Sindarin Words

The Sindarin words presented here are drawn from a large number of sources, both before and after The Lord of the Rings. This list also includes a number of Noldorin words from the 1930s and 1940s; words that are attested only as Noldorin and not Sindarin are marked [N.]. In a few cases, earlier Noldorin words have been “Sindarinized” to fit the phonetic rules of later Sindarin; those words are marked with a ^. The Sindarizations presented here are mostly based on those appearing in Didier Willis’s Sindarin Dictionary (HSD).

-a suf. “[old] genitive suffix”
conj. “and; †by, near, beside”
interj. “O!”
#ab prep. “after”
ablad n. “prohibition, refusal”
ach¹ n. “neck”
ach² conj. “*but”
achad n. “rock ridge, neck (geographically)”
#achar- v. “to avenge, do back, react, requite”
achared n. “vengeance” see acharn
acharn n. “vengeance, (an act of) revenge”
#ad- pref. “back, again, re-”
#-ad¹ suf. “noun-suffix”
-ad² suf. “gerund” see #-ed¹
Adan n. “Man (as a race)”
adaneth n. “(mortal) woman”
adar n. “father”
adbed- v. “to rephrase”
#adertha- v. “to reunite”
aderthad n. “reuniting”
adh conj. “and” see
adu adj. “double”
aduial n. “(evening) twilight”
advir n. “heirloom”
ae interj. “O!” see
aear n. “sea” see gaear
aearon n. “*ocean” see gaearon
#aeg adj. “sharp”
#aeglir n. “line of peaks”
aeglos n. “snowthorn; icicle”
#ael n. “lake, pool”
aelin n. “lake, pool” see #ael
aen adv. “should be; ?may it be that”
aer adj. “*hallowed, holy”
aerlinn n. “*hymn, (lit.) holy song”
aew n. “(small) bird”
#aewen adj. “of birds”
#agar n. “blood”
aglar n. “glory, splendour, brilliance, radiance”
aglareb adj. “glorious, brilliant”
aglor adj. “brilliant, glorious”
ah conj. “and” see
ahamar n. “*neighbor” see sammar
ai¹ interj. “hail!”
ai² pron. “*those who”
air adj. “lonely”
al-¹ pref. “no, not”
al-² pref. “well, happily”
alae interj. “?behold”
alaf n. “elm”
albeth n. “(word of) good omen”
alf n. “flower”
alfirin adj. and n. “immortal, (lit.) not dying; a species of flower”
alph n. “swan”
*alu adj. “wholesome”
alw adj. “wholesome” see *alu
alwed n. “prosperous, fortunate”
#am adv. “up”
amar n. “world, the Earth, (lit.) settlement”
amarth n. “fate, doom”
amartha- v. “to define, decree, destine”
amdir n. “hope (based on reason), (lit.) looking up”
amloth n. “uprising flower”
ammarth n. “fate, doom” see amarth
amon n. “hill, mountain with steep sides; lump, clump, mass”
amrûn n. “sunrise, east, (lit.) of the uprising”
an prep. “to, for”
#an- pref. “intensive prefix”
anann adv. “(for) long”
Anaur n. “Sun” see Anor
*anc n. “jaws, (animal’s) mouth”
and adj. “long”
andaith n. “long-mark”
andreth adj. “long-suffering, patience”
ang n. “iron”
angerthas n. “runic alphabetic, (lit.) long rune-rows”
#anglenna- v. “to approach”
angren adj. “of iron”
anha- v. “to give” see #anna-
#aníra- v. “to desire”
ann¹ n. “gift”
ann² adj. “long” see and
#anna- v. “to give, †add to”
annon n. “(great) gate, door”
annui adj. “west[ern]”
annûn n. “sunset, west; (lit.) going down”
Anor n. “Sun”
-ant suf. “3rd person past tense”
anta- v. “to give, add to” see #anna-
anw n. “gift” see ann¹
anwar adj. “awe”
aphad- v. “to follow”
aphadon n. “follower”
aphed- v. “to answer”
ar conj. “and” see
ar- pref. “without; outside; ?by, beside”
ar(a)- pref. “noble, royal, high”
aran n. “king, lord, chief”
aranarth n. “*kingdom”
aras n. “deer”
arben n. “knight” see arphen
*ardhon n. “province” see ?gardhon
arnad n. “*kingdom”
arnediad adj. “unnumbered”
arnoediad adj. “unnumbered, without reckoning”
arod adj. “noble”
arphen n. “noble, knight”
arthor n. “realm”
#-as suf. “abstract noun”
ast n. “light or heat of the sun”
astor n. “loyalty”
astorad n. “loyalty”
-ath suf. “collective or group plural”
ath- pref. “easily”
atha- v. “will (future)”
athae n. and adj. “?healing”
athaelas n. “*healing herb” see athelas
athal n. “stranger, guest” see othol
atheg n. “(little) father; thumb”
athelas n. “kingsfoil, a healing herb”
athgar adj. “easy (easy to do)”
athgen adj. “easily seen”
athra-¹ v. “to cross (to and fro)”
athra-² v. “to treat medically”
athrabeth n. “conversation, debate, (lit.) interchange of words”
athrad n. “ford, crossing”
athragared n. “interaction”
aur n. “(whole) day”
auth n. “dim shape, spectral or vague apparition”
#ava- v. “will not, do not”
avad n. “refusal, reluctance”
Avar n. “refuser”
?avorn adj. “[stead]fast”
avras n. “precipice”
bain adj. “fair, beautiful; fair-haired; good, wholesome, favorable”
Balan n. “Vala, god”
balch adj. “fierce, ferocious”
bân adj. “fair, good, wholesome, favorable” see bain
ban- v. “?to meet, come up against”
band [mb-] n. “prison, custody, duress”
bar [mb-] n. “home, house, dwelling”
barad n. “tower, fortress”
baran adj. “brown, golden-brown”
bardh [mb-] n. “home”
bardor [mb-] n. “home land, native land”
barthan [mb-] n. “large (stone) dwelling”
#bas(t) [mb-] n. “bread”
bauda- v. “to ban, prohibit, refuse” see boda-
bauglir [mb-] n. “constrainer; tyrant, oppressor”
baw¹ interj. “no, do not!”
