Neo-Quenya Semantic Categories



1. Physical World

1.1 World

Q., ᴹQ. Ambar n. “The World, Earth, (lit.) Habitation”

1.12 Universe

Q., ᴹQ. n. “Creation, the (Material) Universe, Cosmos, †World; let it be, what is, [ᴹQ.] all that is”

1.21 Earth, Land

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. cemen n. “the Earth; earth, [ᴹQ.] soil”
⚠️ᴱQ. cemi n. “earth, soil, land”; see instead:
Q. cemen “the Earth; earth, [ᴹQ.] soil”
ᴹQ. cemna adj. “of earth, earthen”
⚠️ᴱQ. cerexa adj. “of earthenware”; see instead:
ᴹQ. cemna “of earth, earthen”

1.213 Dust, Powder

ᴹQ. asto n. “dust”

1.22 Hill, Mountain

ᴹQ. aicalë n. “peak”
ᴹQ. aicassë n. “mountain peak”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. aiqua adj. “steep, ⚠️[ᴱQ.] tall; high, lofty, sublime; chief”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. am(ba)penda adj. “uphill; [ᴱQ.] arduous, difficult, tiresome”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. ambo n. “hill, rising ground, mount”
ᴹQ. ambon n. “upward slope, hill-side”
Q. ambuna adj. “hilly”
ᴹQ. ampendë n. “upward slope”
⚠️ᴱQ. †amun (amund-) n. “hill”; see instead:
Q. ambo “hill, rising ground, mount”
Q. coron n. “mound”
⚠️ᴹQ., ᴱQ. cumbë n. “mound, heap, [ᴱQ.] pile; load, ⚠️burden”; see instead:
Q. hamna “pile, (artificial) mound, [ᴹQ.] heap”
⚠️ᴱQ. cúmë n. “pile, heap; load, burden”; see instead:
Q. hamna “pile, (artificial) mound, [ᴹQ.] heap”
Q. cólo “burden”

1.24 Dale, Valley

Q. (a)nacca n. “narrows, defile, pass, cut”
ᴹQ. axa n. “ravine, narrow path; edge”
⚠️ᴹQ. cilya n. “cleft, pass between hills, gorge”; see instead:
Q. cirya² “cleft, pass”
Q. cirya² n. “cleft, pass”

1.32 Sea

Q., ᴹQ. †airë² n. “sea”
Q., ᴹQ. ëar n. “sea, great sea, ️[ᴹQ.] open sea; ⚠️water”
Q. eäron n. “ocean, great sea”

1.33 Lake, Pond

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. ailin n. “(large) lake, [ᴹQ.] pool”
⚠️ᴱQ. ailo n. “lake, pool”; see instead:
Q. ailin “(large) lake, [ᴹQ.] pool”

1.36 Brook, Stream, River

⚠️ᴱQ. axa¹ n. “waterfall”
ᴹQ. celma n. “channel”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. celumë n. “flow(ing), stream, flood (tide); ⚠️[ᴱQ.] fountain, spring”
ᴹQ. etsir n. “mouth of a river”

1.37 Spring, Well

Q. celussë n. “freshnet, water falling out swiftly from a rocky spring”
⚠️ᴱQ. ectelë n. “fountain”; see instead:
Q. ehtelë “spring, issue of water”
ᴹQ. celurë “fountain”
Q., ᴹQ. ehtelë n. “spring, issue of water”
⚠️ᴱQ. ehtil n. “spring, fount, source”; see instead:
Q. ehtelë “spring, issue of water”

1.52 Sun

⚠️ᴹQ. ala n. “day”; see instead:
Q. árë “sunlight, warmth (especially of the sun); ⚠️day”
Q. Anar n. “Sun”
ᴹQ. Anar n. “Sun”
Q., ᴹQ. árë (ári-) n. “sunlight, warmth (especially of the sun); ⚠️day”
Q. arma n. “ray of sunlight”

1.54 Star

Q., ᴹQ. †él n. “star”
Q., ᴹQ. elen n. “star”
Q. elenya adj. “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar”
Q. elvëa adj. “starlike”

