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Sindarin Words

The Sindarin words presented here are drawn from a large number of sources, both before and after The Lord of the Rings. This list also includes a number of Noldorin words from the 1930s and 1940s; words that are attested only as Noldorin and not Sindarin are marked [N.]. In a few cases, earlier Noldorin words have been “Sindarinized” to fit the phonetic rules of later Sindarin; those words are marked with a ^. The Sindarizations presented here are mostly based on those appearing in Hiswelókë’s Sindarin Dictionary (HSD).


-a, suf. “old genitive suffix”
, conj. “and”
, interj. “O!”
*ab, prep. “after”
ablad, n. “prohibition, refusal”
ach¹, n. “neck”
ach², conj. “*but”
achad, n. “rock ridge, neck (geographically)”
achar-, v.to do back, react, requite, avenge
acharn, n. “vengeance, (an act of) revenge”
*-ad, suf. “noun-suffix”
*ad-, pref. “back, again, re-”
[N.] ada, n. “daddy, father (hypocoristic)”
[N.] adab, n. “building, house”
Adan, n. “Man (as a race)”
adaneth, n. “(mortal) woman”
adar, n. “father”
adbed-, v. “to rephrase”
[N.] adel, prep. “behind, in rear (of)”
*adertha-, v. “to reunite”
aderthad, n. “reuniting”
adh, conj. “and” see
[N.] ^adlanna-, v. “to slope, slant”
[N.] ^adlant, adj. “oblique, slanted”
[N.] †#adleg-, v. “*to release”
[N.] ^adlod, adj. “sloping, tilted”
adu, adj. “double”
aduial, n. “(evening) twilight”
advir, n. “heirloom”
ae, interj. “O!” see
*aeg, n. and adj. “point, peak; sharp, pointed, piercing”
[N.] ^aegas, n. “mountain peak”
*aeglir, n. “range of mountain peaks”
aeglos, n. “snowthorn; icicle”
*ael, n. “lake, pool”
aen, adv. “?be it that”
aer, adj. “*hallowed, holy”
aerlinn, n. “*hymn, (lit.) holy song”
[N.] aes, n. “cooked food, meat”
aew, n. “(small) bird”
*aewen, adj. “of birds”
*agar, n. “blood”
aglar, n. “glory, brilliance, splendour, radiance”
aglareb, adj. “glorious, brilliant”
aglor, adj. “brilliant, glorious”
[N.] agor, adj. “narrow”
ah, conj. “and” see
ahamar, n. “*neighbor” see sammar
ai¹, interj. “hail!”
ai², rel-pron. “*those who”
air, adj. “lonely”
[N.] ^aith, n. “spear-point”
al-¹, pref. “no, not”
al-², pref. “well, happily”
alae, interj. “?behold”
alaf, n. “elm”
[N.] alag, adj. “rushing, impetuous”
[N.] alagos, n. “storm of wind”
albeth, n. “(word of) good omen”
alf, n.flower
alfirin, adj. and n. “immortal, (lit.) not dying; a species of flower”
alph, n. “swan”
^alu, adj. “wholesome”
alwed, n. “prosperous, fortunate”
*am, adv. “up”
[N.] am-, pref. “snake”
amar, n. “world, the Earth, (lit.) settlement”
amarth, n. “fate, doom”
amartha-, v. “to define, decree, destine”
[N.] ambenn, adv. “uphill”
amdir, n. “hope (based on reason), (lit.) looking up”
amloth, n. “uprising flower”
[N.] amlug, n. “dragon”
amon, n. “hill”
amrûn, n. “sunrise, east, (lit.) of the uprising”
an, prep. “to, for”
?an-¹, pref. “intensive prefix”
[N.] an-², pref. “with, by”
anann, adv. “(for) long”
[N.] anc, n. “jaw, row of teeth”
and, adj. “long”
andaith, n. “long-mark”
[N.] ^andrann, n. “cycle, age, (lit.) long cycle”
andreth, adj. “long-suffering, patience”
ang, n. “iron”
angerthas, n. “runic alphabetic, (lit.) long rune-rows”
#anglenna-, v. “to approach”
[N.] †angol¹, n. “deep lore, magic”
[N.] angol², n. “stench” see ongol
[N.] angos, n. “horror”
angren, adj. “of iron”
[N.] angwedh, n. “chain, fetter, (lit.) iron-bond”
#aníra-, v. “to desire”
ann, n. “gift”
#anna-, v. “to give, †add to”
[N.] annabon, n. “elephant”
annon, n. “(great) gate, door”
annui, adj. “west[ern]”
annûn, n. “sunset, west; (lit.) going down”
Anor, n. “Sun”
-ant, suf. “3rd person past tense”
[N.] ant, n. “gift”
[N.] ^anu, n. and adj. “male (person or animal)”
anw, n. “gift” see ann
anwar, adj. “awe”
aphad-, v. “to follow”
aphadon, n. “follower”
[N.] ^apharch, adj. “arid, very dry”
aphed-, v.to answer
ar-, pref. “without; outside; ?by, beside”
ar(a)-, pref. “noble, royal, high”
[N.] arad, n. “daytime, a day”
aran, n. “king, lord, chief”
aranarth, n.*kingdom
aras, n. “deer”
*ardhon, n. “province” see ?gardhon
arnad, n. “*kingdom”
arnediad, adj. “unnumbered, without reckoning, countless”
[N.] arnen, n. “?royal”
arnoediad, adj. “unnumbered, without reckoning”
arod, adj. “noble”
arphen, n. “noble, knight”
arthor, n. “realm”
*-as, suf. “abstract noun”
[N.] ascar, adj. “violent, rushing, impetious” see asgar
[N.] asgar, adj. “violent, rushing, impetious”
?ast¹, n. “light or heat of the sun”
[N.] ast², n. “dust”
astor, n. “loyalty”
astorad, n. “loyalty”
-ath, suf. “class-plural (general)”
ath-¹, pref. “easily”
[N.] ath-², pref. “on both sides, across”
atha-, v. “will (future)”
athae, n. and adj. “?healing”
[N.] athan, prep. “beyond”
atheg, n. “(little) father; thumb”
athelas, n. “kingsfoil, a healing herb”
athgar, adj. “easy (easy to do)”
athgen, adj. “easily seen”
athra-¹, v. “to cross (to and fro)”
athra-², v. “to treat medically”
athrabeth, n. “conversation, debate, (lit.) interchange of words”
athrad, n. “ford, crossing”
[N.] #athrada-, v. “to cross, traverse”
athragared, n. “interaction”
aur, n. “(whole) day; sunlight”
auth¹, n. “dim shape, spectral or vague apparition”
[N.] auth², n. “war, battle”
#ava-, v. “will not, do not”
avad, n. “refusal, reluctance”
Avar, n. “refuser”
?avorn, adj. “[stead]fast”
avras, n. “precipice”
[N.] awarth, n. “abandonment”
[N.] awartha-, v. “to forsake”
[N.] bach [mb-], n. “article (for exchange), ware, thing”
[N.] bachor [mb-], n. “pedlar”
[N.] bâd, n. “beaten track, pathway”
[N.] *badh- [mb-], v. “to judge”
[N.] badhor [mb-], n. “judge”
[N.] badhron [mb-], n. “judge”
bain, adj. “fair, beautiful; good, wholesome, favorable”
Balan, n. “Vala, god”
balch, adj. “fierce, ferocious; cruel”
ban-, v.?to meet, come up against
band [mb-], n. “prison, custody, duress”
[N.] banga- [mb-], v. “to trade”
bar [mb-], n. “home, house, dwelling”
[N.] bara, adj. “fiery, eager”
barad¹, n. “tower, fortress”
[N.] barad² [mb-], n. “doomed”
[N.] baradh, adj. “steep”
baran, adj. “brown, golden-brown; swart, dark brown”
bardh [mb-], n. “home”
bardor [mb-], n. “home land, native land”
[N.] bartha- [mb-], v. “to doom”
barthan [mb-], n. “large (stone) dwelling”
[N.] basgorn [mb-], n. “loaf”
#bas(t) [mb-], n. “bread”
[N.] #batha-, v. “to trample”
bauda-, v. “to ban, prohibit, refuse” see boda-
[N.] baudh [mb-], n. “judgement”
[N.] baug [mb-], adj. “tyrannous, cruel, oppressive”
[N.] baugla- [mb-], v. “to oppress”
bauglir [mb-], n. “constrainer; tyrant, oppressor”
[N.] baul [mb-], n. “torment”
[N.] baur [mb-], n. “need”
baw, interj. “no, do not!”
*be, prep. “as, like”
belaith [mb-], adj. “mighty”
beleg, adj. “great, mighty, large, big”
[N.] bellas, n. “bodily strength”
[N.] belt, adj. “strong in body”
[N.] benn, n. “man, male”
[N.] bennas, n. “angle”
[N.] beren, adj. “bold”
bereth, n. and adj. “queen, spouse; supreme, sublime”
[N.] #beria-, v. “to protect”
[N.] #bertha-, v. “to dare”
besain [mb-], n. “the Lady, breadgiver”
besoneth [mb-], n. “breadgiver” see besain
bess, n. “wife; woman”
[N.] #blab-, v. “to flap, beat (wings etc.)”