baw² n. “howling”
#be prep. “in; ?as, like”
belaith [mb-] adj. “mighty”
beleg adj. “great, mighty; large, big, [ᴱN.] huge”
bereth n. and adj. “queen, spouse; supreme, sublime”
besain [mb-] n. “the Lady, breadgiver”
besoneth [mb-] n. “breadgiver” see besain
bess n. “wife”
boda- v. “to ban, prohibit, refuse, forbid”
born [mb-] adj. “hot, red”
bragol adj. “sudden” see bregol
bragollach n. “sudden flame; ?wild fire”
brand¹ adj. “towering; tall and massive”
brand² n. “steeple”
brann adj. “towering, tall and massive” see brand¹
brass n. “great cliff”
brasta- v. “to tower up, loom”
bregol adj. “sudden”
brethil¹ n. “silver-birch; beech”
brethil² n. “princess, (lit.) queen-daughter”
?bril n. “glass, crystal”
brith n. “gravel”
?brithon adj. “pebbly”
*brôg n. “bear”
#brui adj. “loud”
budhu n. “large fly”
#cab- v. “to leap”
cabed n. “leap”
#cad adv. “*after”
cadhad n. “dwarf”
Cadlaer n. “July, *After-summer”
caen num. card. “ten”
caenui num. ord. “tenth”
caer ? “[unglossed]”
?cáfru n. “?flea”
cai n. “hedge”
cail n. “fence, palisade of spikes or sharp stakes”
cair n. “ship”
#cal- v. “to shine”
calad n. “light, fire, brightness, shining”
calan n. “day(light)”
calar n. “(portable) lamp”
calardan n. “lampwright”
calen adj. “green; fresh, vigorous; †bright”
cam n. “(cupped) hand, holding hand; handful”
camm n. “hand” see cam
can- v. “to cry out, shout, call”
canad num. card. “four”
canath n. “quarter”
canhui num. ord. “fourth” see canthui
#cannas n. “[abstract] shape”
#cant n. “shape; outline”
canthui num. ord. “fourth”
cantui num. ord. “fourth” see canthui
car- v. “to do, make”
carab n. “hat”
carach n. “jaws, rows of teeth”
caralluin adj. “*red-blue”
caran adj. “red”
caras n. “circular earthwall with dike, fort surrounded by bulwarks; city (built above ground)”
carch n. “tooth, fang”
carfa- v. “to talk, speak, use tongue”
#carn n. “deed”
#carth n. “deed”
carweg adj. “active; busy”
#cast n. “cape, headland”
castol n. “helmet”
cathrae n. “tressure, *net for containing hair”
caul n. “great burden, affliction”
caun¹ n. “prince, chief, head”
caun² n. “outcry, clamour”
caw- v. “to taste”
ceber n. “stake, spike”
celeb n. “silver”
celebrin adj. “like silver (in hue or worth)”
celeg adj. “hasty; swift, agile”
#cen- v. “to see, perceive, look”
#cened¹ n. “looking”
cened² num. ord. “four” see canad
cenedril n. “mirror, looking-glass, (lit.) looking-crystal”
cerin n. “circular mound, artificial hill”
certh n. “rune”
certhas n. “runes-rows, runic alphabet”
Cerveth n. “July”
ceven n. “*Earth”
ci pron. “thou”
cidinn adj. “small”
cinnog adj. “small”
cîr adj. “fresh, new” see cîw
círdan n. “shipbuilder”
cirith n. “cleft, pass, ravine, defile”
cîw adj. “fresh, new, renewed”
côf n. “bay”
#coll¹ n. “cloak”
coll² adj. “hollow”
condir n. “mayor, (lit.) *chief-man”
cor n. “ring”
cordof n. “pippin, *(small red) apple”
coron n. “mound; globe, ball”
#coth n. “enemy, foe; enmity”
cova- v. “to come together, meet; to gather, assemble”
covad- v. “to bring together, make meet”
craban n. “bird of crow-kind, *raven”
criss n. “cleft”
crist n. “cleaver; sword”
n. “bow”
#cûd n. “foe”
#cuia- v. “to live”
#cuina- v. “to be alive”
cûl n. “load”
curu n. “skill (of the hand), craft; power, ability; cunning”
curunír n. “wizard, man of craft”
cŷl n. “*renewal”
cŷr adj. “renewed”
cýra- v. “to renew”
cýron n. “new-moon”
-d suf. “dual”
dadwen- [nd-] v. “to return, go back”
dae n. “shadow”
daebeth [nd-] n. “blasphemy”
daedelos [nd-] n. “horrible fear”
dael [nd-] n. “horror”
daer¹ adj. “great, large”
daer² [nd-] adj. “dreadful, horrible, ghastly”
#dag- [nd-] v. “to slay”
dagnir [nd-] n. “slayer, bane”
dagor [nd-] n. “battle”
dail adj. “beautiful, fine, delicate, lovely”
dalath n. “plain, low lying/flat ground”
damen- [nd-] v. “to return” see dadwen-
dan [nd-] prep. “back to, (back in return) against, down upon, back on”
danbeth [nd-] n. “*answer, (lit.) back-word”
dandol- [nd-] v. “to return, come back”
dangar- [nd-] v. “to undo”
dangen [nd-] adj. “slain”
dangweth [nd-] n. “answer, (lit.) *back-report”
danna- v. “to fall”
dannen [nd-] n. “ebb, lowtide”
dant n. “*fall”
danwedh [nd-] n. “ransom”
#dar- v. “to stop, halt”
daur n. “league; †stop, pause”
de pron. “thee/you”
deil adj. “beautiful, fine, delicate, lovely” see dail
del n. “horror”
delch adj. “dense”
deloth n. “abhorrence”
delw adj. “thick (of a single thing)”
den prep. “?against” see dan
dern adj. “tough, thrawn”
dev- [nd-] v. “to try”
#dew- v. “to fail, miss”
dha ? “?”
