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N. taew n. “holder, socket, hasp, clasp, staple” (Category: Nail, Peg)

N. taew, n. “holder, socket, hasp, clasp, staple” (Category: Nail, Peg)

A noun for “holder, socket, hasp, clasp, staple” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from primitive ᴹ✶takmā “thing for fixing” under the root ᴹ√TAK “fix, make fast” (Ety/TAK). Here it seems the k vocalized to i to produce the diphthong ai, which then became ae, while the post-vocalic m softened to v and then became w as it often did at the end of words: *takma > taima > taem(a) > taev > taew. The Sindarin developments would have been similar.

Based on its long list of glosses, it seems taew could be used of fasteners in general, both movable like a hasp or clasp, as well as fixed like a staple or socket, as opposed to its Quenya cognate ᴹQ. tangwa which could be used only if a movable “hasp, clasp”.

Reference ✧ Ety/TAK ✧ “holder, socket, hasp, clasp, staple”



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶takmā > taew [takma] > [tagma] > [taŋma] > [taima] > [taim] > [taem] > [taev] > [taew] ✧ Ety/TAK