1.61 Light

Q. alca- v. “to glitter, *shine out, flash”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. alca n. “ray of light, ⚠️[ᴱQ.] light of day; shining”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. cala n. “light; ⚠️[ᴱQ.] daytime (sunlight), 12 hours”
Q. cálë n. “light”

1.99 Physical World (other)

Q., ᴹQ. #caraxë n. “[ᴹQ.] jagged hedge of spikes, [ᴱQ.] row of spikes or teeth”
⚠️ᴱQ. carcassë n. “row of spikes or teeth”; see instead:
Q. #caraxë “[ᴹQ.] jagged hedge of spikes, [ᴱQ.] row of spikes or teeth”

2. Mankind

2.1 Human Being

Q. Atan n. “Man, (lit.) the Second (People)”
ᴹQ. Atan n. “Man”

2.35 Father

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. atar¹ n. “father”
⚠️ᴱQ. atta¹ n. “father (child’s word)”; see instead:
Q. atto “daddy, father (familiar/family)”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. atto n. “daddy, father (familiar/family)”
⚠️ᴱQ. attu n. “father”; see instead:
Q. atto “daddy, father (familiar/family)”
Q. atya¹ n. “daddy, (my) father”

2.36 Mother

⚠️ᴱQ. ama n. “mother”; see instead:
ᴺQ. ammë “mummy, mother”
⚠️ᴱQ. ambi n. “mother”; see instead:
Q. amil(lë) “mother”
Q., ᴹQ. amil(lë) n. “mother”
⚠️ᴱQ. amis (amist-) n. “mother”; see instead:
Q. amil(lë) “mother”
ᴺQ., ᴹQ. [Q.] ammë n. “mummy, mother”
Q. amya n. “mummy, (orig.) my mother”
⚠️Q. emmë² n. “mummy, mother (familiar/family)”; see instead:
ᴺQ. ammë “mummy, mother”
⚠️ᴱQ. (m)ambë n. “mother”; see instead:
Q. amil(lë) “mother”

2.41 Son

⚠️ᴱQ. ion n. “son”
⚠️ᴱQ. vondo n. “son”
⚠️ᴱQ. † n. “son”
Q. yondo n. “son, ⚠️boy”
ᴹQ. yondo n. “son”
⚠️ᴱQ. yondo n. “son, male descendant, (great) grandson”

2.42 Daughter

⚠️Q. anel n. “daughter”; see instead:
Q. seldë “daughter; [ᴹQ.] child [f.]”

3. Animals

3.11 Animal

Q. #celva n. “animal, living thing that moves”

3.18 Herdsman

Q. emerwen n. “shepherdess”

3.64 Bird

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. aiwë n. “(small) bird”
ᴹQ. ambalë n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
⚠️ᴱQ. caron n. “crow”
Q. #cirincë n. “scarlet-plumed species of bird”
ᴹQ. corco n. “crow”
ᴹQ. cucua n. “dove”
⚠️ᴱQ. ëa(r) n. “(young) eagle”; see instead:
Q. ëar “sea, great sea, ️[ᴹQ.] open sea; ⚠️water”
Q. soron “eagle”
⚠️ᴱQ. ëaren (ëarend-) n. “eyrie, (young) eagle”; see instead:
ᴺQ. sornion “eyrie”
Q. soron “eagle”

3.77 Elephant

ᴹQ. andamunda n. “elephant”
⚠️ᴱQ. hunto n. “elephant”; see instead:
ᴹQ. andamunda “elephant”

3.85 Snake

ᴹQ. ango (angu-) n. “snake, dragon”
⚠️ᴱQ. oqui n. “snake”; see instead:
Q. leuca “snake”

3.86 Swan

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. alqua n. “swan”

3.99 Animals (other)

ᴹQ. angulócë n. “dragon”

4. Body Parts and Functions

4.16 Bone

⚠️ᴹQ., ᴱQ. #as (astu-) n. “bone”; see instead:
Q. axo¹ “bone”
Q. axo¹ n. “bone”

4.19 Back

⚠️ᴱQ. eccë (ecci-) n. “thorn”; see instead:
ᴹQ. ecco “spine, point, thorn”
ᴹQ. ecco n. “spine, point, thorn”
⚠️ᴱQ. ehta¹ n. “thorn”; see instead:
ᴹQ. ecco “spine, point, thorn”

