[j] ‹y›

[j] ‹y›

References ✧ PE18/82, 105; PE19/69, 72, 103

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

Ilk. initial [s] unvoiced following [l], [r], [w] sw- > w̥- ✧ PE18/105 (y > hy > h)
final [j], [w] became [i], [u] -j > -i ✧ PE19/103 (y > i; finally)

ᴹ✶[j] ‹y›

References ✧ PE18/30; PE19/18-20, 23, 30, 38, 51

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

Dan. [j] was lost after initial velars gj- > g- ✧ PE19/18 (gj- > g-); PE19/18 (gj- > g-)
Dan. [j] was lost after initial velars kj- > k- ✧ PE19/18 (kj- > c-); PE19/18 (kj- > c-)
Dan. [j] was lost after initial velars skj- > sk- ✧ PE19/20 (skj- > sk-); PE19/20 (skj- > sk-)
Dan. [j] became [i] in Ossiriandic j > i ✧ PE19/19 (j- > i-); PE19/23 (-j- > -i-)
Dan. initial [j] vanished in East Danian j- > ø- ✧ PE19/19 (j- > -)
Ilk. [j] was lost after initial velars and dentals gj- > g- ✧ PE19/18 (gj- > g-)
Ilk. [j] was lost after initial velars and dentals kj- > k- ✧ PE19/18 (kj- > c-)
Ilk. medial [j] became [i] -j- > -i- ✧ PE19/23 (-j- > -ı̯-)
Ilk. initial [j] vanished j- > ø- ✧ PE19/19 (j- > -)
ON. [j] was lost after initial velars kj- > k- ✧ PE19/18 (kj- > k-)
ON. [j] was lost after initial velars kʰj- > kʰ- ✧ PE19/18 (khj- > kh/χ-)
ON. [j] was lost after initial velars gj- > g- ✧ PE19/18 (gj- > g-)
ON. [j] was lost after initial velars ŋgj > ŋg ✧ PE19/20 (ŋgj- > [ŋ]g-)
ON. [j] was lost after initial velars skj- > sk- ✧ PE19/20 (skj- > skh-)
ON. [j] vanished before [i], [ui] ji > i ✧ PE19/19 (j- > -)

ᴱ✶[j] ‹y, ı̯›

References ✧ PE12/12-13, 15, 26; PE14/63; PE15/64

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱN. [j] became [i] after a vowel ij > ī ✧ PE15/64 (iı̯ > ī)
ᴱQ. initial [sw] and [sβ] became [f], [sj] became [j̊] sj- > j̊- ✧ PE12/26 (sẏ > hy)
ᴱQ. [ji], [wu] became [i], [u] after a vowel aji > ai ✧ PE12/12 (áı̯i > ai)
ᴱQ. [ji], [wu] became [i], [u] after a vowel eji > ei ✧ PE12/12 (éı̯i > ai)
ᴱQ. [jǝ], [wǝ] became [je], [wo] after a vowel ajǝ > aje ✧ PE12/12 (áı̯ǝ > aiye); PE12/13 (aı̯ǝ́ > aiye)
ᴱQ. [jǝ], [wǝ] became [je], [wo] after a vowel ejǝ > eje ✧ PE12/12 (éı̯ǝ > ie); PE12/13 (eı̯ǝ́ > )
ᴱQ. [aie] became [aije] aie > aije ✧ PE12/12 (áı̯e > aiye or ē); PE12/13 (aı̯é > aiye)
ᴱQ. [ai] became [e] before unstressed [a], [o] or [u], but [aj] before stressed [a], [o] or [u] aia > ea ✧ PE12/12 (áı̯a > ea)
ᴱQ. [ai] became [e] before unstressed [a], [o] or [u], but [aj] before stressed [a], [o] or [u] aio > eo ✧ PE12/12 (áı̯o > eo (aiyo))
ᴱQ. [ai] became [e] before unstressed [a], [o] or [u], but [aj] before stressed [a], [o] or [u] aiu > eu ✧ PE12/12 (áı̯u > eu (aiyu))
ᴱQ. [ai] became [e] before unstressed [a], [o] or [u], but [aj] before stressed [a], [o] or [u] aiá > ajá ✧ PE12/13 (aı̯á > aya)
ᴱQ. [ai] became [e] before unstressed [a], [o] or [u], but [aj] before stressed [a], [o] or [u] aió > ajó ✧ PE12/13 (aı̯ó > ayo)
ᴱQ. [ai] became [e] before unstressed [a], [o] or [u], but [aj] before stressed [a], [o] or [u] aiú > ajú ✧ PE12/13 (aı̯ú > ayu)
ᴱQ. [ei] became [e] before [a], [o] or [u], but [i] before [e] eia > ea ✧ PE12/12 (éı̯a > ea); PE12/13 (eı̯á > )
ᴱQ. [ei] became [e] before [a], [o] or [u], but [i] before [e] eio > eo ✧ PE12/12 (éı̯o > eo (io)); PE12/13 (eı̯ó > eó (ió))
ᴱQ. [ei] became [e] before [a], [o] or [u], but [i] before [e] eiu > eu ✧ PE12/13 (eı̯ú > (eú) iú); PE12/12 (éı̯u > eu (iu))
ᴱQ. [ei] became [e] before [a], [o] or [u], but [i] before [e] eie > ie ✧ PE12/12 (éı̯e > ie); PE12/13 (eı̯é > )
ᴱQ. [oi], [ui] became [oij], [uij] before unstressed vowel, [oj], [uj] before stressed vowel oiV́ > ojV́ ✧ PE12/13 (oy-́ > oy-́)
ᴱQ. [oi], [ui] became [oij], [uij] before unstressed vowel, [oj], [uj] before stressed vowel uiV́ > ujV́ ✧ PE12/13 (uy-́ > uy-́)
ᴱQ. [oi], [ui] became [oij], [uij] before unstressed vowel, [oj], [uj] before stressed vowel oiV > oijV ✧ PE12/12 (óı̯- + vowel > oiy-)
ᴱQ. [oi], [ui] became [oij], [uij] before unstressed vowel, [oj], [uj] before stressed vowel uiV > uijV ✧ PE12/12 (úı̯- + vowel > uiy-)