bo, prep. “*on”
boda-, v. “to ban, prohibit, refuse, forbid”
[N.] ^boe [mb-], v. “I must”
[N.] *^bond [mb-], adj. “snouted”
[N.] bôr, adj. and n. “steadfast; trusty man, faithful vassal”
born, adj. “hot, red”
[N.] both [mb-], n. “puddle, small pool”
bragol, adj. “sudden” see bregol
bragollach, n. “sudden flame; ?wild fire”
brand¹, adj. “towering, tall and massive, high; lofty, noble, fine”
brand², n. “steeple”
[N.] brannon, n. “lord”
brass¹, n. “great cliff”
[N.] brass², n. “white heat”
[N.] brassen, adj. “white-hot”
brasta-, v. “to tower up, loom”
[N.] breged, n. “violence, suddenness”
bregol, adj. “sudden, violent, *fierce”
[N.] bregolas, n. “fierceness”
[N.] breitha-, v. “to break out suddenly”
[N.] brenia-, v. “to endure”
[N.] brennil, n. “lady”
[N.] breth, n. “mast”
brethil¹, n. “silver-birch; beech”
brethil², n. “princess, (lit.) queen-daughter”
[Ilk.] ?bril [mb-], n. “glass, crystal”
brith, n. “gravel”
[Ilk.] ?brithon, adj. “pebbly”
[N.] brôg, n. “bear”
[N.] #brona-, v. “to last, survive”
[N.] bronadui, adj. “enduring, lasting”
[N.] bronwë, n. “endurance”
*brui, adj. “loud”
[N.] brûn, adj. “old (has long endured)”
budhu, n. “large fly”
[N.] #buia-, v. “to serve, hold allegiance to”
[N.] ^bund [mb-], n. “snout, nose, cape”
[N.] ^bŷr, n. “follower, vassal”
*cab-, v. “to leap”
cabed, n. “leap”
[N.] cabor, n. “frog”
*cad, adv. “*after”
cadhad, n. “dwarf”
Cadlaer, n. “July, *After-summer”
[N.] ^cadu, adj. “shaped, formed”
[N.] cadwor, adj. “shapely”
[N.] ^cae, n. “earth”
[N.] cael, n. “lying in bed, sickness”
[N.] caeleb, adj. “bedridden, sick”
caen, num. card. “ten”
caenui, num. ord.tenth
caer, ? “[unglossed]”
[N.] caew, n. “lair, resting-place”
?cáfru, n. “?flea”
cai, n. “hedge”
cail, n. “fence, palisade of spikes or sharp stakes”
cair, n. “ship”
#cal-, v. “to shine”
calad, n. “light, fire, brightness, shining”
calan, n. “day(light)”
calar, n. “(portable) lamp”
calardan, n. “lampwright”
calen, adj. “green; fresh, vigorous”
[N.] callon, n. “hero”
[N.] ^calph, n. “water-vessel”
cam, n. “(cupped) hand, holding hand; handful”
[N.] ^camlann, n. “palm of hand”
can-, v. “to cry out, shout, call”
canad, num. card. “four”
canath, n. “quarter”
[N.] ^cand, adj. “bold”
*cannas, n. “[abstract] shape”
*cant, n. “shape; outline”
canthui, num. ord. “fourth”
car-, v. “to do, make”
carab, n. “hat”
carach, n. “jaws, rows of teeth”
[N.] *caraes, n. “jagged hedge of spikes”
[N.] carag, n. “spike, tooth of rock”
caralluin, adj.*red-blue
caran, adj. “red”
caras, n. “circular earthwall with dike, fort surrounded by bulwarks; city (built above ground)”
carch, n. “fang, tooth”
[N.] car(dh), n. “house”
carfa-, v. “to talk, speak, use tongue”
*carn, n. “deed”
*carth, n. “deed”
carweg, adj. “active; busy”
*cast, n. “cape, headland”
castol, n. “helmet”
cathrae, n. “tressure, *net for containing hair”
caul, n. “great burden, affliction”
caun¹, n. “prince, chief, head”
caun², n. “outcry, clamour”
[N.] caun³, n. “valour”
[N.] caw, n. “top”
caw-, v. “to taste”
ceber, n. “stake, spike”
[N.] cef, n. “soil”
[N.] ^celair, adj. “brilliant”
celeb, n. “silver”
celebrin, adj. “like silver (in hue or worth)”
celeg, adj. “hasty; swift, agile”
[N.] celeth, n. “stream”
[N.] celevon, adj. “*of silver”
[Ilk.] ?celon, n. “river”
[N.] ^celu, n. “spring, source”
*cen-, v. “to see, perceive, look”
*cened, n. “looking”
cenedril, n. “mirror, looking-glass, (lit.) looking-crystal”
[N.] cennan, n. “potter”
[N.] cerch, n. “sickle”
[N.] ceredir, n. “doer, maker”
cerin, n. “circular mound, artificial hill; round enclosure”
certh, n. “rune”
certhas, n. “runes-rows, runic alphabet”
Cerveth, n. “July”
ceven, n. “*Earth”
[N.] cevn, adj. “of earth, earthen”
[N.] cevnas, n. “earthenware”
ci, pron. “thou”
cidinn, adj. “small”
[N.] cîl, n. “cleft, pass between hills, gorge”
cinnog, adj. “small”
[N.] ^círbann, n. “haven”
círdan, n. “shipbuilder”
cirith, n. “cleft, pass, ravine, defile”
cîw, adj. “fresh, new, renewed”
[N.] †claur, n. “splendour, glory”
côf, n.bay
*coll¹, n. “cloak”
coll², adj. “hollow”
[N.] coll³, adj. “red, scarlet”
condir, n. “mayor, (lit.) *chief-man”
cor, n. “ring”
[N.] corch, n. “crow”
cordof, n. “pippin, *(small red) apple”
[N.] corn, adj. “round, globed”
coron, n. “mound; globe, ball”
[N.] ^coru, adj. “cunning, wily”
[N.] cost, n. “quarrel”
*coth, n. “enemy, foe; enmity”
cova-, v. “to come together, meet; to gather, assemble”
covad-, v. “to bring together, make meet”
[N.] ^covn, n. “empty, void”
craban, n. “type of (large) crow, *raven”
[N.] crann, adj. and n. “ruddy (of face); face, blush, the cheeks”
criss, n. “cleft, cut, slash”
crist, n. “cleaver; sword”
[N.] #critha-, v. “to reap”
[N.] crom, adj. “left”
[N.] crum, n. “left hand”
[N.] crumguru, n. “wiley, sinister, guilty”
[N.] crumui, adj. “left-handed”
, n. “bow; arch, crescent”
*cûd, n. “foe”
[N.] cuen, n. “small gull, petrel, sea-bird”
[N.] cugu, n. “dove”
#cuia-, v. “to live”
[N.] cuil, n. “life”
[N.] cuin, adj. “alive”
#cuina-, v. “to be alive”
cûl, n. “load”
[N.] cum, n. “mound, heap”
[N.] cûn, adj. “bowed, bow-shaped, bent”
[N.] ^†cund, n. “prince”
[N.] ^cúron, n. “cresent moon”
curu, n. “skill (of the hand), craft; power, ability; cunning”
curunír, n. “wizard, man of craft”
cýra-, v. “to renew”
cýron, n. “new-moon”
cŷl, n. “*renewal”
cŷr, adj. “renewed”
-d, suf. “dual”
[N.] dad, adv. “down”
[N.] dadbenn, adv. “downhill, inclined, prone”
dadwen- [nd-], v. “to return, go back”
dae, n. “shadow”
daebeth [nd-], n. “blasphemy”
daedelos [nd-], n. “horrible fear”
[N.] daedelu, n. “canopy”
dael [nd-], n. “horror”
[N.] daen [nd-], n. “corpse”
daer¹, adj. “great, large”
daer² [nd-], adj. “dreadful, horrible, ghastly”
[N.] ^daer³ [nd-], n. “bridegroom”
[N.] dâf, n. “permission”
*dag- [nd-], v. “to slay”
dagnir [nd-], n. “slayer, bane”
dagor [nd-], n. “battle”
[N.] dagra- [nd-], v. “to battle”
dail, adj. “beautiful, fine, delicate, lovely”
dalath, n.plain, low lying/flat ground
[N.] dam [nd-], n. “a hammer”
[N.] damma- [nd-], v. “to hammer”
dan [nd-], prep. “back to, (back in return) against”
danbeth [nd-], n.*answer, (lit.) back-word
dandol- [nd-], v. “to return, come back”
dangar- [nd-], v. “to undo”
dangen [nd-], adj. “slain”
dangweth [nd-], n. “answer, (lit.) *back-report”
danna-, v. “to fall”
dannen¹ [nd-], n. “ebb, lowtide”
[N.] dannen², adj. “fallen”
dant, n. “*fall”
danwedh [nd-], n. “ransom”
#dar-, v. “to stop, halt”
[N.] dartha-, v. “to wait, stay, remain, last, endure”
[N.] dath, n. “hole, pit; steep fall, abyss”
[N.] daug [nd-], n. “warrior, soldier”
daur, n. “league; †stop, pause”
[N.] daw, n. “night-time, gloom”
de, pron. “thee/you”
del, n. “horror”
delch, adj.dense
[N.] deleb, adj. “horrible, abominable, loathsome”
[N.] delia-, v. “to conceal”
deloth, n. “abhorrence, detestation, loathing”
[N.] ^delu, adj. “hateful, deadly, fell”
delw, adj.thick (of a single thing)
[Ilk.] dem (dimb-), adj. “sad, gloomy”
dern, adj. “tough, thrawn”
[N.] **dess, n. “young woman”
dev- [nd-], v. “to try”
#dew-, v. “to fail, miss”
dha, ? “?”
[N.] † [nd-], n. “woman, bride, lady”
di¹ [nd-], prep. “beneath, under; in”
di², prep. “with”
#díhena-, v. “*to forgive”
*-dil, suf. “friend”
[N.] dîl, n. “stopper, stopping, stuffing”
[N.] #dilia-, v. “to stop (up)”
*dim, n. “stair”
dîn¹, n. and adj. “silence; silent, quiet”
[N.] dîn², n. “opening, gap, pass in mountains”
dínen, adj. “silent”
[N.] dineth [nd-], n. “bride”
dîr¹ [nd-], n. “man, adult male; agental suffix”
dîr², adj. “hard, difficult”
dirbedui, adj. “hard to utter, difficult to pronounce”
dírnaith [nd-], n. “wedge-shaped battle-formation, (lit.) man-spearhead”
[N.] dîs [nd-], n. “bride”
dolen, adj. “hidden”
dol(l), n. “head, hill”
[N.] doll [nd-], adj. “obscure, dark, dusky, hidden, secret”
[N.] dolt [nd-], n. “round knob, boss”
[N.] #doltha-, v. “to conceal”
dom, adj.blind
dond, n. “fist”
[N.] donn, adj. “swart, swarthy; shady, shadowy”
-dor, suf. “*king, lord”
dôr [nd-], n. “land”
dorn, adj. “tough, stiff, thrawn, obdurate”
[N.] doron, n. “oak”
[N.] dortha- [nd-], v. “to dwell, stay”
[N.] dost, ? “?brown/?burn”
[N.] ^dovn, adj. “gloomy”
[N.] dram, n. “heavy stroke, blow”
[N.] drambor, n. “clenched fist; blow with a fist”
draug, n. “wolf”
[N.] #drava-, v. “to hew”
[N.] ^dravn, n. “hewn log”
#drega-, v. “to flee”
*dring, n. “hammer”
[N.] dringa-, v. “to beat”
, n. “night, dimness; night-fall, late evening”
dúath, n. “night shadow”
duin, n. “(large) river”
duinen, n. “flood, high tide”
[N.] duirro, n. “*river-bank”
dúlin, n. “nightingale”
dûn [nd-], n. “west”
dûr [nd-], adj. “dark (with evil implications), gloomy, hellish”
[N.] dúven [nd-], n. “*western”
[N.] ^#duvu-, v. “to lie heavy”
dýgar, n. and adj. “mistaken act; doing a wrong thing”
dŷl, n. “mistake”
dŷr, adj. “mistaken, off point, not right”
e, pron. “he”
*eb, prep. “?before”
-eb, suf. “adjective suffix”
Eblaer, n. “June, ?Before-summer”
ech¹, pron. “?you, yourself (singular)”
[N.] ech², n. “spine”
echad, n. “camp”
echad-, v. “to make, fashion, form; (lit.) to shape out”
[N.] echain, adj. “new, built again”
#echil, n. “follower”
echor, n. and adj. “outer circle; encircling”
echui, n. “awakening”
echuir, n. “early Spring, (lit.) stirring”
[N.] ecthel, n. “?point (of spear)”
*-ed¹, suf. “gerund”
ed¹, prep. “out, out of”
-ed², suf. “3rd person singular possessive suffix”
ed², pron. “*it”
edaid, adj. “double”
[N.] eden, adj. “new, begun again”
Edhel, n. “Elf”
edhellen, adj. “elvish”
edhelvein, adj. “elven fair”
[N.] ^edinor, n. “anniversery day”
[N.] ^edledhia-, v. “to go into exile”
[N.] ^edledhron, n. “exile”
edlenn, adj. “exiled”
edlon, n. “outsider, stranger”
[N.] edonna-, v. “to beget”
edra-, v. “to open (out)”
[N.] ^edrain, n. “*outside the border”
edraith, n. “rescue, saving”
edregol, adv. “in especial”
edwen, num. ord. “second”
-eg, suf. “2nd person singular familiar possessive suffix”
[N.] êg, n. “thorn”
-egir, suf. “2nd person plural familiar possessive suffix”
eglan, adj. “forsaken”
#egleria-, v. “to glorify, praise”
[N.] egnas, n. “sharp point, peak”
ego, interj. “be off!”
