ᴺQ. [ᴱQ.] oryat (oryap-) n. “badger” (Category: Animals (other))
A word appearing as ᴱQ. oryat “badger” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√ORO¹ “steepness, rising” (QL/70). Tolkien marked the word with a “?” and gave it two different stem forms oryak- and oryap-. In the contemporaneous Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa, the word had only one stem form oryap-, and appeared beside a longer form oryapin, perhaps an accusative or feminine form (PE12/xxi). With this stem form, it might be a combination of ᴱ√ORO¹ “high” with (onomatopoeic?) ᴱ√YAPA “snarl”, so perhaps originally meaning “*high-yapper” referring to the badger’s high-pitched bark, as suggested by Lokyt in a 2021 Discord chat.
Neo-Quenya: I would retain ᴺQ. oryat (oryap-) “badger” for purposes of Neo-Quenya, with the semi-onomatopoeic derivation “*high-yapper” suggested above.
References ✧ PME/70; QL/70
|oryap-||stem||✧ PME/70; QL/70|
|ᴱ√YAPA||“snarl, snap, bark ill-temperedly”|
|ᴱ√ORO¹ > ‽oryat||[orjap] > [orjat]||✧ QL/70|