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N. falf n. “foam, breaker” (Category: Wave, Surge)

N. falf, n. “foam, breaker, [G.] wave” (Category: Wave, Surge)

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “foam, breaker” derived from the root ᴹ√PHAL “foam” (Ety/PHAL).

Conceptual Development: An obvious precursor to this word is G. falm “a breaker, a wave” from the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, derived from the early root ᴱ√fal- (GL/33); in Noldorin/Sindarin the final -m would become -f [-v]. Given the gloss “breaker” from The Etymologies, it seems likely that N. falf can also be used for a “wave”, much like its Quenya cognate Q. falma.

Reference ✧ Ety/PHAL ✧ “foam, breaker”

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√PHAL/PHÁLAS > falf [pʰalma] > [ɸalma] > [falma] > [falm] > [falv] ✧ Ety/PHAL

G. falm n. “breaker, wave” (Category: Wave, Surge)

See N. falf for discussion.

References ✧ GL/33; LT1A/Falman

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√fal-¹ > falm [ɸalma] > [falma] > [falm] ✧ GL/33