egor, conj. “or”
[N.] eil-, v. “to be raining”
[N.] ^eiliant, n. “rainbow, (lit.) sky-bridge”
ein-, pref. “excellent, admirable”
einior, adj. “elder”
eirien, n. “daisy”
eitha-¹, v. “to prick with a sharp point, stab; to treat with scorn, insult”
eitha-², v. “to ease, assist”
eithad, n. “insult”
eithel, n. “source (of water), spring, well, fountain”
eithro, adv. “*also”
-el, suf. “2nd person singular polite possessive suffix”
êl, n. “star”
elanor, n. “a golden star-shaped flower, (lit.) sun-star”
Eledh, n. “Elf”
elia-, v. “to cause to prosper, bless (a work), help one”
-elir, suf. “2nd person plural polite possessive suffix”
Ell, n. “Elf”
Ellas, n. “Elf-maid”
Elleth, n. “Elf-maid”
Ellon, n. “Elf-man”
elloth, n. “single flower”
elo, interj. “behold!”
[N.] ^elu, adj. “(pale) blue”
emel, n. “mother”
emig, n. “(little) mother, *mommy”
-emir, suf. “1st person plural exclusive possessive”
[N.] emlin, n. “yellow bird, (lit.) yellow hammer”
*en-, v. “to name”
*-en¹, suf. “adjective suffix”
en¹, prep. “of the”
-en², suf. “my, 1st sg. poss. suffix”
en², pron. “1st sg pronoun”
enaid, adj. “central, middle”
-enc, suf. “our (inclusive), 1st pl. incl. poss. suffix”
enchui, num. ord. “sixth”
ened, n. “centre” see enedh
enedh, n. “center, middle; core”
eneg, num. card. “six”
eneth, n. “*name”
-engir, suf. “our (inclusive), 1st pl. incl. poss. suffix” see -enc
ennas, adv. “there”
[N.] ennin, n. “Valian year”
eno, adv. “*still”
-ent, suf. “their, 3rd pl. poss. suffix”
ent, pron. “3rd pl. pronoun”
ephed-, v. “to say out”
ephel, n. “outer fence, surrounding ring”
ephola-, v. “?to remember”
er, adj. “one, alone”
[N.] erch, n. “prickle”
[N.] ercha-, v. “to prick”
ereb, adj. “single, alone, lonely, isolated”
[N.] eredh, n. “seed, germ”
ereg, n. “holly, thorn”
[N.] eregdos, n. “holly, holly-tree”
[N.] #eria-, v. “to rise”
erin, ? “on the ... day”
[N.] eriol, adj. “single, alone”
ernil, n. “prince”
ero, adv. “*alone”
*ertha-, v. “to unite”
[N.] eru, n. “waste, desert”
eryn, n. “wood, forest (of trees)”
esbin, n. “thin thread, tress”
esgal, n. “veil, screen, hiding; cast shadow; roof of leaves”
est, pron. “3rd sg. pronoun”
#esta-, v. “to be called”
estel, n. “hope, trust”
esten(t), adj. “short”
estolad, n. “encampment”
-eth, suf. “feminine ending”
ethir¹, n. “mouth of a river, (lit.) outflow”
#ethir², n. “spy”
ethuil, n. “spring”
fae, n. “incarnate spirit”
[N.] ^faeg, adj. “mean, poor, bad”
*fael¹, n. and adj. “gleam of the sun; *gleaming”
fael², adj. “fair-minded, just, generous”
faer, n. “spirit (in general)”
fain, adj. and n. “white, shimmering, radiant; filmy, dimmed; apparition; cloud”
fair, adj. “quick, ready, prompt”
falas, n. “shore, beach, strand, surf(line)”
*falch, n. “cleft, ravine”
[N.] falf, n. “foam, breaker”
faloth, n. “large foamy wave”
[N.] #faltha-, v. “to foam”
fân, n. “veil, vision; (white) cloud”
fang, n. “beard”
^fanna-, v. “to veil, cloak”
fanui, adj. “cloudy, (lit.) having much cloud”
?fanwos, n. “mind-picture (of apparition in dream)”
[N.] far, adv. “sufficient, enough, quite”
[N.] #fara-, v. “to hunt”
faran, n. “rowan”
[N.] faras, n. “hunting”
[N.] farf, n. “?carpet”
[N.] farn, adj. “enough”
[N.] *faron, n. “hunter”
faroth, n. “?hunting, hunters”
[N.] fast, n. “shaggy hair”
faug, adj. “thirsty”
faw, n. “breath, puff of breath”
Feir, n. “Mortal”
[N.] feir, adj. “right (hand)”
[N.] feira-, v. “to suffice”
fela, n. “mine, boring, tunnel, underground dwelling; cave”
feleg, n. “cave, mine, underground dwelling”
fen, n. “door; threshold”
fennas, n. “doorway, great door”
[N.] †fêr, n. “beech-tree”
[N.] feredir, n. “hunter”
fergar, adj. “soon done”
fergenol, adj. “quick to see or perceive, sharp-sighted or witted”
feria-, v. “to make ready (promptly)”
#fern, adj. and n. “dead (of mortals); dead person”
ferui, adj. “ready to hand, (quickly) available”
[N.] ^fervain, adj. “northern”
[N.] fileg, n. “small bird”
fim, adj. “slender, slim”
fîn, n. “(single) hair, filament”
find, n. “tress; lock of hair”
findel, n. and adj. “head of hair; having beautiful hair”
fing, n. “lock of hair”
finnel, n. “(head of) hair” see †findel
*fir-, v. “to fade, die”
Fíreb, n. “Mortal”
fíreb, adj. “mortal”
[N.] firen, adj. “human”
Firieth, n. “(Female) Mortal”
firin, adj. “mortal, dying”
Firion, n. “(Male) Mortal”
firith, n. “(late) autumn, fading”
*flâd, n. “skin”
foen, n. “long sight”
[N.] forgam, adj. “righthanded”
forn, adj. “right, north”
[N.] forn(en), adj. “closed” see hollen
forod, n. “north”
[N.] forodren, adj. “northern”
[N.] forven, n. “north”
forvo, n. “right hand, right side”
?, n. “path”
[N.] #fuia-, v. “to feel disgust at, abhor”
fuin, n. “night, gloom, darkness, dead of night”
[N.] gad-, v. “to catch”
[N.] gador, n. “prison, dungeon”
[N.] gae, n. “dread”
gaear, n. “sea”
gaearon, n. “ocean”
[N.] gael, adj. “pale, glimmering”
*gaer¹, adj. “dreadful, awful, fearful”
[N.] ^gaer², adj. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
[N.] ^gaeruil, n. “seaweed”
gail¹, n. “silver spark, *star” see gil
[N.] gail², adj. “bright, light”
gal- [ñg-], v. “to shine clear”
gala-, v. “to grow”
galad [ñg-], n. “radiance, glittering reflection; light”
galadh, n. “tree”
galadhremmen, adj. “tree-meshed”
[N.] galas, n. “growth, plant”
galenas, n. “pipeweed, nicotiana”
[N.] ^galu, n. “?increase, growth”
galvorn, n. “type of dark metal devised by Eöl, (lit.) *shining-black”
[N.] gammas, n. “s-sign”
gamp, n. “hook, crook; claw”
[N.] #gann(ad)a- [ñg-], v. “to play a harp”
[N.] gannel [ñg-], n. “harp”
[N.] gar-, v. “to hold, have”
[N.] garaf [ñg-], n. “wolf”
gardh, n. “region”
?gardhon, n. “province”
[N.] garn, n. “‘own’, property”
[N.] garth, n. “fort, fortress”
[N.] gas, n. “hole, gap”
[N.] gasdil, n. “stopgap”
[N.] gath, n. “cavern”
[N.] gathrod, n. “cave”
[N.] gaud, n. “device, contrivance, machine”
[N.] gaul [ñg-], n. “wolfhowl”
gaur [ñg-], n. “werewolf”
[N.] gaw, n. “void”
[N.] gaw- [ñg-], v. “to howl”
[N.] gawad [ñg-], adj. “howling”
[N.] gell, n. “joy, triumph, (?victory)”
[N.] gellam, n. “jubilation”
[N.] gellui, adj. “triumphant”
[N.] gem, adj. “sickly”
*genedia-, v. “to reckon”
genediad, n. “reckoning”
[N.] gern, adj. “worn, old, decrepit (of things)”
gil [ñg-], n. “star; (bright) spark, silver glint”
[N.] gildin, n. “silver spark”
[N.] gilith, n. “starlight”
*gir-, v. “to shudder”
girith, n. “shuddering; horror”
Girithron, n. “December, *Shuddering-one”
glad, n. “wood”
gladh-, v. “to laugh”
glaer, n. “long lay, narrative poem”
[N.] glaew, n. “ointment, salve”
glam, n. “din, uproar, shouting, confused noise; barbarous speech”
glamog, n. “orc”
[N.] glamor, n. “echo”
[N.] glamren, adj. “echoing”
#glân¹, adj. “[bright shining] white”
glân², n. “hem, border”
gland, n. “boundary”
glandagol, n. “boundary mark”
[N.] glass, n. “joy”
glaur, n. “gold (light or colour)”
[N.] #glavra-, v. “to babble”
[N.] glavrol, adj. “babbling”
glaw, n. “sunshine; radiance”
glawar, n. “gold (light or colour); sunlight, radiance (of Laurelin)”
gleina-, v. “to bound, enclose, limit”
*glenna-, v. “*to travel”
[N.] glî, n. “honey”