di¹ [nd-] prep. “beneath, under”
di² prep. “with”
#díhena- v. “*to forgive”
#-dil suf. “friend, lover”
#dim n. “stair”
dîn n. and adj. “silence; silent, quiet”
dínen adj. “silent”
dîr¹ [nd-] n. “man, adult male; agental suffix”
dîr² adj. “hard, difficult”
dirbedui adj. “hard to utter, difficult to pronounce”
dírnaith [nd-] n. “wedge-shaped battle-formation, (lit.) man-spearhead”
dolen adj. “hidden”
dol(l) n. “head, hill”
dom adj. “blind”
dond n. “fist”
donn n. “fist” see dond
-dor suf. “*king, lord”
dôr [nd-] n. “land”
dorn adj. “tough, stiff, thrawn, obdurate”
draug n. “wolf”
#drega- v. “to flee”
#dring n. “hammer”
n. “night, dimness; night-fall, late evening”
dúath n. “night shadow, dark/black shadow”
duin n. “(large) river”
duinen n. “flood, high tide”
dúlin n. “nightingale”
dûn [nd-] n. “west”
dûr [nd-] adj. “dark (with evil implications), gloomy, hellish”
duwath n. “night shadow, dark/black shadow” see dúath
dýgar n. and adj. “mistaken act; doing a wrong thing”
dŷl n. “mistake”
dŷr adj. “mistaken, off point, not right”
e pron. “he”
#eb prep. “?before”
-eb suf. “adjective suffix”
Eblaer n. “June, ?Before-summer”
ech pron. “?you, yourself (singular)”
echad n. “camp”
echad- v. “to make, fashion, form; (lit.) to shape out”
#echil n. “follower”
echor n. and adj. “outer circle; encircling”
echui n. “awakening”
echuir n. “early Spring, (lit.) stirring”
#-ed¹ suf. “gerund”
ed¹ prep. “out, out of”
-ed² suf. “3rd person singular possessive suffix”
ed² pron. “*it”
edaid adj. “double”
Edhel n. “Elf”
edhellen adj. “elvish”
edhelvein adj. “elven fair”
edlenn adj. “exiled”
edlon n. “outsider, stranger”
edra- v. “to open (out)”
edraith n. “rescue, saving”
edregol adv. “in especial”
edwen num. ord. “second”
-eg¹ suf. “diminutive/singular ending”
-eg² suf. “2nd person singular familiar possessive suffix”
-egir suf. “2nd person plural familiar possessive suffix”
eglan adj. “forsaken”
#egleria- v. “to glorify, praise”
ego interj. “be off!”
egor conj. “or”
ein- pref. “excellent, admirable”
einior adj. “elder”
eirien n. “daisy”
eitha-¹ v. “to prick with a sharp point, stab; to treat with scorn, insult”
eitha-² v. “to ease, assist”
eithad n. “insult”
eithel n. “source [of water], spring, well”
eithro adv. “*also”
-el suf. “2nd person singular polite possessive suffix”
êl n. “star”
elanor n. “a golden star-shaped flower, (lit.) sun-star”
Eledh n. “Elf”
Elen n. “Elf” see †Eledh
elen n. “star” see êl
elia- v. “to cause to prosper, bless (a work), help one”
-elir suf. “2nd person plural polite possessive suffix”
Ell n. “Elf”
Ellas n. “*Elf-maid” see Elleth
Elles n. “*Elf-man” see Ellon
Elleth n. “Elf-maid”
Ellir n. “*Elf-maid” see Elleth
Ellon n. “Elf-man”
elloth n. “single flower”
elo interj. “behold!”
emel n. “mother”
emer n. “mother” see emel
emig n. “(little) mother, *mommy”
-emir suf. “1st person plural exclusive possessive”
#en- v. “*to name”
#-en¹ suf. “adjective suffix”
en¹ prep. “of the”
-en² suf. “my, 1st sg. poss. suffix”
en² pron. “1st sg pronoun”
enaid adj. “central, middle”
-enc suf. “our (inclusive), 1st pl. incl. poss. suffix”
enchui num. ord. “sixth”
encui num. ord. “sixth” see enchui
enecthui num. ord. “sixth” see enchui
ened n. “centre” see enedh
enedh n. “centre, middle”
eneg num. card. “six”
eneth n. “*name”
-engir suf. “our (inclusive), 1st pl. incl. poss. suffix” see -enc
ennas adv. “there”
eno adv. “*still”
-ent suf. “their, 3rd pl. poss. suffix”
ent pron. “they, 3rd pl. pronoun”
ephed- v. “to say out”
ephel n. “outer fence, surrounding ring”
ephola- v. “?to remember”
er adj. “one, alone”
ereb adj. “single, alone, lonely”
ereg n. “holly, thorn”
erin ? “on the ... day”
ernil n. “prince”
ero adv. “*alone”
#ertha- v. “to unite”
eryn n. “wood, forest (of trees)”
esbin n. “thin thread, tress”
esgal n. “veil, screen, hiding; cast shadow; roof of leaves”
est¹ pron. “he, she, it, 3rd sg. pronoun”
est² pron. “they, 3rd pl. pronoun” see ent
#esta- v. “to be called”
estel n. “hope, trust”
esten(t) adj. “short”
estolad n. “encampment”
eth pron. “he, she, it, 3rd sg. pronoun” see est¹
-eth suf. “feminine ending”
ethir¹ n. “mouth of a river, (lit.) outflow”
#ethir² n. “spy”
ethuil n. “spring”
fae n. “incarnate spirit”
#fael¹ n. and adj. “gleam of the sun; *gleaming”
fael² adj. “fair-minded, just, generous”
faer n. “spirit (in general)”
fain adj. and n. “white, shimmering, radiant; filmy, dimmed; apparition; cloud”
fair adj. “quick, ready, prompt”
falas n. “beach, shore, strand, surf(line)”
#falch n. “*cleft, ravine”
faloth n. “large foamy wave”
fân n. “(white) cloud; veil; shape, vision”
fang n. “beard”
fanha- v. see *fanna-
*fanna- v. “to veil, cloak”
fanui adj. “cloudy, (lit.) having much cloud”
?fanwos n. “mind-picture (of apparition in dream)”
faran n. “rowan”
faroth n. “?hunting, hunters”
faug adj. “thirsty”
faw n. “breath, puff of breath”
Feir n. “Mortal”
fela n. “mine, boring, tunnel, underground dwelling; cave”
feleg n. “cave, mine, underground dwelling”
fen n. “door; threshold”
fennas n. “doorway, great door”
fergar adj. “soon done”
fergenol adj. “quick to see or perceive, sharp-sighted or witted”
feria- v. “to make ready (promptly)”
#fern adj. and n. “dead (of mortals); dead person”
ferui adj. “ready to hand, (quickly) available”
fim adj. “slender, slim”
fîn n. “(single) hair, filament”
find n. “tress; single hair”
findel adj. and n. “having fine or beautiful hair; head of hair, fax”
fineg n. “*lock of hair” see fing
fing n. “lock of hair”
finn n. “tress; single hair” see find
#fir- v. “to fade, die”
Fíreb n. “Mortal”
fíreb adj. “mortal”
Firieth n. “(Female) Mortal”
firin adj. “mortal, dying”
Firion n. “(Male) Mortal”
firith n. “fading; [late] autumn”
#flâd n. “skin”
flinc n. “finch”
foen n. “long sight”
for adj. “north” see forn
forn adj. “north”
forod n. “north”
forvo n. “right hand, right side”
? n. “path”
fuin n. “night, gloom, darkness”
gaear n. “sea”
gaearon n. “ocean, (lit.) great sea”
#gaer¹ adj. “dreadful, awful, fearful”
gaer² n. “sea” see gaear
gaeron n. “*ocean” see gaearon
gail n. “silver spark, *star” see gil
gal- [ñg-] v. “to shine clear”
gala- v. “to grow”
galad [ñg-] n. “radiance, glittering reflection; light, fire, brightness, shining”
galadh n. “tree”
galadhremmen adj. “tree-meshed”
galenas n. “pipeweed, nicotiana, *tobacco”
galvorn n. “type of dark metal devised by Eöl, (lit.) *shining-black”
gamp n. “hook, crook; claw”
gardh n. “region”
?gardhon n. “province”
gaur [ñg-] n. “werewolf”
Gavar n. see †Avar
gelir adj. “merry”
#genedia- v. “to reckon”
genediad n. “reckoning”
gil [ñg-] n. “star; (bright) spark, silver glint”
gill n. “star” see gil
#gir- v. “to shudder”
girith n. “shuddering; horror”
Girithron n. “December, *Shuddering-one”
glad n. “wood”
gladh- v. “to laugh”
glaer n. “long lay, narrative poem”
glam n. “din, uproar, shouting, confused noise; barbarous speech”
glamog n. “orc”
#glân¹ adj.