4.20 Head

⚠️ᴹQ., ᴱQ. cár (cas-) n. “head”; see instead:
Q. cas “head, [ᴱQ.] top, ⚠️summit”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. cas (car-) n. “head, [ᴱQ.] top, ⚠️summit”

4.204 Face

⚠️Q. #canwa² n. “face”; see instead:
Q. cendelë “face”
Q. cendelë n. “face”

4.207 Jaw

Q., ᴹQ. anca n. “jaws; [ᴹQ.] jaw, row of teeth”
⚠️ᴱQ. n. “jaw”; see instead:
Q. anca “jaws; [ᴹQ.] jaw, row of teeth”
⚠️ᴱQ. maquar n. “jaw”; see instead:
Q. anca “jaws; [ᴹQ.] jaw, row of teeth”

4.22 Ear

⚠️ᴱQ. ancar (ancas-) n. “ear (of men)”; see instead:
Q. hlas “ear”
Q. hlas (hlar-) n. “ear”
⚠️ᴹQ. lár n. “ear”; see instead:
Q. hlas “ear”
⚠️ᴱQ. unc(o) (unqu-) n. “ear (of animals); corner, sticking out edge”; see instead:
Q. hlas “ear”

4.24 Mouth

Q., ᴱQ. anto n. “mouth, [ᴱQ.] jaw, *mouth as a thing for eating”
⚠️Q. carpa n. “(entire) mouth; phonetic system”; see instead:
Q. songa “mouth (interior cavity behind the teeth containing the tongue)”
Q. lambelë “phonetics”

4.27 Tooth

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. carca n. “fang, [ᴹQ.] tooth, [ᴱQ.] tusk; ⚠️[Q.] rock”
ᴹQ. carcanë n. “row of teeth”

4.28 Neck

Q. axë n. “neck, rock ridge”

4.332 Hand (other)

Q. ataformaitë adj. “ambidextrous”
Q. atamaitë adj. “two-handed”
⚠️Q., ᴹQ. #cambë n. “(hollow of) hand”; see instead:
Q. camba “(cupped) hand, hollow of the hand”

4.39 Nail, Claw

ᴹQ. atsa¹ n. “claw, catch, hook”

4.63 to Wake

ᴹQ. cuivëa adj. “wakening”
Q., ᴹQ. cuivië¹ n. “awakening”
⚠️ᴱQ. quívië n. “awakening”; see instead:
Q. cuivië¹ “awakening”

4.74 to Live; Living; Life

Q., ᴱQ. coirëa adj. “living, ⚠️[ᴱQ.] lively, alive”
Q., ᴱQ. coiv(i)ë n. “life, [ᴱQ.] liveliness; ⚠️awakening”
⚠️ᴹQ. cuilë n. “life, being alive”; see instead:
Q. coiv(i)ë “life, [ᴱQ.] liveliness; ⚠️awakening”
⚠️ᴹQ. cuina adj. “alive”; see instead:
ᴺQ. coina “alive, ⚠️living”
Q. coirëa “living, ⚠️[ᴱQ.] lively, alive”

4.81 Strong, Mighty, Powerful

Q. astalda adj. “strong, *valiant”

4.83 Well; Health

⚠️ᴹQ. al- v. “to thrive”; see instead:
Q. ala-¹ “to plant, grow (of plants); *to thrive, flourish”

4.84 Sick; Sickness

ᴹQ. caila adj. and n. “lying in bed, bedridden; sickness”
ᴹQ. caimassë n. “lying in bed, sickness”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. caimassëa adj. “bedridden, sick, [ᴱQ.] confined to bed, a-bed”
Q., ᴹQ. #engwa adj. “sickly”

4.86 to Cure, Heal

Q. #envinyata- v. “to renew, heal”

4.88 Medicine, Drug

Q. asëa [þ] n. “healing herb, athelas”
ᴹQ. asëa [þ] n. “*healing herb”
ᴹQ. asëa aranaitë [þ] n. “*kingsfoil”
Q. asëa aranion [þ] n. “kingsfoil, asëa of the Kings”