#glim, n. “voice”
glind, n. “*song” see lind¹
[N.] gling-, v. “to hang, dangle”
glîn(n), n. “gleam, glint”
glintha-, v. “to glance (at)”
[N.] glir-, v. “to sing, recite poem”
[N.] glîr, n. “song, poem, lay”
#glóriel, adj. “golden”
*glórin, adj. “golden”
gloss, adj. “(dazzling) white; snow-white”
glosui, adj. “snow white”
[N.] glûdh, n. “soap”
go-, pref. “together, co-, com-”
gobel, n. “village (walled), town (enclosure)”
[N.] gobennas, n. “history”
[N.] gobennathren, adj. “historical”
[N.] ^godref, adv. “abreast; *together-through”
goe, n. “terror, great fear”
goeol, adj. “*fell, terrible, dire”
#gohena-, v. “*to forgive”
golas, n. “foliage, collection of leaves”
[N.] golf, n. “branch”
[N.] goll [ñg-], adj. “wise”
[N.] gollor [ñg-], n. “magician”
Golodh [ñg-], n. “one of the wise folk, Noldo”
golodh [ñg-], n. “lore-master, sage”
goloth, n. “inflorescence, collection of flowers”
[N.] ^†golu [ñg-], n. “lore”
[N.] golwen [ñg-], adj. “wise, learned in deep arts”
-gon, suf. “lord, prince”
[N.] gonathra-, n. “entangle, enmesh”
[N.] gonathras, n. “entanglement”
gond, n. “stone, rock, stone (as a material)”
[N.] gondram, n. “hewn stone”
[N.] #gondren, adj. “*of stone”
[N.] gonod-, v. “to count (up)”
gor [ñg-], n. “horror, dread, fear”
gor-¹, pref. “hard, difficult”
gor-², v. “to warn, urge”
gorbedui, adj. “only to be said with horror or grief, lamentable to tell”
gordh, adj. “difficult, laborious”
[N.] gorf, n. “impetus, vigor”
gorgor [ñg-], n. “extreme horror, terror, haunting fear”
gorn¹ [ñg-], adj. “revered”
gorn², adj. “hard, stiff, thrawn”
[N.] gorn³, adj. “impetuous”
gornodui, adj. “hard to count”
gorog, n. “horror”
goroth [ñg-], n. “horror, dread”
#gorth [ñg-], n. “dead (person)”
gorthad [ñg-], n. “wraith, spirit of Dead”
gorthob [ñg-], adj. “horrible”
[N.] gost, n. “dread, terror”
[N.] gosta-, v. “to fear exceedingly”
govan-, v. “to meet, come to same place”
[N.] gowest, n. “contract, compact, treaty”
[N.] grau, adj. “dark, swart”
graw, n. “bear”
groga-, v. “to feel terror”
grond, adj. and n. “weighty, ponderous; club”
groth, n. “large excavation, delving, underground dwelling; cave, tunnel”
[N.] gruin, adj. “ruddy”
gruitha-, v. “to terrify”
gûl [ñg-], n. “black arts, sorcery, magic; †(secret) knowledge”
guldur [ñg-], n. “black arts, sorcery”
gûr, n. “heart (inner mind)”
gurgof, n. “traitor”
gurth [ñg-], n. “death”
guru [ñg-], n. “death (abstract)”
[N.] guruth [ñg-], n. “death” see gurth
guruthos [ñg-], n. “death-horror, fear of death”
[N.] *gwa-, pref. “*away”
[N.] gwador, n. “(sworn) brother, associate”
#gwae-, v. “to go [depart]”
[N.] #gwaeda-, v. “to enfold”
[N.] gwaedh, n. “bond, troth, compact, oath”
*gwaen, adj. “stained”
gwaeren, adj.windy
Gwaeron, n. “March, *Windy-one”
gwae(w), n. “wind”
*gwahae, adj. “*far away”
*gwain¹, adj. “young, *new”
gwain², adj. “fair-haired (yellow to golden)”
gwaith, n. “people, region; host, regiment; manhood”
gwân, adj.pale, fair
[N.] gwanath, n. “death (act of dying)”
[N.] gwann, adj. “departed, dead”
[N.] #gwanna-, v. “to depart, die”
[N.] gwanod, n. “tale, number”
[N.] ^gwanu, n. “death (act of dying)”
gwanunig, n. “a twin”
[N.] gwanur, n. “kinsman, kinswoman”
[N.] gwarth, n. “betrayer”
[N.] gwass, n. “stain”
[N.] gwastar, n. “hummock”
gwath¹, n. “shadow, dim light; shade”
[N.] gwath², n. “a stain”
[N.] #gwatha-, v. “to soil, stain”
[N.] gwathel, n. “sister, associate”
gwathra-, v. “to overshadow, dim, veil, obscure”
gwathren, adj. “shadowy, dim”
*gwathui, adj. “*shadowy”
[N.] gwaun, n. “goose”
[N.] gwaur, adj. “soiled, dirty”
gwê, n. “living creature”
[N.] gwedh, n. “bond”
[N.] #gwedh-, v. “to bind”
[N.] ^gwelu, n. “air (as a substance)”
[N.] gwelwen, n. “air, lower air”
gwend¹, n. “maiden”
[N.] gwend², n. “bond, friendship”
gweneth, n. “maidenhood, virginity”
[N.] #gweria-, v. “to betray”
[N.] gwest, n. “oath”
[N.] #gwesta-, v. “to swear”
gweth, n. “*report”
[N.] gwî, n. “net, web”
[N.] gwilith, n. “air (as a region)”
[N.] gwilwileth, n. “butterfly”
gwîn, n. “youth”
gwing, n. “foam, spindrift, (flying) spray, spume”
gwinig, n. “little-one, baby”
Gwirith, n. “April, *Freshness”
[N.] hab-, v. “to clothe”
[N.] habad, n. “shoe”
[N.] had-, v. “to hurl”
[N.] †hâdh, n. “*cleaver”
Hadhod, n. “Dwarf”
hadhro, n. “?doctor, leech”
hadhwa-, v. “to seat”
[N.] ^hadlath, n. “sling”
[N.] hador, n. “thrower (of spears and darts)”
[N.] hadron, n. “thrower (of spears and darts)”
hae, adj. “very far away”
haedh, n. “fenced enclosure”
haer, adj. “remote”
haered, n. “remoteness, remote distance”
[N.] haew, n. “custom, habit”
[N.] haf-, v. “to sit”
[N.] ^hair, n. and adj. “left (hand)”
[N.] hal-, v. “to lift”
[N.] hâl, n. “fish”
[N.] half, n. “seashell”
[N.] hall¹, adj. “veiled, hidden, shadowed, shady”
[N.] hall², adj. “exalted, high”
[N.] haltha-, v. “to screen”
[N.] hamma-, v. “to clothe”
[N.] hammad, n. “clothing”
[N.] hamp, n. “garment”
#han, pron. “that”
hanar, n. “brother”
[N.] ^hand, adj. “intelligent”
[N.] hannas, n. “understanding, intelligence”
[N.] ^hanu, n. “?chair”
harad, n. “south”
[N.] haradren, adj. “southern”
[N.] hargam, adj. “left-handed”
harn¹, adj. “south, southern”
[N.] harn², adj. “wounded”
[N.] harn³, n. “helmet”
[N.] #harna-, v. “to wound”
[N.] *hartha-, v. “to hope”
[N.] harthad, n. “hope”
[N.] ^haru, n. “wound”
[N.] ^harven, n. “*south-region”
harvo, n. “left hand, left side”
[N.] hast, n. “axe-stroke”
[N.] #hasta-, v. “to hack through”
hathol, n. “axe; broadsword-blade, axe-blade”
haudh, n. “(funeral) mound, grave, tomb”
[N.] haust, n. “bed”
hawn, n. “brother”
#heb-, v. “to keep”
[N.] helch, adj. “bitter cold”
heledh, n. “glass”
[N.] heledir, n. “kingsfisher, (lit.) fish-watcher”
[N.] heleg, n. “ice”
[N.] heleth, n. “fur, fur-coat”
[N.] helf, n. “fur”
[N.] hell, adj. “naked”
[N.] heltha-, v. “to strip”
hen, n. “eye”
hên, n. “child”
[N.] #henia-, v. “to understand”
henneth, n. “window”
#herdir, n. “master”
[N.] heria-, v. “to begin suddenly and vigorously”
[N.] heron, n. “lord, master”
[N.] herth, n. “household, troop”
heruin, n. “lady”
[N.] hervenn, n. “husband”
[N.] hervess, n. “wife”
heryn, n. “lady”
[N.] ^hethu, adj. “foggy, obscure, vague”
, adv. “now”
*hîl, n. “heir”
him¹, adj. and adv. “steadfast, abiding; enduring, continually”
him², adj. “cool”
hîr, n. “lord, master”
híril, n. “lady”
hîth, n. “mist”
hithlain, n. “mist-thread”
hithren, adj. “grey”
[N.] ^hithu, n. “fog”
Hithui, n. “November, *Misty-one”
*hithui, adj. “misty”
[N.] hiw, adj. “sticky, viscous”
(h)lô, n. “flood, fenland”
[N.] hobas, n. “harbourage”
hollen, adj. “closed, shut”
honeg, n. “brother (diminutive)”
[N.] horn, adj. “driven under compulsion, impelled (to do something)”
[N.] hortha-, v. “to urge on, speed”
[N.] host, n. “gross (144)”
hoth, n. “host, horde; crowd”
hû¹, n. “spirit, shadow”
[N.] hû², n. “dog”
[N.] hûb, n. “haven, harbour, small landlocked bay”
[N.] hûd, n. “assembly”
[N.] hûl, n. “cry of encouragement in battle”
[N.] hûn, n. “heart (physical)”
huorn, n. “?Spirit Tree”
[N.] hûr, n. “readiness for action, vigour, fiery spirit”
hwâ, n. “breeze[?]”
