Tolkien devised a new etymology of the word, from √Ñ(G)AL > ✶ñalatā > ñgalad > galad (PM/347).

References ✧ Let/425; PE17/84; PM/347; SA/kal

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N. galad n. “light”

Reference ✧ EtyAC/GAL ✧ “light”

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ᴹ√GAL > galad [galata] > [galat] > [galad] ✧ EtyAC/GAL

ᴱN. galad n. “dawn”

Reference ✧ PE13/144 ✧ “dawn”


G. gal(a) n. “daylight, light”

References ✧ GL/37-38, 41; PE13/114

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gal- “to shine (golden, as the Sun)” ✧ GL/37

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G. glô n. “sunrise, dawn, daybreak”

References ✧ GL/40-41

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