4.999 Body Parts and Functions (other)

ᴹQ. erca n. “prickle, spine”

5. Food and Drink

5.26 Pot

ᴹQ., ᴱQ. calpa n. “water-vessel, bucket”

5.35 Cup

Q. cilinyul n. “drinking-vessel (made of glass)”

5.51 Bread

Q. coimas n. “life-bread, lembas”
⚠️Q. lerembas n. “bread taken on leaving home (for a long journey)”; see instead:
Q. coimas “life-bread, lembas”

5.61 Meat

ᴹQ. apsa¹ n. “meat, cooked food”

5.71 Fruit

⚠️ᴱQ. culmarin (culmarind-) n. “orange”; see instead:
ᴹQ. culuma “orange [fruit]”
ᴹQ. culuma n. “orange [fruit]”
⚠️ᴱQ. culurin n. “piece of gold; orange”; see instead:
ᴹQ. culuma “orange [fruit]”

6. Clothing and Adornment

6.41 Cloak

Q. collo n. “cloak”

6.71 Adornment (personal)

Q. carrëa n. “tressure”

6.73 Finger Ring

⚠️ᴹQ. colma n. “ring (?on finger)”; see instead:
Q. #corma “ring”
Q. #corma n. “ring”

6.96 Mirror

Q. cilintilla n. “looking-glass”

7. Dwelling and Furniture

7.12 House

ᴹQ. car¹ (card-) n. “building, house”
Q. coa n. “house; outhouse, shed, hut, booth; building used for a dwelling or other purposes; †body”

7.21 Room

ᴹQ., ᴱQ. caimasan (caimasamb-) n. “bedchamber”

7.22 Door, Gate

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. ando n. “gate, (great) door; †entrances, approaches”
⚠️ᴱQ. pondo n. “gate”; see instead:
Q. ando “gate, (great) door; †entrances, approaches”

7.28 Roof

ᴹQ. coromindo n. “cupola, dome”

7.29 House (other)

ᴹQ. ampano n. “building (especially of wood), wooden hall, construction, edifice”
ᴹQ. ataquë n. “construction, building”

7.42 Bed

ᴹQ., ᴱQ. caima n. “bed, [ᴱQ.] couch”
⚠️ᴱQ. camba n. “bed”; see instead:
ᴹQ. caima “bed, [ᴱQ.] couch”

7.45 Lamp

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. calma n. “lamp, (device for shining) light, [ᴱQ.] ⚠️candle; (day)light”
⚠️ᴹQ., ᴱQ. calumet (calumett-) n. “lamp”; see instead:
Q. calma “lamp, (device for shining) light, [ᴱQ.] ⚠️candle; (day)light”

8. Agriculture and Vegetation

8.31 to Sow; Seed

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. ala-¹ v. “to plant, grow (of plants); *to thrive, flourish”
⚠️ᴹQ. alta- v. “to (make) grow”; see instead:
Q. ala-¹ “to plant, grow (of plants); *to thrive, flourish”
Q., ᴹQ. erdë n. “singularity; [ᴹQ.] seed, germ”

8.33 Scythe, Sickle

⚠️ᴱQ. calca n. “sickle”; see instead:
Q. circa “sickle”
Q., ᴹQ. circa n. “sickle”

8.57 Flower

⚠️Q. alalbë n. “inflorescence”; see instead:
Q. alalmë “inflorescence”
Q. alalmë n. “inflorescence”
⚠️Q. alba n. “flower”; see instead:
Q. alma “flower”
Q. alma n. “flower”

8.60 Tree (generic)

⚠️ᴹQ., ᴱQ. alalmë n. “elm-tree”; see instead:
Q. alvë “elm”
Q. alalmë “inflorescence”
Q. alalvëa adj. “having many elms”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. alda n. “tree, ⚠️[ᴱQ.] branch”
Q. aldarembina adj. “tree-meshed”
ᴹQ. aldarwa adj. “having trees, tree-grown”
Q. aldinga n. “tree-top”
Q. alvë n. “elm”
Q. culumalda n. “laburnum, *(lit.) orange-tree”

8.62 Beech

⚠️ᴱQ. neldor n. “beech”