[N.] ^hwand, n. “sponge, fungus”
[N.] ^hwest, n. “puff, breath, breeze”
[N.] ^hwîn, n. “giddyness, faintness”
[N.] ^hwind, n. “eddy”
[N.] ^#hwinia-, v. “to twirl, whirl, eddy”
[N.] ^hwiniol, adj. “whirling, giddy, mad, fantastic”
hwinn, n. “birch”
-i, suf. “adjectival suffix”
, article. “the”
, rel-pron. “who, that”
, n. “chasm, pit, void, abyss; gulf”
iach, n. “ford”
[N.] iaeth, n. “neck”
[N.] iaew, n. “mocking, scorn”
[N.] ial, n. “?call, cry”
[N.] ialla-, v. “to call”
-ian, suf. “-land”
-iand, suf. “-land”
iant¹, n. “bridge”
[N.] iant², n. “yoke”
[N.] ^ianu, n. “bridge” see iant¹
[N.] iâr, n. “blood”
iâth, n. “fence”
[N.] iau¹, n. “corn”
[N.] iau², n. “ravine, cleft, gulf”
iaun¹, adj. “wide, extensive, large, roomy, vast, huge”
[N.] iaun², n. “holy place, fane, sanctuary”
iaur, adj. “old; ancient, olden”
iavas, n. “autumn”
íd, adv.extremely, very
îdh, n. “rest, repose, peace, tranquility”
[N.] idher, n. “thoughtfulness”
ídhra-, v.to long for, desire
[N.] idhren, adj. “pondering, wise, thoughtful”
[N.] ^idhrinn, n. “year, (lit.) *year-circle”
-iel¹, suf. “feminine suffix; daughter”
*-iel², suf. “adjective suffix”
-iel³, suf. “perfective-participle”
[N.] iell, n. “daughter”
-ien, suf. “feminine ending”
[N.] iest, n. “wish”
îf, n. “cliff, sheer descent”
-ig, suf. “diminutive/singular ending”
*il, adj. “*all”
ilaurui, adj. “*daily”
im¹, pron. “I, I myself; reflexive, self(same)”
im², prep. “between”
im³, n. “valley; dell, deep vale”
imlad, n. “deep valley, narrow valley with steep sides”
imrad, n. “path or pass between mountains or trackless forest, (lit.) *valley path”
imrath, n. “long narrow valley with road or watercourse running through it lengthwise, (lit.) *valley course”
în, n. “year”
[N.] inc, n. “guess, idea, notion”
ind, n. “some particular purpose or intention of an individual; heart, inner thought, meaning”
[N.] ingem, adj. “old (in mortal sense), suffering from old age, decrepit, (lit.) year-sick”
ínias, n. “annals”
innas, n. “*will”
[N.] ^inu, adj. “female”
[N.] io, adv. “ago”
[N.] iolf, n. “brand”
ion, n. “son”
-ion¹, suf. “-son”
-ion², suf. “-region, -land”
[N.] iôr, n. “course”
^iphant, adj. “aged, having lived long, (lit.) year-full”
-ir, suf. “past of intransitive verbs”
ir, conj. “?when”
î(r), pron. “impersonal plural pronoun”
[N.] îr, n. “*sexual desire”
írui, adj. “desirable, lovely”
[N.] ist, n. “lore, knowledge”
[N.] ista-, v. “to have knowledge”
[N.] istui, adj. “learned”
Ithil, n. “Moon”
ithildin, n. “magical alloy that glows in moonlight, (lit.) moon-star”
ithron, n. “Wizard”
[N.] iuith, n. “use”
[N.] iuitha-, v. “to employ”
Ivanneth, n. “September, *Yavanna-ness”
*laba-, v. “to hop”
lach, n. “(leaping) flame”
#lacha-, v. “to flame”
lad, n. “plain, valley”
laden, adj. “flat; open, cleared”
[N.] ^lae, n. “great number”
[N.] ^laeb, adj. “fresh”
laeg¹, adj. “(fresh and) green, viridis”
[N.] ^laeg², adj. “keen, sharp, acute”
laer¹, n. “summer”
laer², n. “song”
[N.] ^laes, n. “babe”
laew¹, adj. “fresh”
[N.] ^laew², adj. “frequent, many”
[N.] ^lagor, adj. “swift, rapid”
laich, adj. “sweet”
#lain¹, n. “thread, warp, ‽twine”
[N.] ^lain², adj. “free(d)”
#lala-, v. “to laugh”
lalaith, n. “laughter”
[N.] ^lalorn, n. “elm-tree”
[N.] lalven, n. “elm-tree”
lam, n. “(physical) tongue; language”
lamm, n. “echo”
?lamma-, v. “to echo”
lammad, n. “*echoing”
lammen, adj. “of tongue, spoken with tongue”
lanc¹, adj. “naked”
lanc², adj. “sharp edge (not of tools), sudden end”
[N.] ^lanc³, n. “throat”
*land¹, adj. “broad, wide”
[N.] ^land², n. “open space, level”
lang¹, n. “passage; neck”
[N.] ^lang², n. “cutlass, sword”
[N.] ^lant, n. “clearing in the forest”
lanthir, n. “waterfall”
lass, n. “leaf”
lasta-, v. “to listen, give ear”
[N.] ^lath, n. “thong of (?leather)”
[N.] ^#lathr(ad)a-, v. “to listen in, eavesdrop”
[N.] ^lathron, n. “hearer, listener, eavesdropper”
laudh, n.gluttonous eating
[N.] ^laug, adj. “warm”
[N.] ^laus, n. “hair”
[N.] ^#lav-, v. “to lick”
lavan, n. “animal”
le, pron. “thee, you (polite)”
lebdas, n. “index finger”
lebed, n. “thumb”
leben, num. card. “five”
lebenedh, n. “middle finger”
lebent, n. “fourth finger”
leber, n. “finger”
lebethron, n. “Gondorian hardwood, (lit.) *finger tree”
lebig, n. “little finger”
[N.] *ledh-, v. “to go”
lefnui, num. ord. “fifth”
[Ilk.] ?legol, adj. “nimble, active, running free”
[N.] ^leithia-, v. “to release, set free”
leithian, n. “release from bondage”
lembas, n. “waybread”
[N.] ^lend, adj. “tuneful, sweet”
lest, n. “girdle”
[N.] leth-, v. “to set free”
leutha-, v. “to pick (up/out)”
leweg, n. “worm”
[N.] ^lhaew, adj. “sick, sickly, ill”
[N.] ^lhain, adj. “lean, thin, meagre”
lhaw, n. “ears (of one person)” see lheweg
[N.] ^lhê, n. “fine thread, spider filament”
lheweg, n. “ear”
[N.] ^lhind, adj. “fine, slender”
[N.] ^lhing, n. “spider, spider’s web, cobweb”
[N.] ^lhingril, n. “spider”
[N.] ^lhîw, n. “sickness”
lhoer, n. “venom, poison(ousness)”
lhoew, n. “poison(ous substance)”
lhôn, n. “noise”
[N.] ^lhoss, n. “whispering or rustling sound”
lhûg, n. “snake, serpent, reptile, worm; dragon”
, n. “people (of one kind or origin)”
*lif, n. “link”
lim¹, adj. “quick, swift”
*lim², adj. “clear, sparkling”
[N.] ^lim³, n. “fish”
[N.] ^limlug, n. “fish-dragon, sea-serpent”
[N.] ^limmid-, v. “to moisten”
[N.] ^limp, adj. “wet”
lín, pron. “*thy”
lîn, n. “pool, mere”
lind¹, n. “song, chant, singing, air, tune; singer”
*lind², adj. “fair”
linna-, v. “to sing, chant”
linnod, n. “type of poem, (lit.) ?seven-chant”
*lîr, n. “line, row, range”
*lisg, n. “reed”
?liss, adj. “fragrant”
lissuin, n. “a fragrant flower”
lith, n. “ash; sand”
lithui, adj. “ashen, ashy, of ash”
, n. “flood, fenland” see (h)lô
[N.] lobor, n. “horse”
[N.] ^loch, n. “ringlet”
[N.] ^loda-, v. “to float”
loeg, n. “pool” see Nan. loeg
loen, adj. “soaking wet, swamped”
[N.] ^lom, adj. “weary”
lond, n. “(land-locked) haven; narrow path, strait, pass”
[N.] ^long, adj. “heavy” see *lung
*lonnas, n. “harbourage”
[N.] ^lorn, adj. “asleep”
loss¹, n. “snow”
[N.] ^loss², n. “wilderness”
lossen, adj. “snowy”
*lost, adj. “empty”
loth, n. “flower; inflorescence, head of small flowers”
lotheg, n. “single flower”
[N.] lothren, adj. “wild, waste”
Lothron, n. “May, *Flower-ness”
loven, adj. “echoing”
[N.] ^, n. “a time, occasion”
luin, adj. “blue”
*luithia-, v. “to quench”
[N.] ^lum, n. “shade”
[N.] ^lumren, n. “shady”
*lung, adj. “heavy”
[N.] ^lunt, n. “boat”
[N.] ^lûr, n. “slumber”
lûth¹, n. “inflorescense, mass of flowers (on one plant)”
[N.] ^lûth², n. “spell, charm”
[N.] ^lútha-, v. “to enchant”
lŷg, n. “snake”
ma, interj. “good, excellent, that’s right”
mâb, n. “hand”
mad-, v. “to eat”
madha, n. “mud”
madu, ? “[unglossed]” see maud
madweg, adj. “gluttonous”
mae¹, adv. and adj. “well; excellent, admirable”
[N.] ^mae², adj. “soft, pliant”
[N.] ^maeas, n. “dough”
maecheneb, adj. “sharp-eye[d]”
maed¹, adj. “shapely”
maed², adj. “handy, skillful, skilled”
maeg, adj. “sharp, piercing”
mael¹, adj. “well”
[N.] ^mael², n. and adj. “stain; stained”
[N.] ^mael³, n. “lust”
[N.] ^maelui, adj. “lustful”
maen¹, n. “a treasure”
[N.] maen², adj. “skilled, clever”
[N.] maenas, n. “craft, handicraft, art”
maer, adj. “good, excellent, fair; useful, fit, good (of things)”
maeron, n. “artist, poet”
maeth¹, n. “management”
[N.] maeth², n. “battle, fight”
maetha-¹, v. “to handle, manage, wield, use, treat, deal with”
[N.] maetha-², v. “to fight”
[N.] maethor, n. “warrior”
maew, n. “gull”
mâf, n. “pile or mass of rock or earth”
[N.] magol, n. “sword” see megil
*magor, n. “swordsman”
[N.] maidh, adj. “pale, fallow, fawn”
main, adj. “prime, chief, pre-eminent”
[N.] ^mâl, n. “pollen, yellow powder”
[N.] malen, adj. “yellow”
mallen, adj. “golden, of gold”
mallorn, n. “gold tree”
mallos, n. “golden flower”
malt, n. “gold (as metal)”
[N.] malthen, adj. “of gold”
[N.] ^malu, adj. “fallow, pale”
man, pron. “*what”
[N.] mân, n. “departed spirit”
[N.] manadh, n. “doom, final end, fate, fortune; final bliss”
[N.] matha-, v. “to stroke, feel, handle”
maud, ? “[unglossed]”
[N.] maur, n. “gloom”
maw¹, n. “hand”
[N.] ^maw², n. “soil, stain”
[Ilk.] ?mêd(h), adj. “wet”
[N.] ^medli, n. “bear, (lit.) honey-eater”
[N.] ^medlin, adj. “*bear-like”
[N.] ^medlivorn, n. “blackbear”
medui, adj. “end, final, last”
megil, n. “sword”
**megr, adj. “sharp-pointed”
mein, num. ord. “first”
#mel-, v. “to love”
[N.] melch, adj. “greedy”
[N.] meldir, n. “friend (m.)”