glân² n. “hem, border”
glandagol n. “boundary mark”
glan(n) n. “boundary”
glaur n. “gold (light or colour)”
glaw n. “sunshine”
glawar n. “gold (light or colour); sunlight, radiance (of Laurelin)”
gleina- v. “to bound, enclose, limit”
#glenna- v. “*to travel”
#glim n. “voice”
glind n. “*song” see lind¹
glîn(n) n. “gleam, glint”
glinn n. “*song” see lind¹
glintha- v. “to glance (at)”
#glóriel adj. “golden”
#glórin adj. “golden”
gloss adj. “(dazzling) white; snow-white”
glosui adj. “snow white”
go- pref. “together, co-, com-”
gobel n. “village (walled), town (enclosure)”
goe n. “terror, great fear”
goeol adj. “*fell, terrible, dire”
#gohena- v. “*to forgive”
golas n. “foliage, collection of leaves”
golass n. “foliage, collection of leaves” see golas
Golodh [ñg-] n. “one of the wise folk, Noldo”
golodh [ñg-] n. “lore-master, sage”
goloth n. “inflorescence, collection of flowers”
-gon suf. “lord, prince”
gond n. “stone, rock”
gonn n. “stone, rock” see gond
gor [ñg-] n. “horror, dread, fear”
gor-¹ pref. “hard, difficult”
gor-² v. “to warn, urge”
gorbedui adj. “only to be said with horror or grief, lamentable to tell”
gordh adj. “difficult, laborious”
gorgor [ñg-] n. “extreme horror, terror, haunting fear”
gorn¹ [ñg-] adj. “revered”
gorn² adj. “hard, stiff, thrawn”
gornodui adj. “hard to count”
gorog n. “horror”
goroth [ñg-] n. “horror, dread”
#gorth¹ [ñg-] n. “dead (person)”
gorth² [ñg-] n. “horror” see goroth
gorthad [ñg-] n. “wraith, spirit of Dead”
gorthob [ñg-] adj. “horrible”
govan- v. “to meet, come to same place”
graug n. “demon, powerful hostile and terrible creature” see raug
graw n. “bear”
grod n. “large excavation, delving, underground dwelling” see groth
groga- v. “to feel terror”
grond adj. and n. “weighty, ponderous; club”
groth n. “large excavation, delving, underground dwelling”
gruitha- v. “to terrify”
gûl [ñg-] n. “black arts, sorcery, magic; †(secret) knowledge”
guldur [ñg-] n. “black arts, sorcery”
gûr n. “heart (inner mind)”
gurgof n. “traitor”
gurth [ñg-] n. “death”
guru [ñg-] n. “death (abstract)”
guruthos [ñg-] n. “death-horror, shadow of death”
gwa- pref. “together, co-, com-” see go-
#gwae- v. “to go [depart]”
gwael n. “?wind”
#gwaen adj. “stained”
gwaeren adj. “windy”
Gwaeron n. “March, *Windy-one”
gwae(w) n. “wind”
#gwahae adj. “*far away”
#gwain¹ adj. “young, *new”
gwain² adj. “fair-haired (yellow to golden)”
gwaith n. “people; region”
gwân adj. “pale, fair”
gwanunig n. “a twin”
gwath n. “shadow, dim light”
gwathra- v. “to overshadow, dim, veil, obscure”
gwathren adj. “shadowy, dim”
#gwathui adj. “*shadowy”
gwâw n. “breeze[?]” see hwâ
gwê n. “living creature”
gwein adj. “young” see #gwain¹
gwend n. “maiden”
gweneth n. “maidenhood, virginity”
gweth n. “*report”
gwîn n. “youth”
gwing n. “foam, spray”
gwinig n. “little-one, baby”
Gwirith n. “April, *Freshness”
hadhma- v. “to seat” see hadhwa-
Hadhod n. “Dwarf”
hadhro n. “?doctor, leech”
hadhwa- v. “to seat”
hadro n. “?doctor, leech” see hadhro
hae adj. “far, very far away”
haedh n. “fenced enclosure”
haer adj. “remote”
haered n. “remoteness, remote distance”
#han pron. “that”
hanar n. “brother”
harad n. “south”
harn adj. “south, southern”
harvo n. “left hand, left side”
hathol n. “axe; broadsword-blade, axe-blade”
haudh n. “(funeral) mound, grave; heap, piled mound”
hawn n. “brother”
#heb- v. “to keep”
heledh n. “glass”
hen n. “eye”
hên n. “child”
henneth n. “window”
#herdir n. “master”
heruin n. “lady”
heryn n. “lady”
adv. “now”
#hîl n. “heir”
him¹ adj. and adv. “steadfast, abiding; enduring, continually”
him² adj. “cool”
hin adv. “now” see
hîr n. “lord, master”
híril n. “lady”
hîth n. “mist”
hithlain n. “mist-thread”
hithren adj. “grey”
Hithui n. “November, *Misty-one”
#hithui adj. “misty”
(h)law n. “flood” see (h)lô
(h)lô n. “flood, fenland”
hollen adj. “closed, shut”
honeg n. “brother (diminutive)”
honig n. “brother (diminutive)” see honeg
hoth n. “host, horde”
n. “spirit, shadow”
huorn n. “?Spirit Tree”
hwâ n. “breeze[?]”
