S. [h]

S. [h]

References ✧ LotR/1113, 1115; PE18/92

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Developments

khy- > h [kʰj-] > [kʰ-] > [x-] > [h-] ✧ LotR/1115
sy- > h [sj-] > [j̊-] > [x-] > [h-] ✧ LotR/1115

Phonetic Development

S. initial nasals vanished before stops x- < ŋx- ✧ PE18/92 (ŋk > h-)
S. medial [x] became [h] in Gondorian pronunciation -h- < -x- ✧ LotR/1113 (ch > h)

N. [h]

References ✧ PE19/20-21

Inflections

ch soft-mutation; h-mutation ✧ PE19/20; PE19/20; PE19/21

Element In

Phonetic Development

N. initial [s] vanished before spirants x- < sx- ✧ PE19/20 (skh- > h-); PE19/20 (skh- > h-)
N. initial [x] became [h] h- < x- ✧ PE19/21 (χ- > h-)

G. [h]

References ✧ GG/7; PE15/12

Variations

Inflections

·ch soft-mutation; h-mutation ✧ GG/7

Element In