[N.] meldis, n. “friend (f.)”
[N.] meleth, n. “love”
[N.] melethril, n. “lover (f.)”
[N.] melethron, n. “lover (m.)”
mell, adj. “dear, beloved”
mellon, n. “friend”
melui, adj. “lovely, sweet”
#men-, v. “to go”
men¹, pron. “us”
men², n. “way, road”
*meneg, num. card. “thousand”
menel, n. “the heavens, firmanent, region of the stars”
[N.] ment, n. “point”
[N.] ^meren, adj. “festive, gay, joyous”
mereth, n. “feast, festival”
meril, n. “rose”
[N.] merilin, n. “nightingale”
[N.] mesc, adj. “wet” see mesg
[N.] mesg, adj. “wet”
meth, n. and adj. “end; last”
methed, n. “end”
[N.] methen, adj. “end, final”
mi, prep. “*in” see vi
mîdh, n. “dew”
[N.] mîl, n. “love, affection”
milbar, n. “beloved dwelling, dear home”
[N.] milui, n. “friendly, loving, kind”
mín, pron. “our”
mîn, prep. “between”
min¹, n. “peak”
min², num. card. “one”
[N.] ^minai, adj. “single, distinct, unique”
minas, n. “tower, fort, city (with a citadel and central watch tower)”
[N.] mindon, n. “isolated hill, tower”
minib, num. card. “eleven”
minlamad, n. “?alliteration, (lit.) first-echoing”
minna-, v. “to go in, enter”
minui, num. ord. “first”
minuial, n. “(dawn) twilight”
mîr, n. “jewel, precious thing, treasure”
#mírdan, n. “jewel smith”
míria-, adj. “to sparkle like jewels”
mirian, n. “Gondorian coin”
míriel, adj. “sparkling like jewels”
miruvor, n. “a special wine or cordial”
[N.] mist, n. “error, wandering”
[N.] #mista-, v. “to stray about”
[N.] mistrad, n. “straying, error”
mith¹, adj. “grey, light grey, pale grey”
[N.] mith², n. “white fog, wet mist”
#mithren, adj. “grey”
mithril, n. “true-silver”
[N.] mîw, adj. “small, tiny, frail”
molif, n. “wrist, (lit.) hand-link”
môr, n. and adj. “dark(ness), black”
#morchant, n. “dark shape, shadow cast by light”
morgul, n. “black arts, sorcery, necromancy”
morn, adj. “black, dark”
moth, n. “dusk”
[N.] #muda-, v. “to labour, toil”
muil, n. and adj. “drear[iness]”
[N.] muin, adj. “dear”
[N.] muindor, n. “brother”
[N.] muinthel, n. “sister”
[N.] mûl, n. “slave, thrall”
mund, n. “bull”
#mŷl, n. “gull”
#na-, v. “to be”
na¹, prep. “to, towards, at”
na², prep. “with, by; of”
[N.] nad, n. “thing”
nadha, n. “fetter”
[N.] nadhor, n. “pasture”
[N.] nadhras, n. “pasture”
[N.] nae, interj. “alas”
naedh, n. “a wounding, a wound”
[N.] naeg, n. “pain”
[N.] #^naegra-, n. “to pain”
naer, adj. “dreadful, horrible, unendurable; sad, lamentable”
naergon, n. “woeful lament”
[N.] naes, n. “tooth”
naeth, n. “woe; biting, gnashing of teeth”
[N.] naew, n. “jaw”
[N.] nag-, v. “to bite”
nail, num. ord. “third”
naith, n. “angle, spearhead, gore, wedge, narrow prominitory”
nalla, n. “a call”
#nalla-, v. “to cry”
[N.] nana, n. “mother (hypocoristic), *mommy”
nan(d), n. “valley”
[N.] naneth, n. “mother”
[N.] nâr, n. “rat”
[N.] †#nara-, v. “to tell”
Narbeleth, n. “October, Sun-fading, Sun-waning”
narch, adj. “bitter-biting”
[N.] narcha-, v. “to rend”
[N.] nardh, n. “knot”
narn, n. “tale, saga”
[N.] #nartha-, v. “to kindle”
*narthan, n. “beacon”
[N.] naru, adj. “red”
Narwain, n. “January, (lit.) *New Fire”
[N.] nass, n. “point, (sharp) end; angle, corner”
[N.] nasta-, v. “to prick, point, stick, thrust”
[N.] nath, n. “web”
natha-, v. “to bring help to, save, rescue”
nathal, n. “guest”
[N.] nathron, n. “weaver, webster”
^naub, n. “thumb”
[N.] naud, adj. “bound”
naug, adj. and n. “dwarf(ed), stunted; dwarf”
[N.] naugol, n. “Dwarf (diminutive)”
naur, n. “fire”
[N.] nauth, n. “thought”
[N.] nautha-, v. “to conceive”
naw¹, adj. “hollow”
[N.] naw², n. “idea”
[N.] *ne-, pref. “in”
ned, ? “*one more”
neder, num. card. “nine”
[N.] ^nedhu, n. “bolster, cushion”
*nedia-, v. “to count”
nedrui, num. ord. “ninth”
nef, prep. “hither, on this (the speaker’s) side of; (more loosely) beyond”
negen, adj. “sharp, angular”
*neitha-, v. “to wrong, deprive”
neithan, n. “one deprived, exile whose rights and goods have been confiscated”
[N.] nel-, pref. “tri-”
[N.] nêl, n. “tooth”
nelchaenen, num. ord. “*thirtieth”
neldor, n. “beech”
neledh, num. card. “three”
[N.] #neledh-, v. “*to go in, enter”
[N.] neleg, n. “tooth”
[N.] nell, n. “bell”
[N.] nella-, v. “to sound (of bells)”
[N.] nelladel, n. “ringing of bells”
[N.] nelthil, n. “triangle”
nelui, num. ord. “third”
[N.] nem, n. “nose”
nen, n. “water, lake”
[N.] ^nend, adj. “watery”
[N.] nenui, adj. “wet”
nerthui, num. ord. “ninth”
ness, n. “headland”
[N.] ?nest, n. “?heart, core”
[N.] *nesta-, v. “to heal”
[N.] nestad, n. “healing”
[N.] #nestag-, v. “to insert, stick in”
neth¹, n. “sister; (little) girl”
[N.] neth², adj. “young”
nethel, n. “sister”
nethig, n. “sister (diminuitive)”
niben, adj. “petty, *small”
[N.] nîd, adj. “damp, wet; tearful”
nidh, n. “full vigorous purpose, exertion of will”
nidh-, v. “to will”
nîdh, n. “juice; honeycomb”
nidha-, v. “to be determined to”
[N.] nîf, n. “front, face”
niged, n. “little finger”
nim, adj. “white”
[N.] nimmid-, v. “to whiten”
nimp¹, adj. “pale, pallid, white”
nimp², adj. “small and frail”
nimras, n. “white-horn”
nin, pron. “me”
nín, pron. “my”
nîn¹, adj. “wet”
*nîn², n. “tear”
[N.] ^nind, adj. “slender”
ninglor, n. “golden water-flower”
[N.] niniel, adj. “tearful”
ninniach, n. “rainbow”
Nínui, n. “February, *Watery”
[N.] nínui, adj. “*tearful”
niphred, n. “pallor; fear”
niphredil, n. “white flower (similar to a snowdrop); (lit.) pale point”
[N.] nîr, n. “tear, weeping”
nirnaeth, n. “lamentation, tears”
nîth¹, n. “sister”
[N.] nîth², n. “youth”
nobad, n. “thumb and index finger as a pair, (lit.) *pickers”
#nod-¹, v. “to count”
[N.] nod-², v. “to tie”
[N.] noen, adj. “wise, sensible”
Nogoth, n. “[Greater] Dwarf”
nor-, v. “to run (or leap) of animals or men”
nordh¹, n. “oak”
[N.] nordh², adj. “cord”
#norn¹, adj. and n. “hard; dwarf”
[N.] norn², adj. “twisted, knotted, crabbed, contorted”
[N.] noroth, n. “?giant”
north, n. “riding, race (of people running), charge or gallop”
northa-, v. “to make run”
Nórui, n. “June, *Fiery”
nos(s), n. “family, kindred, clan, house; race, tribe, people”
nothlir, n. “folk, family” see Ed. nothlir
-nt, suf. “past of transitive verbs”
nu, prep. “under”
[N.] nûd, n. “bond”
nuitha-, v. “to stunt, prevent from coming to completion, stop short, not allow to continue”
[N.] nûr¹, n. “race”
[N.] nûr², adj. “deep”
[N.] ^nŷw, n. “noose, snare”
-o, suf. “imperative”
, prep. “from, of”
[N.] , prep. “about, concerning”
[N.] odhril, n. “parent (f.)”