hwaewar n. “breeze[?]” see hwâ
-i suf. “adjectival suffix”
article. “the”
pron. “who, that”
n. “chasm, pit, void, abyss; gulf”
#iach n. “ford”
-ian(d) suf. “-land”
iand adj. “wide” see iaun
iant n. “bridge”
iâth n. “fence”
iaun adj. “wide, extensive, large, roomy, vast, huge”
iaur adj. “old; ancient, olden”
iavas n. “autumn”
íd adv. “extremely, very”
îdh n. “rest, repose, peace, tranquility”
ídhra- v. “to long for, desire”
idi(r) pron. “they, 3rd pl. pronoun” see ent
-iel¹ suf. “feminine suffix; daughter”
#-iel² suf. “adjective suffix”
-iel³ suf. “perfective-participle”
-ien suf. “feminine ending”
îf n. “cliff, sheer descent”
ifant adj. see *iphant
-ig suf. “diminutive/singular ending” see -eg¹
-il suf. “feminine suffix”
il adj. “*all”
ilaurui adj. “*daily”
im¹ pron. “I, I myself; reflexive, self(same)”
im² prep. “between”
im³ n. “valley; dell, deep vale”
imlad n. “deep valley, narrow valley with steep sides, gap, gully”
imrad n. “path or pass between mountains or trackless forest, (lit.) *valley path”
imrath n. “long narrow valley with road or watercourse running through it lengthwise, (lit.) *valley course”
în¹ n. “year”
în² pron. “his, *reflexive possessive = his own”
ind n. “some particular purpose or intention of an individual; heart”
ínias n. “annals”
inib num. card. “*twelve” see yneb
inn n. “some particular purpose or intention of an individual” see ind
innas n. “*will”
ion n. “son”
-ion¹ suf. “-son”
-ion² suf. “-region, -land”
*iphant adj. “*aged”
îr adj. “*alone” see air
-ir suf. “past of intransitive verbs”
ir conj. “?when”
î(r) pron. “impersonal plural pronoun”
írui adj. “desirable, lovely”
is pron. “he, she, it, 3rd sg. pronoun” see est¹
ith pron. “they, 3rd pl. pronoun” see ent
Ithil n. “Moon”
ithildin n. “magical alloy that glows in moonlight, (lit.) moon-star”
ithron n. “Wizard”
Ivanneth n. “September, *Yavanna-ness”
#laba- v. “to hop”
lach n. “(leaping) flame”
#lacha- v. “to flame”
lad n. “plain, valley”
#laden adj. “flat”
laeg adj. “(fresh and) green, viridis”
laer¹ n. “summer”
laer² n. “song”
laew adj. “fresh”
laich adj. “sweet”
#lain n. “thread, warp, ‽twine”
#lala- v. “to laugh”
lalaith n. “laughter”
lam n. “(physical) tongue; language”
#lamm n. “echo”
?lamma- v. “to echo”
lammad n. “*echoing”
lammen adj. “of tongue, spoken with tongue”
lanc¹ adj. “naked”
lanc² adj. “sharp edge (not of tools), sudden end”
#land adj. “wide, broad”
lang n. “passage; neck”
#lann adj. “wide, broad” see #land
lanthir n. “waterfall”
lass n. “leaf”
lasta- v. “to listen, give ear”
laudh n. “gluttonous eating”
lavan n. “animal”
le pron. “thee, you (polite)”
lebdas n. “index finger”
lebed n. “thumb”
leben num. card. “five”
lebenedh n. “middle finger”
lebent n. “fourth finger”
leber n. “finger”
lebethron n. “Gondorian hardwood, (lit.) *finger tree”
lebig n. “little finger”
lefnui num. ord. “fifth”
#legol adj. “[Ilk.] nimble, active, running free”
leich adj. “sweet” see laich
#leithia- v. “to release”
leithian n. “release from bondage”
lembas n. “waybread”
lest n. “girdle”
leutha- v. “to pick (up/out)”
levnui num. ord. “fifth” see lefnui
leweg n. “worm”
lhach n. “leaping flame” see lach
lhaw n. “ears (of one person)” see lheweg
lheweg n. “ear”
lhoer n. “venom, poison(ousness)”
lhoew n. “poison(ous substance)”
lhôn n. “noise”
lhûg n. “snake, serpent, reptile, worm”
n. “people (of one kind or origin)”
#lif n. “link”
lim¹ adj. “quick, swift”
#lim² adj. “clear, sparkling”
lín pron. “*thy”
lîn n. “pool, mere”
lind¹ n. “song, chant, singing; singer”
#lind² adj. “fair”
linn n. “song, chant” see lind¹
linna- v. “to sing, chant”
linnod n. “type of poem, (lit.) ?seven-chant”
#lîr n. “line”
#lisg n. “reed”
?liss adj. “fragrant”
lissuin n. “a fragrant flower”
lith n. “ash”
lithui adj. “ashen, ashy, of ash”
n. “flood, fenland” see (h)lô
loeg n. “pool” see Nan. loeg
loen adj. “soaking wet, swamped”
lond n. “(land-locked) haven”
lonn n. “(land-locked) haven” see lond
#lonnas n. “harbourage”
los n. “snow” see loss
loss n. “snow”
lossen adj. “snowy”
#lost adj. “empty”
loth n. “flower; inflorescence, head of small flowers”
lotheg n. “single flower”
Lothron n. “May, *Flower-ness”
loven adj. “echoing”
luin adj. “blue”
#luithia- v. “to quench”
#lung adj. “heavy”
lûth n. “inflorescense, mass of flowers (on one plant)”
lŷg n. “snake”
ma interj. “good, excellent, that’s right”
mâb n. “hand”
mad- v. “to eat”
madha n. “mud”
madu ? “[unglossed]” see maud
madweg adj. “gluttonous”
mae adv. and adj. “well; excellent, admirable”
maecheneb adj. “sharp-eye[d]”
maed¹ adj. “shapely”
maed² adj. “handy, skillful, skilled”
maeg adj. “sharp, piercing”
mael adj. “well”
maelig n. “wealth, abundance”
maen n. “a treasure”
maer adj. “good, excellent, fair”
maeron n. “artist, poet”
maeth n. “management”
maetha- v. “to handle, manage, wield, use, treat, deal with”
maew n. “gull”