8.68 Tobacco

Q. alanessë n. “nicotiana, pipeweed”

8.99 Vegetation (other)

ᴹQ. ëaruilë n. “seaweed”
ᴹQ. ercassë n. “holly”

9. Physical Acts and Materials

9.11 to Do, Make

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. car- v. “to do, make, [ᴹQ.] build”
⚠️ᴹQ. car² (card-) n. “deed”; see instead:
Q. carda “deed”
Q. carda n. “deed”
Q. #carë n. “action, doing, making”
Q., ᴱQ. carina adj. “done, [ᴱQ.] finished”
⚠️ᴱQ. carma n. “shape, fashion; act, deed”; see instead:
Q. canta² “shape, framework, [ᴹQ.] frame; shaped”
Q. carda “deed”
Q. #-carya suf. “doing”

9.14 to Bend

Q. cúna adj. “bent, curved”
Q. cúna- v. “to bend”

9.22 to Cut

Q. #aucir- v. “to cut off (and get rid of or lose a portion)”
⚠️ᴱQ. ciris (cirist-) n. “cleft, crack”; see instead:
Q. cirya² “cleft, pass”
ᴹQ. cirissë “slash, gash”
ᴹQ. cirissë n. “slash, gash”

9.35 to Pour

ᴹQ. calpa- v. “to draw water, scoop out, bale out”

9.41 Craft, Trade

Q., ᴱQ. curu n. “skill; [ᴱQ.] magic, wizardry”
Q., ᴹQ. curwë n. “[ᴹQ.] craft, [Q.] skill of the hand, technical skill and invention”

9.412 Art

Q. carmë n. “art; making, production; structure”

9.422 Tool

Q. carma² n. “tool, implement, means, weapon”
Q. curo (curu-) n. “skillful (?device)”
Q. tamma n. “tool”

9.44 to Build

Q. carasta- v. “to build”
Q. cat- v. “to shape, fashion”

9.46 to Bore

ᴹQ. erca- v. “to prick”

9.54 Brick

ᴹQ. ambal n. “shaped stone, flag”

9.66 Copper, Bronze

Q. calarus (calarust-) n. “polished copper”

9.67 Iron

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. anga n. “iron”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. angaina adj. “of iron”
⚠️ᴱQ. ere(n) n. “iron, steel”; see instead:
Q. anga “iron”
Q. tornanga “iron hard; hard-iron, *steel”

9.71 Potter

ᴹQ. cemnaro n. “potter”
⚠️ᴹQ. centano n. “potter”; see instead:
ᴹQ. cemnaro “potter”
⚠️ᴱQ. ceresto n. “potter”; see instead:
ᴹQ. cemnaro “potter”

9.74 Glass

Q. cilin n. “glass”
⚠️ᴹQ. hyellë n. “glass”; see instead:
Q. cilin “glass”
⚠️ᴱQ. talquë (talqui-) n. “glass”; see instead:
Q. cilin “glass”

9.87 Painting, Picture

Q. emma n. “*picture”

9.96 Easy

Q. as(a)- [þ] pref. “easily”
Q. asalastë [þ] adj. “easily heard”
⚠️Q. asanótë [þ] adj. “*easily counted”
Q. ascénima [þ] adj. “visible, easily seen”
Q. asra [þ] adj. “?easy”

10. Motion and Transportation

10.22 to Lift, Raise

Q. #amorta- v. “to heave”
⚠️ᴱQ. qualumë² adj. “heaving”

10.23 to Fall

Q. atalantë n. “collapse, downfall”
Q. atalantëa adj. “ruinous, downfallen”
ᴹQ. atalta- v. “to collapse, fall in, fall down, slip down in ruin”

10.48 to Come

⚠️ᴱQ. #antulu- v. “to return”; see instead:
Q. #entul- “to come again, *return”
⚠️ᴹQ. attul- v. “to come back, return”; see instead:
Q. #entul- “to come again, *return”
Q. #entul- v. “to come again, *return”
Q., ᴹQ. *ettul- v. “to come out, issue”