[N.] odhron, n. “parent”
odog, num. card. “seven”
*oel, adj. “cool”
oer, adj. “nasty”
oew, n. “an evil deed”
*-og, suf. “singular suffix”
ogol, adj. “bad, evil, wrong; gloom(y)”
ogron, n. “wicked or evil person”
-ol, suf. “continuative participle”
[N.] ôl, n. “dream”
[N.] oll, n. “torrent, mountain-stream”
[N.] oltha-, v. “to dream”
-on¹, suf. “masculine suffix”
-on², suf. “augmentative suffix”
[N.] ongol, n. “stench”
[N.] *onna-, v. “?to be born”
*onnen, adj. “born”
Onod, n. “Ent”
*-or, suf. “agental suffix”
[N.] or, prep. “above”
or-, pref. “-day”
Oraeron, n. “Sea-day, *Thursday”
Oranor, n. “(lit.) *Sun-day, Sunday”
Orbelain, n. “*Day of the Valar, Friday”
orch, n. “Orc”
orchal, adj. “tall; superior, eminent, lofty”
[N.] orchel, adj. “superior, eminent, lofty” see orchal
Orgaladh, n. “Day of the Tree, *Tuesday”
Orgaladhad, n. “Day of the Two Trees, *Tuesday”
Orgilion, n. “*Star-day, Saturday”
Orithil, n. “*Moon-day, Monday”
Ormenel, n. “*Heavens-day, Wednesday”
orn, n. “(tall) tree”
orod, n. “mountain”
orodben, n. “mountaineer, one living in the mountains”
oroth, n. “rage”
*ortha-, v. “to raise”
orthad, n. “*rising”
[N.] orthannen, adj. “raised”
[N.] orthel-, v. “to roof, screen above”
[N.] orthelian, n. “canopy”
[N.] #orthor-, v. “to master, conquer”
os, prep. “*about”
[N.] #osgar-, v. “to cut round, amputate”
[N.] osp, n. “smoke”
ost, n. “fort(ress), stronghold, enclosure; city, town (with wall round)”
-oth, suf. “augmentative suffix”
oth-, pref. “[wrong] with a bad sense”
othgar(ed), n. “doing wrong, *wrong doing”
othgarn, n. “misdeed”
[N.] ^othlonn, n. “paved way”
othol, n. “stranger, guest”
[N.] ^othrad, n. “street”
othrond, n. “underground stronghold, underground city”
othui, num. ord. “seventh”
[N.] ovor, adj. “abundant”
[N.] #ovra-, v. “to abound”
[N.] ovras, n. “crowd, heap”
pad-, v. “to step, walk”
pâd, n. “a step (action); track, road, way; ford”
padra-, v. “to walk”
pae(an), num. card. “ten”
paenui, num. ord. “tenth”
paeth, n. “speech”
[N.] ^paich, n. “juice, syrup”
palan, adv. “afar, abroad, far and wide”
palan-díriel, n. “far-gazer”
[N.] palath, n. “surface”
*pan, adj. “all”
[N.] pân, n. “plank, fixed board (especially in a floor)”
[N.] panas, n. “floor”
[N.] ^pand, n. “courtyard”
[N.] pann, adj. “wide”
[N.] #panna-¹, v. “to open, enlarge”
[N.] *panna-², v. “to fill”
*pant, adj. “full”
paran, adj. “bare, naked; smooth, shaven”
parch¹, adj. “naked (of persons)”
[N.] parch², adj. “dry”
[N.] parf, n. “book”
parth, n. “field, enclosed grassland, sward”
[N.] path, adj. “smooth”
[N.] #pathra-, v. “to fill”
[N.] pathred, n. “fullness”
[N.] ^pathu, n. “level space, sward”
paur, n. “fist, closed hand”
[N.] paw, n. “sickness”
ped-, v. “to say, speak”
pedweg, adj. “talkative, saying a lot”
[N.] peg, n. “dot, small spot”
?pel-, v. “to fade, wane”
[N.] pêl, n. “fenced field”
*peleth, n. “fading, waning”
[N.] #pelia-, v. “to spread”
[N.] *pelin, n. “*fading” see *peleth
[N.] pelthaes, n. “pivot”
pen-, v. “to have not”
pen¹, prep. and pref. “without, lacking, -less”
pen², n. “one, somebody, anybody”
penbed, adj. “not pronouncable”
pend, n. and adj. “slope, (steep) incline, hill side, declivity; sloping (down), steeply inclined”
[N.] pendrath, n. “passage up or down slope, stairway”
penedh, n. “Elf”
[N.] peng, n. “bow (for shooting)”
pengolodh, n. “teaching sage, teacher of lore”
[N.] #penia-, v. “to fix, set”
penna-, v. “to come down (in a slant), fall”
[N.] pennas, n. “history”
pennod, adj. “without count”
pennoediad, adj. “innumerable”
[N.] pent, n. “tale, story”
*per-, pref. “half”
Perian, n. “Halfling, Hobbit”
[N.] perin, adj. “half”
[N.] #pessa-, v. “to affect, concern”
[N.] pesseg, n. “pillow”
peth, n. “word”
pethron, n. “speaker, reciter; narrator”
[N.] pichen, adj. “juicy”
[N.] pigen, adj. “tiny”
#pîn, adj. “little”
pind, n. “crest, ridge”
pirin, n. “flower that opened and shut quickly with any change of light”
plad, n. “palm, flat of the hand”
[N.] pôd, n. “animal’s foot”
[N.] †poen, n. “small gull, petrel”
[N.] post, n. “pause, halt, rest, cessation, respite”
[N.] presta-, v. “to affect, trouble, disturb”
[N.] prestannen, adj. “affected (of vowels), mutated”
[N.] prestanneth, n. “affection (of vowels), mutation”
[N.] #puia-, v. “to spit”
[N.] puig, adj. “clean, tidy, neat”
-ra, suf. “many Sindardin adverbs end in [this]”
*râd, n. “path, track, pass”
[N.] #rada-, v. “to make a way, find a way”
raeda-, v. “to catch in a net”
raef, n. “net”
[N.] ^raeg, adj. “wrong”
raen¹, adj. “netted, enlaced”
raen², adj. “smiling, gracious, sweet-faced”
[N.] ^raen³, adj. “crooked”
[N.] ^raew¹, n. “fathom”
raew², n. “net” see raef
raich, n. “wain” see rasg¹
rain¹, n. “erratic wandering”
[N.] ^rain², n. “border”
[N.] ^rain³, adj. “free”
raitha-, v. “to try, strive” see reitha-
ram, n. “wall”
rammas, n. “great wall”
[N.] ^ranc, n. “arm”
[N.] *rand, n. “cycle”
randir, n. “wanderer, pilgrim”
rant, n. “course, water-channel; lode, vein”
*raph, n. “?rope”
rasg¹, n. “wain, *wagon”
[N.] ^rasg², n. “horn”
rass, n. “horn”
ras(t), n. “cape, shore”
rath, n. “street; course, river-bed”
raud¹, adj. “lofty, noble, eminent, high, tall, excellent”
*raud², n. “metal”
[N.] ^raudh, adj. “hollow, cavernous”
raug, n. “demon, powerful hostile and terrible creature”
*Raun, n. “Moon”
[N.] ^raun, adj. “errant”
ravaed, adj. “skillful”
[N.] ^ravn, n. “wing (horn), extended point at side”
raw¹, n. “wing”
[N.] ^raw², n. “bank (especially of a river)”
[N.] ^raw³, n. “lion”
[N.] ^#redh-, v. “to sow”
[N.] ^rein, n. “slot, spoor, track, footprint”
reitha-, v. “to try, strive”
rem¹, n. “mesh, net (for catching)”
[N.] ^rem², adj. “frequent, numerous”
remmen, adj. “entangled, meshed, netted, woven”
*-ren, suf. “adjective suffix”
[N.] ^rend, adj. “circular”
[N.] ^#renia-¹, v. “to stray, wander”
[N.] ^#renia-², v. “to fly, sail”
[N.] ^rest, n. “cut”
reth, n. “*climber”
reth-, v. “to remain in same place, *endure”
*rhach, n. “curse”
rhae, adj.easy
rhaed, n. “peculiar hue, (special) fashion”
rhanc, adj. “awkward, hard”
[N.] rhass, n. “precipice”
rhaw¹, adj. “wild, untamed”
rhaw², n. “flesh”
[N.] ^#rhib-, v. “to scratch”
rhîw, n. “winter”
rhond, n. “body”
*rhosc, adj. “russet, brown”
rhovan, n. “wilderness; wild beast”
rhu-, pref. “evil-”
rhû¹, n. “evil, wicked”
rhû², n. “matter”
rhudol, adj. “unwelcome”
rhugar, n. “evil deed”
rhugarol, adj. “wicked, doing evil”
rhûn, n. “east, eastern; †rising”
rhúnen, adj. “eastern”
, n. “wreath, garland; crown”
*rían, n. “queen, (lit.) crowned-lady”
[N.] ^rib-, v. “to flow like a (?torrent)”
rîdh, n. “sown field, acre”
-riel, suf. “crowned maiden”
*rîf, n. “bark”
-(r)il, suf. “feminine suffix”
-rim, suf. “class-plural (people)”
rim¹, n. “host, crowd, great number”
[N.] ^rim², n. “cold pool or lake (in mountains)”
rîn¹, n. “remembrance”
[N.] ^rîn², adj. “crowned”
[N.] ^rinc, n. “twitch, jerk, trick, sudden move”
[N.] ^rind, n. “circle”
ring, adj. “cold”
[N.] ^ringorn, n. “circle”
[N.] ^rîs, n. “queen”
riss, n. and adj. “ravine, cleft; cloven, separate”
[N.] ^#rista-, v. “to cut; to rend, rip”
[N.] ^#ritha-, v. “to jerk, twitch, snatch”
[N.] ^rîw, n. “brink, brim”
roch, n. “horse”
rochben, n. “rider”
rochir, n. “knight, horse-lord”
rodel, n. “lady, high lady”
Rodon, n. “Vala”
Rodyn, n. “alternate name of the last day of the Eldarin six-day week”
rom, n. “horn, trumpet”
[N.] ^romru, n. “sound of horns”
*-(r)on, suf. “agental suffix”
ron, adj.smoothed by polishing
rond, n. “(vaulted or arched) roof; vaulted chamber or cavern; heavens [as a roof of the world]”
ross¹, n. “foam, spindrift, spray; rain”
ross², adj. “red-haired, copper-coloured”
[N.] ^†ross³, n. “polished metal”
*rost, adj. “rainy”
[N.] #rosta-, v. “to hollow out, excavate”
roval, adj. and n. “winged; pinion, great wing (of an eagle)”
[N.] ^†, n. “loud sound, trumpet-sound”
rûdh, n. “bald”
[N.] ^rui, n. “hunt, hunting”
ruin, n. and adj. “red flame; fiery red”
ruist, n. “fireplace, hearth”
rusc, n. “fox”
rust, n. “copper”
rustui, adj. “copper”
rûth, n. “anger, wrath”
ruthra-, v. “to rage”
[N.] ^rŷn, n. “chaser, hound of chase”
*sabar, n. “delving”
sad, n. “place, spot”
sâdh, n. “sward, turf”
sador, adj. “steadfast, trusty, loyal”
sadron, n. “trusty follower, loyal companion”
*sael, adj. “wise”
[N.] saer, adj. “bitter”
[N.] saew, n. “poison”
said, adj. “private, separate, not common, excluded”
[N.] ^sain, adj. “new”
[N.] salab, n. “herb”
[N.] ^salph, n. “broth”
#sam, n. “chamber”
sammar, n. “*neighbor”
sant, n. “garden, field, yard”
sarch, n. “Grave”