mâf n. “pile or mass of rock or earth”
#magor n. “swordsman”
main adj. “prime, chief, pre-eminent”
mallen adj. “golden, of gold”
mallorn n. “gold tree”
mallos n. “golden flower”
malt n. “gold (as metal)”
man pron. “*what”
maud ? “[unglossed]”
maw n. “hand”
?mêd(h) adj. “[Ilk.] wet”
medui adj. “end, final, last”
megil n. “sword, longsword”
megr adj. “sharp-pointed”
mein num. ord. “first”
#mel- v. “to love”
mell adj. “dear, beloved”
mellon n. “friend”
melui adj. “lovely, sweet”
#men- v. “to go”
men¹ pron. “us”
men² n. “road”
#meneg num. card. “thousand”
menel n. “the heavens, firmanent, region of the stars”
mereth n. “feast, festival”
meril n. “rose”
#meth adj. “last”
methed n. “end”
mi prep. “*in” see vi
mîdh n. “dew”
milbar n. “beloved dwelling, dear home”
mín pron. “our”
mîn prep. “between”
min¹ n. “peak”
min² num. card. “one”
minas n. “tower, fort, city (with a citadel and central watch tower)”
minib num. card. “eleven”
minlamad n. “?alliteration, (lit.) first-echoing”
minna- v. “to go in, enter”
minui num. ord. “first”
minuial n. “(dawn) twilight”
mîr n. “jewel, precious thing, treasure”
#mírdan n. “jewel smith”
míria- adj. “to sparkle like jewels”
mirian n. “Gondorian coin”
míriel adj. “sparkling like jewels”
miruvor n. “a special wine or cordial”
mith adj. “grey, light grey, pale grey”
#mithren adj. “grey”
mithril n. “Moria-silver, true-silver”
molif n. “wrist, (lit.) hand-link”
môr n. and adj. “dark(ness)”
#morchant n. “dark shape, shadow cast by light”
morgul n. “black arts, sorcery, necromancy”
morn adj. and n. “black, dark; night”
moth n. “dusk”
muil n. and adj. “drear[iness]”
*mûl n. “slave”
mund n. “bull”
#mŷl n. “gull”
#na- v. “to be”
na¹ prep. “to, towards, at”
na² prep. “with, by; of”
nadha n. “fetter”
naedh n. “a wounding, a wound”
naer adj. “dreadful, horrible, unendurable; sad, lamentable”
naergon n. “woeful lament”
naeth n. “woe”
nail num. ord. “third”
naith n. “angle, spearhead, gore, wedge, narrow prominitory”
nalla n. “call”
#nalla- v. “to cry”
nan prep. “of” see na²
nan(d) n. “vale, valley”
Narbeleth n. “October, Sun-fading, Sun-waning”
narch adj. “bitter-biting”
narn n. “tale, saga”
#narthan n. “beacon”
Narwain n. “January, (lit.) *New Fire”
natha- v. “to bring help to, save, rescue”
nathal n. “guest”
naub n. “thumb”
naug adj. and n. “dwarf(ed), stunted; dwarf”
naur n. “fire”
naw adj. “hollow”
ned n. “first”
neder num. card. “nine”
#nedia- v. “to count”
nedrui num. ord. “ninth”
nef prep. “hither, on this (the speaker’s) side of; (more loosely) beyond”
negen adj. “sharp, angular”
#neitha- v. “to wrong, deprive”
neithan n. “one deprived, exile whose rights and goods have been confiscated”
nêl num. card. “three” see neledh
nelchaenen num. ord. “*thirtieth”
neldor n. “beech”
neledh num. card. “three”
nelui num. ord. “third”
nen n. “water, lake”
nerthui num. ord. “ninth”
ness n. “headland”
neth n. “sister (diminutive); (little) girl”
netheg n. “girl (diminutive)” see nethig
nethel n. “sister”
nethig n. “sister, girl (diminutive)”
niben adj. “petty, *small”
nidh n. “full vigorous purpose, exertion of will”
nidh- v. “to will”
nîdh n. “juice; honeycomb”
nidha- v. “to be determined to”
niged n. “little finger”
#-nil suf. “friend, lover” see #-dil
nim adj. “white”
nimp¹ adj. “pale, pallid, white”
nimp² adj. “small and frail”
nimras n. “white-horn”
nin pron. “me”
nín pron. “my”
nîn¹ adj. “wet”
#nîn² n. “tear”
ninglor n. “golden water-flower”
ninniach n. “rainbow”
Nínui n. “February, *Watery”
niphred n. “pallor”
niphredil n. “white flower (similar to a snowdrop); (lit.) pale point”
nirnaeth n. “lamentation, tears”
nîth n. “sister”
nobad n. “thumb and index finger as a pair, (lit.) *pickers”
#nod- v. “to count”
Nogon n. “[Greater] Dwarf” see Nogoth
Nogoth n. “[Greater] Dwarf”
nor- v. “to run (or leap) of animals or men”
nordh n. “oak”
#norn adj. and n. “hard; dwarf”
north n. “riding, race (of people running), charge or gallop”
northa- v. “to make run”
Nórui n. “June, *Fiery”
nos(s) n. “family, kindred, clan, house; race, tribe, people”
nost n. “house, family” see nos(s)
nothlir n. “folk, family” see Ed. nothlir
-nt suf. “past of transitive verbs”
nu prep. “under”
nuitha- v. “to stunt, prevent from coming to completion, stop short, not allow to continue”
-o suf. “imperative”
o prep. “from, of”
ochui num. ord. “seventh” see othui
odo num. card. “seven” see odog
odog num. card. “seven”
odothui num. ord. “seventh” see othui
#oel adj. “cool”
oer adj. “nasty”
oew n. “an evil deed”
#-og suf. “singular suffix”
ogol adj. “bad, evil, wrong; gloom(y)”
ogron n. “wicked or evil person”
-ol suf. “continuative participle”
-on¹ suf. “masculine suffix”
-on² suf. “augmentative suffix”
-on(d) suf. “-region, -land” see -ion²
#onnen adj. “born”
Onod n. “Ent”
#-or suf. “agental suffix”
or- pref. “-day”
Oraeron n. “Sea-day, *Thursday”
Oranor n. “(lit.) *Sun-day, Sunday”