10.49 to Depart, Go Away

Q., ᴹQ. auta-¹ v. “to go (away), depart, leave; to disappear, be lost, pass away”
⚠️ᴱQ. #ava- v. “to depart”; see instead:
Q. auta-¹ “to go (away), depart, leave; to disappear, be lost, pass away”
Q., ᴱQ. #cir- v. “to cut, [ᴱQ.] cleave; *to sail”
⚠️ᴱQ. vana- v. “to pass, depart, vanish, go away”; see instead:
Q. auta-¹ “to go (away), depart, leave; to disappear, be lost, pass away”
⚠️Q., ᴹQ. vanya- v. “to pass, [ᴹQ.] go, depart, disappear”; see instead:
Q. auta-¹ “to go (away), depart, leave; to disappear, be lost, pass away”

10.61 to Bear, Carry

Q. #col- v. “to bear, carry, wear”
Q. #colindo n. “bearer”
Q. colla adj. and n. “borne, worn; vestment, cloak”

10.71 Road

ᴺQ., ᴱQ. [ᴱQ.] aldeon (aldeond-) n. “avenue (of trees)”

10.81 Ship

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. cirya¹ n. and adj. “(sharp-prowed) ship, [ᴹQ.] boat; [Q.] swift gliding”

10.82 Sailor

Q. ciryamo n. “mariner”
Q. ciryando n. “sailor”
Q. ciryaquen n. “shipman, sailor”

11. Possession and Trade

11.12 to Own, Possess

ᴹQ. arwa adj. and suf. “possessing, having, in control of”

11.21 to Give

⚠️ᴱQ. an (and-) n. “gift”; see instead:
Q. anna “gift, (orig.) thing handed, brought or sent to a person”
⚠️ᴱQ. anar (anard-) n. “giver”
Q., ᴹQ. anna n. “gift, (orig.) thing handed, brought or sent to a person”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. anta- v. “to give, present; †to add to”
ᴹQ. antë n. “giver (f.)”
ᴹQ. anto n. “giver (m.)”

11.24 to Save, Preserve, Keep Safe

Q. etelehta- v. “*to deliver”
Q. eterúna- v. “*to deliver”

11.31 to Seek

Q. ces- [þ] v. “to search, examine (in order to find something)”
Q., ᴹQ. cesta- [þ] v. “to seek, search for; to ask”
⚠️ᴱQ. saca- v. “to pursue, look for, search”; see instead:
Q. ces- “to search, examine (in order to find something)”

11.41 Property

ᴹQ. armar coll. “goods”

11.48 Heir

ᴹQ. aryon n. “heir”
Q. atamir n. “heirloom”

11.57 Thief

Q. arpo n. “seizer, thief”

12. Spatial Relations

12.14 to Lie, Recline

Q., ᴹQ. caita-¹ v. “to lie ⚠️(down)”

12.17 to Remain, be Left Over

⚠️ᴱQ. #er- v. “to remain”; see instead:
ᴹQ. lemya- “to remain, tarry”

12.21 to Gather, Collect

Q. comya- v. “to collect”
⚠️Q. conta- v. “[unglossed]”

12.25 to Shut, Close

Q. avalatya- v. “to close, shut”

12.37 Middle

Q. #endëa adj. “middle”
ᴺQ. [Q.] ^endya adj. “central, ⚠️middle”
⚠️Q. entya adj. “central, middle”; see instead:
ᴺQ. ^endya “central, ⚠️middle”
⚠️ᴹQ. enya adj. “middle”; see instead:
Q. #endëa “middle”

12.38 Center

Q. enda n. “heart; center, *interior”
Q., ᴹQ. endë n. “centre, middle; [ᴹQ.] core”

12.392 Out, Outside

Q., ᴹQ. #ava¹ adv. and adj. “[ᴹQ.] outside, beyond; outer, exterior”
⚠️ᴱQ. ere-¹ pref. “out”; see instead:
Q. #et(e)- “[ᴹQ.] forth, out”
⚠️ᴱQ. erúmëa adj. “outer, outermost”; see instead:
Q. #ava¹ “[ᴹQ.] outside, beyond; outer, exterior”
⚠️ᴱQ. erus(ta) adj. and n. “outside”; see instead:
ᴹQ. ettë¹ “outside”
⚠️ᴱQ. es- pref. “*out”; see instead:
Q. #et(e)- “[ᴹQ.] forth, out”
Q., ᴹQ. et prep. “out (of)”
Q., ᴹQ. #et(e)- pref. “[ᴹQ.] forth, out”
ᴹQ. etsë n. “outside, exterior”
ᴹQ. ettë¹ adj. “outside”