sarn, n. and adj. “(small) stone, pebble; stony (place); stone as a material”
[N.] sarnas, n. “cairn”
saur, adj. “bad (of food), putrid”
[N.] sautha-, v. “to drain”
#sav-, v. “to have”
saw¹, n. “filth, putrescence”
[N.] saw², n. “juice”
seidia-, v. “to set aside, appropriate to a special purpose or owner”
#sell, n. “daughter; †girl, maid”
sen, pron. “this”
*send, n. “?rest”
sennas, n. “guesthouse”
sennui, adv. “?rather, instead”
sereg, n. “blood”
seregon, n. “plant with red flowers, (lit.) blood of stone”
serni, n. “shingle, pebble bank”
seron, n. “lover”
, adv. “here”
[N.] sîdh, n. “peace”
sigil¹, n. “necklace”
[N.] sigil², n. “dagger, knife”
#síla-, v. “*to shine”
silef, n. and adj. “crystal (white); silver, shining white”
[N.] †silif, n. “light of Silpion, †silver”
[N.] silith, adj. “silver light, starlight”
silivren, adj. “(white) glittering”
[N.] siniath, n. “news, tidings”
[N.] sinnarn, n. “novel tale”
sír, n. “*this day, today”
sîr, n. “river, stream”
sîr², adv. “now” see
[N.] #siria-, v. “to flow”
sirith, n. “flowing”
[N.] #soga-, v. “to drink”
[N.] solch, n. “root (especially as edible)”
sui, prep. “*as”
*suila-, v. “to greet”
suilad, n. “greeting”
#suilanna-, v. “to greet, *give greeting”
[N.] ^suith, n. “draught”
sûl¹, n. “wind”
[N.] sûl², n. “goblet”
tachol, n. “brooch, clasp, pin”
tâd, num. card. “two”
#tad-dal, adj. “two-legged”
[N.] tadol, adj. “double”
tadui, num. ord. “second”
*taeg, n. “boundary, limit, boundary line”
[N.] taen¹, n. “height, summit of high mountain”
[N.] taen², adj. “long (and thin)”
taer¹, adj. “lofty”
[N.] taer², adj. “straight”
[N.] taes, n. “nail”
[N.] #taetha-, v. “to fasten, tie”
[N.] taew, n. “holder, socket, hasp, clasp, staple”
*tagol, n. “post, mark”
taid, adj. “supporting, second in command”
taith, n. “mark, sign, symbol, stroke”
tâl, n. “foot; (lower) end”
[N.] talad, n. “incline, slope”
[N.] talaf, n. “ground, floor”
[N.] ^talagan, n. “harper”
talan, n. “flet, flat space, platform (in a tree)”
talath, n. “flat lands, plain; flat surface, plane”
talf¹, n. “wang, flat field, topographical flat area”
[N.] ^talf², n. “palm of hand”
[G.] ?talif, n. “ankle”
*talraph, n. “stirrup”
[N.] talt, adj. “slipping, falling, insecure”
[N.] ^talu, adj. “flat”
[N.] tamma-, v. “to knock”
*tân, n. “builder, smith, wright, artificer”
[N.] tanc, adj. “firm”
[N.] tang, n. “bowstring”
[N.] #tangada-, v. “to make firm, confirm, establish”
[N.] tara, adj. “tough, stiff”
[N.] tarag, n. “horn; steep mountain peak”
tarch, adj. “stiff, rough (or tough)”
[N.] tarias, n. “stiffness, toughness, difficulty”
tarlang, adj. “proud, obstinate, (lit.) stiff-necked”
tas, n. “index finger”
[N.] tass, n. “labour, task”
tathar, n. “willow (tree)”
tathren, adj. “of willow”
taug, adj. “firm, strong, (?withstand)”
taur¹, n. “forest, (great) wood”
[N.] taur², adj. “vast, mighty, overwhelming, awful, huge; high, sublime”
[N.] †taur³, n. “king (of a whole tribe)”
tauron, n. “forester”
[N.] taus, n. “thatch”
tavn, n. “a thing made by handicraft”
[N.] tavor, n. “woodpecker, knocker”
taw¹, adj. “wood as material”
[N.] taw², adj. “of wool, woollen”
tawar, n. “forest; wood (material)”
[N.] tawaren, adj. “wooden”
tawen, adj. “wood — of mater[ial]”
tegil, n. “pen”
[N.] tegol, n. “pen” see tegil
teitha-, v. “to write, draw, inscribe, make marks or signs”
[N.] telch, n. “stem”
[N.] tele, n. “end, rear, hindmost part”
[N.] #telia-, v. “to play”
[N.] telien, n. “sport, play”
[N.] tellen, n. “sole of foot”
[N.] telu, n. “dome, high roof”
#ten, pron. “*it, passive voice marker”
[N.] tess, n. “fine pierced hole”
têw, n. “letter”
tewch, n. “(?chip)”
*-th, suf. “gerund, abstract noun”
tha-, v. “?to become”
[N.] thala, adj. “stalwart, steady, firm”
thalion, n. “hero, dauntless man”
[Ilk.] ?thall, adj. “steep, falling steeply (of river)”
[Ilk.] ?thalos, n. “torrent”
[N.] tham, n. “hall”
[N.] thamas, n. “great hall”
*thanc, adj. “forked, cleft, split”
*thand¹, n. “shield”
[N.] ^thand², adj. “firm, true, abiding”
thang, n. “oppression, pressure; compulsion, duress, need”
thangail, n. “shield-fence, shield-wall”
thar, prep. “across, athwart, over”
[N.] thâr, n. “stiff grass”
tharan, adj. “vigorous”
[N.] tharas, n. “hassock, footstool”
[N.] tharn, adj. “sapless, stiff, rigid, withered”
thaur, adj. “abominable, horrible”
[N.] ^thavn, n. “post, wooden pillar”
[N.] thavron, n. “carpenter, wright, builder”
[N.] thaw, adj. “corrupt, rotten”
thel-, v. “to intend, mean, purpose, resolve, will”
[N.] thêl, n. “sister”
[N.] thela, n. “point (of spear)”
thent, adj. “short”
theria-, v. “to be vigorous, flourish”
[N.] #thia-, v. “to appear, seem”
[N.] thilia-, v. “to glisten”
[N.] †thîn, n. “evening”
thind, adj. “grey, pale”
[N.] thinna-, v. “to fade”
[N.] thinnas, n. “shortness, shortening”
thîr, n. “face, look, expression, countenance”
thôl, n. “helmet, helm”
thôn, n. “pine-tree”
thond, n. “root; base, root-word”
thoniel, adj. “kindler (in the past)”
[N.] thonnas, n. “base, root, root-word”
[N.] thôr, adj. “swooping, leaping down”
[N.] thora-, v. “to fence”
[N.] thoren, adj. “fenced”
thorn, adj. “steadfast”
[N.] thórod, n. “torrent”
thoron, n. “eagle”
thoss, n. “fear”
[N.] thost, n. “smell”
[N.] #thosta-, v. “to stink”
thû, n. “horrible darkness, black mist; stench”
[N.] #thuia-, v. “to breathe”
[N.] thûl, n. “breath”
thurin, adj. “secret, hidden, guarded”
#ti, pron. “*them”
[N.] , n. “line, row, way”
till, n. “point, spike, (sharp) horn, tine, ending”
tin, n. “spark, sparkle (of stars)”
#tîn¹, pron. “his”
tîn², adj. “silent, quiet” see dîn¹
[N.] tinc, n. “metal”
tínen, adj. “silent” see dínen
[N.] #tinna-, v. “to glint”
*tinnu, n. “(starry) twilight, dusk, early night (without moon)”
[N.] tint, n. “spark, small star”
#tir-, v. “to look (towards), watch (over), guard”
[N.] tîr, adj. “straight, right”
#tíra-, v. “to see”
tiria-, v. “to watch, gaze; to ward, guard”
tirith, n. “watching, guarding, watch, ward, guard”
#tirnen, adj. “guarded”
[N.] tithen, adj. “little, tiny”
[N.] tiwdi, n. “alphabet”
[N.] toba-, v. “to cover, roof over”
[N.] tobas, n. “roofing, roof”
[N.] tog-, v. “to bring”
tol, n. “island, (high steep-sided) isle”
#tol-, v. “to come”
toleg, n. “*sticker-up”
tollui, num. ord. “eighth” see tolthui
tolodh, num. card. “eight”
[N.] tolog, adj. “stalwart, trusty”
toloth, num. card. “eight” see tolodh
#tolothen, num. ord. “eighth”
[N.] #toltha-, v. “to fetch”
tolthui, num. ord. “eighth”
[N.] ^tond, adj. “tall”
[N.] tong, adj. “taut, tight; resonant (of strings)”
[N.] †tôr, n. “brother”
tor, n.the Dead
torech, n. “(secret) hole, lair, excavation”
torn¹, n. “burial mound”
torn², adj. “hidden, secret”
Torog, n. “Troll”
[N.] #tortha-, v. “to wield, control”
[N.] toss, n. “bush, low-growing tree”
[N.] ^tovn, adj. “lowlying, deep, low”
[N.] trasta-, v. “to harass, trouble”
[N.] tre-, pref. “through”
[N.] trenar-, v. “to recount, tell to the end”
[N.] trenarn, n. “account, tale”
[N.] #trevad-, v. “to traverse”
[N.] trî, prep. “through”
[N.] trîw, adj. “fine, very slender”
[N.] , n. “muscle, sinew; vigour, physical strength”
[N.] tûg, adj. “thick, fat”
[N.] tui, n. “sprout, bud”
[N.] #tuia-, v. “to sprout, spring; to swell”
*tuil, n. “spring”
[N.] tuilinn, n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer”
[N.] tulu, n. “support, prop”
[N.] tulus, n. “poplar-tree”
tum, n. “(deep) valley”
[N.] tump, n. “hump”
[N.] ^tund, n. “hill, mound”
tûr, n. “master; mastery, victory”
-u, suf. “a person or being”
ú-, pref. “no, not, negative; impossible”
û, adv. and interj. “no, not”
[N.] úan, n. “monster”
[N.] uanui, adj. “monstrous”
[N.] ubed, n. “denial”
úbedui, adj. “not fit to say, unspeakable”
úgarol, adj. “not now doing or making, idling”
#úgarth, n. “trespass, (lit.) *misdeed”
-ui, suf. “-ful, having quality”
*ui-, pref. “twi-”
ui¹, adv. “ever”
[N.] ui², n. “envelope”
uial, n. “twilight”
[N.] uil, n. “seaweed”
uilos, n. “flowers like ‘white stars’”
[N.] ?uilu, n. “embers”
?uir¹, adj. “*fiery”
[N.] uir², n. “eternity”
[N.] uireb, adj. “eternal”
[N.] ul-, pref. “*ugly”
[N.] ûl, n. “odour”
úlann, adj. “not broad, narrow”
uluithiad, adj. “unquenchable”
[N.] ^ulunn, n. “monster, deformed and hideous creature”
[N.] ûn, n. “creature”
ungol, n. “spider”
únodui, adj. “countless”
[N.] *ûr¹, n. “fire”
[N.] ûr², adj. “wide”
urug (urcu-), n. “bogey”
Urui, n. “August, *Hot-one”
úthaes, n. “inducement to do wrong, *temptation”
úvelui, adj. “not amiable, unloveable”
vi, prep. “in”
-weg, suf. “person, being, individual; active in doing”
ylf, n. “drinking-vessel”
ýneg, num. card. “twelve”