Orbelain n. “*Day of the Valar, Friday”
orch n. “Orc”
orchal adj. “tall”
Orgaladh n. “Day of the Tree, *Tuesday”
Orgaladhad n. “Day of the Two Trees, *Tuesday”
Orgilion n. “*Star-day, Saturday”
Orithil n. “*Moon-day, Monday”
Ormenel n. “*Heavens-day, Wednesday”
orn n. “(tall) tree”
orod n. “mountain”
orodben n. “mountaineer, one living in the mountains”
oroth n. “rage”
#ortha- v. “to raise”
orthad n. “*rising”
os prep. “*about”
-os suf. “augmentative suffix” see -oth
ost n. “fort(ress), stronghold, enclosure; city, town (with wall round)”
-oth suf. “augmentative suffix”
oth- pref. “[wrong] with a bad sense”
othgar(ed) n. “doing wrong, *wrong doing”
othgarn n. “misdeed”
othol n. “stranger, guest”
othrond n. “underground stronghold”
othui num. ord. “seventh”
pad- v. “to step, walk”
pâd n. “a step (action); track, road; ford”
padra- v. “to walk”
pae num. card. “ten”
paean num. card. “ten” see pae
paenui num. ord. “tenth”
paeth n. “speech”
palan adv. “afar, abroad, far and wide”
palan-díriel n. “far-gazer”
palan-tîriel n. “*far-gazer” see palan-díriel
#pan adj. “all”
#pant adj. “full”
paran adj. “bare, naked; smooth, shaven”
parch adj. “naked (of persons)”
parth n. “field, enclosed grassland, sward”
paur n. “fist, closed hand”
ped- v. “to say, speak”
pedweg adj. “talkative, saying a lot”
#pel- v. “to fade, wane”
#pêl n. “fenced field”
#peleth n. “fading, waning”
pen- v. “to have not”
pen¹ prep. and pref. “without, lacking, -less”
pen² n. “one, somebody, anybody”
penbed adj. “not pronouncable”
pend n. and adj. “slope, (steep) incline, hill side, declivity; sloping (down), steeply inclined”
penedh n. “Elf”
pengolodh n. “teaching sage, teacher of lore”
penna- v. “to come down (in a slant), fall”
pennod adj. “without count”
pennoediad adj. “innumerable”
#per- pref. “half”
Perian n. “Halfling, Hobbit”
peth n. “word”
pethron n. “reciter, speaker, narrator, minstrel”
#pîn adj. “little”
pind n. “crest, ridge”
pirin n. “flower that opened and shut quickly with any change of light”
plad n. “palm, flat of the hand”
#po prep. “*on”
*porog n. “fowl (domestic)”
-ra suf. “many Sindardin adverbs end in [this]”
#râd n. “path, track, pass”
raeda- v. “to catch in a net”
raef n. “net”
raen¹ adj. “netted, enlaced”
raen² adj. “smiling, gracious, sweet-faced”
raew n. “net” see raef
raich n. “wain” see rasg
rain n. “erratic wandering”
raitha- v. “to try, strive” see reitha-
ram n. “wall”
rammas n. “great wall”
randir n. “wanderer, pilgrim”
rant n. “course, water-channel; lode, vein”
#raph n. “?rope”
rasg n. “wain, *wagon”
rass n. “horn”
ras(t) n. “cape, shore”
rath n. “street; course, river-bed”
raud¹ adj. “lofty, noble, eminent, high, tall, excellent”
#raud² n. “metal”
raug n. “demon, powerful hostile and terrible creature”
#Raun n. “Moon”
ravaed adj. “skillful”
raw¹ n. “wing”
*raw² n. “lion”
reitha- v. “to try, strive”
rem n. “mesh, net (for catching)”
remmen adj. “entangled, meshed, netted, woven”
#-ren suf. “adjective suffix”
#rest n. “*cut”
reth n. “*climber”
reth- v. “to remain in same place, *endure”
#rhach n. “curse”
rhae adj. “easy”
rhaed n. “peculiar hue, (special) fashion”
rhanc adj. “awkward, hard”
rhaw¹ adj. “wild, untamed”
rhaw² n. “flesh”
rhîd n. “peculiar hue, (special) fashion” see rhaed
rhîw n. “winter”
rhond n. “body”
#rhosc adj. “russet”
rhovan n. “wilderness; wild beast”
rhu- pref. “evil-”
rhû¹ n. “evil, wicked”
rhû² n. “matter”
rhudol adj. “unwelcome”
rhugar n. “evil deed”
rhugarol adj. “wicked, doing evil”
rhûn n. “east”
rhúnen adj. “eastern”
n. “wreath, garland; crown”
#rían n. “queen, (lit.) crowned-lady”
rîdh n. “sown field”
-riel suf. “crowned maiden”
#rîf n. “bark”
-rim suf. “collective or group plural”
rim n. “host, great number, people (of one kind or origin)”
rîn n. “remembrance”
ring adj. “cold, chill”
riss n. and adj. “cleft, cloven, separate”
roch n. “horse”
rochben n. “rider”
rochir n. “knight, horse-lord”
rochon n. “rider” see rochben
rodel n. “lady, high lady”
Rodon n. “Vala”
Rodyn n. “alternate name of the last day of the Eldarin six-day week”
rohir n. “knight” see rochir
rom n. “horn, trumpet”
#-(r)on suf. “agental suffix”
ron adj. “smoothed by polishing”
rond n. “(vaulted or arched) roof; vaulted chamber or cavern; heavens [as a roof of the world]”
ross¹ n. “rain; foam, spindrift, spray”
ross² adj. “red-haired, copper-coloured”
#rost adj. “rainy”
roval adj. and n. “winged; pinion, great wing (of an eagle)”
rûdh n. “bald”
ruin n. and adj. “red flame; fiery red”
ruist n. “fireplace, hearth”
rûn n. “east” see rhûn
rusc n. “fox”
rust n. “copper”
rustui adj. “copper”
rûth n. “anger, wrath”
ruthra- v. “to rage”
#sabar n. “delving”
sad n. “place, spot”
sadar n. “trusty follower, loyal companion” see sadron
sâdh n. “sward, turf”
sador adj. “steadfast, trusty, loyal”
sadron n. “trusty follower, loyal companion”
#sael adj. “wise”
said adj. “private, separate, not common, excluded”
#sam n. “chamber”
sammar n. “*neighbor”
sant n. “garden, field, yard”
sarch n. “Grave”
sarn n. and adj. “(small) stone, pebble; stony (place)”
saur adj. “bad (of food), putrid”
#sav- v. “to have”
saw n. “filth, putrescence”
seidia- v. “to set aside, appropriate to a special purpose or owner”
sell n. “*daughter”
sen pron. “this”
#send n. “?rest”
sennas n. “guesthouse”
sennui adv. “?rather, instead”
sereg n. “blood”
seregon n. “plant with red flowers, (lit.) blood of stone”
serni n. “shingle, pebble bank”
seron n. “lover”
adv. “here”
sigil n. “necklace”
#síla- v. “*to shine”
silef n. and adj. “(white) crystal; silver, shining white”
silevren adj. “like silef (crystal)” see silivren
silivren adj. “(white) glittering”
sí(r) adv. “now” see
sír n. “*today, this day”
sîr n. “river, stream”
sirith n. “flowing”
sui prep. “*as”
#suila- v. “to greet”
suilad n. “greeting”
#suilanna- v. “to greet, *give greeting”
sûl n. “wind”
tachol n. “brooch, clasp, pin”
tâd num. card. “two”
#tad-dal adj. “two-legged”
tadui num. ord. “second”
#taeg n. “boundary, limit, boundary line”
taer adj. “lofty”
#tagol n. “post, mark”
taid adj. “supporting, second in command”
taith n. “mark, sign, symbol, stroke”
tâl n. “foot; [lower] end”
talan n. “flet, flat space, platform (in a tree)”
talath n. “flat lands, plain; flat surface, plane”
talf n. “wang, flat field, topographical flat area”
#talraph n. “stirrup”
#tân n. “builder, smith, wright, artificer”
tarch adj. “stiff, rough (or tough)”
tarlang adj. “proud, obstinate, (lit.) stiff-necked”
tas n. “index finger”
tathar n. “willow (tree)”
tathren adj. “of willow”
taug adj. “firm, strong, (?withstand)”
taur n. “forest, wood”
tauron n. “forester”
tavn n. “a thing made by handicraft”
taw n. “wood as material”
taw³ adv. “thither”
tawar n. “forest”
tawen adj. “wood (of material), *wooden (of make)”
tegil n. “pen”
teitha- v. “to write, draw, inscribe, make marks or signs”
#ten pron. “*it, passive voice marker”
têw n. “letter”
tewch n. “(?chip)”
-th suf. “gerund, abstract noun”
tha- v. “?to become”
thalion n. “hero, dauntless man; ⚠️[ᴱN.] warrior”
#thanc adj. and n. “forked”
#thand n. “shield”
thang n. “oppression, pressure; compulsion, duress, need”
thangail n. “shield-fence, shield-wall”
thar prep. “across, athwart, over”
tharan adj. “vigorous”
thaur adj. “abominable, horrible”
thel- v. “to intend, mean, purpose, resolve, will”
then pron. “*this” see sen
thenn adj. “short” see thent
thent adj. “short”
theria- v. “to be vigorous, flourish”
thî adv. “now” see
thind adj. “grey”
thinn adj. “grey” see thind
thîr n. “face, look, expression, countenance”
thôl n. “helmet, helm”
thôn n. “pine-tree”
thond n. “root; base, root-word”
thoniel adj. “kindler (in the past)”
thorn¹ adj. “steadfast”
thorn² n. “eagle” see thoron
thoron n. “eagle”
thoss n. “fear”
thû n. “horrible darkness, black mist; stench”
thurin adj. “secret, hidden”
#ti pron. “*them”
till n. “point, spike, (sharp) horn, tine, ending”
tin n. “spark, sparkle (of stars)”
#tîn¹ pron.
tîn² adj. “silent, quiet” see dîn
tínen adj. “silent” see dínen
#tinnu n.
#tir- v. “to look (towards), watch (over), guard”
#tíra- v. “to see”
tiria- v. “to watch, gaze; to ward, guard”
tirith n. “watching, guarding, watch, ward, guard”
#tirnen adj. “guarded”
tîw n. “*letter” see têw
tol n. “island, (high steep-sided) isle”
#tol- v. “to come”
tolch n. “*sticker-up” see toleg
toleg n. “*sticker-up”
tolhui num. ord. “eighth” see tollui
tollui num. ord. “eighth”
tolod num. card. “eight” see tolodh
tolodh num. card. “eight”
#tolothen num. ord. “eighth”
tolthui num. ord. “eighth” see tollui
tor n. “the Dead”
torech n. “(secret) hole, lair, excavation”
torn¹ n. “burial mound”
torn² adj. “hidden, secret”
Torog n. “Troll”
trunc n. “great stake”
#tuil n. “spring”
tum n. “valley”
tûr n. “master”
-u suf. “a person or being”
ú- pref. “no, not, negative; impossible”
û adv. and interj. “no, not”
úbedui adj. “not fit to say, unspeakable”
úgarol adj. “not now doing or making, idling”
#úgarth n. “trespass, (lit.) *misdeed”
-ui suf. “-ful, having quality, adjectival”
ui adv. “ever”
#ui- pref. “twi-”
uial n. “twilight, evendim”
uilos n. “flowers like ‘white stars’”
?uir adj. “*fiery”
úland adj. “narrow, (lit.) not broad” see úlan(n)
úlan(n) adj. “narrow, (lit.) not broad”
uluithiad adj. “unquenchable”
ungol n. “spider”
únodui adj. “countless”
*ûr n. “fire”
urug (urcu-) n. “bogey”
Urui n. “August, *Hot-one”
úthaes n. “inducement to do wrong, *temptation”
úvelui adj. “not amiable, unloveable”
vanedhel adj. “elven fair” see wanedhel
vi prep. “in”
wanedhel adj. “elven fair”
wá(wa) n. “breeze[?]” see hwâ
-we suf. “*name suffix” see -weg
-weg suf. “person, being, individual; active in doing”
ylf n. “drinking-vessel”
yneb num. card. “*twelve”
ýneg num. card. “twelve”