12.394 Up, Above, Over

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. #am- pref. “up, [ᴱQ.] upwards”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. amba¹ adv. “up(wards)”
⚠️ᴱQ. am(u)- pref. “up(wards)”; see instead:
Q. #am- “up, [ᴱQ.] upwards”
⚠️ᴱQ. amu adv. “up(wards)”; see instead:
Q. amba¹ “up(wards)”

12.397 Beyond

Q. ambela adv. “further still beyond, far away beyond”

12.398 To, Towards

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. †an(a) prep. “to, towards, to a point near, alongside; ⚠️[ᴱQ.] until”
ᴺQ., Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. [Q.] ana- pref. “to, towards”

12.399 From, Away

Q. au- pref. “away (from)”
Q., ᴱQ. au¹ adv. “away, off, not here (of position)”

12.43 Near (adj)

Q. am(be)na adv. “nearer to”

12.44 Far (adj)

ᴹQ. avahaira adj. “*far beyond, very remote”
ᴹQ. eccaira adj. “?out-far”
Q., ᴹQ. en adv. “(then) soon, [ᴹQ.] in that (future) case; there, yonder; look yon(der); ⚠️far away; that, [ᴱQ.] that by you; thereupon”

12.46 West

Q. andúna adj. “western”

12.51 Form, Shape (n)

Q., ᴹQ. canta- v. “to shape”
Q., ᴹQ. canta² n. “shape, framework, [ᴹQ.] frame; shaped”

12.55 Big, Large, Great

ᴹQ. alta (alat-) adj. “large, great in size”

12.56 Small, Little

Q. cinta adj. “small”

12.57 Long

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. anda adj. “long, far”
Q., ᴹQ. andavë adv. “long, at great length”
⚠️ᴱQ. ande(a) (andi-) adj. “long (of space)”; see instead:
Q. anda “long, far”

12.62 Narrow

ᴹQ. arca adj. “narrow”

12.75 Hook, Crook

Q., ᴹQ. ampa n. “hook, [ᴹQ.] crook”

12.81 Round (adj)

⚠️ᴱQ. corima adj. “round”; see instead:
ᴹQ. corna “round, globed”
ᴹQ. corna adj. “round, globed”

12.82 Circle

ᴹQ., ᴱQ. corin n. “circular enclosure, [ᴱQ.] great circular hedge”

12.83 Sphere

ᴹQ. coron (corn-) n. “globe, ball”

12.85 Hole

⚠️ᴱQ. apsa n. “hole, opening”; see instead:
ᴹQ. assa “hole, perforation, opening, mouth”
ᴹQ. assa n. “hole, perforation, opening, mouth”
ᴺQ. !ecca n. “hole”

12.93 to Change

Q. #ahya- v. “to change”

12.99 Spatial Relations (other)

ᴺQ., ᴱQ. [ᴱQ.] cúnë n. “crescent, arch, ⚠️bow”

13. Quantity and Number

13.13 Whole

Q. aqua adv. “fully, completely, altogether, wholly”

13.16 More

Q. amba² adj. and n. “more”
Q. ambë adv. “more”
Q. arta¹ adv. “etcetera”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. enta adj. “another, one more; ⚠️[ᴹQ.] that yonder, then (fut.); [ᴱQ.] that there (emphatic)”

13.21 Full

Q. ataquanta- v. “*to refill, fill a second time, double fill”
Q. enquanta- v. “to refill”

13.22 Empty

ᴹQ. cúma n. “void”
ᴹQ. cumna adj. “empty”
Q. -enca suf. “without, -less”
⚠️ᴹQ. -lóra suf. “without, less”; see instead:
Q. -enca “without, -less”
⚠️ᴱQ. -viltë (-vilti-) suf. “-less”; see instead:
Q. -enca “without, -less”

13.25 Fraction, Division

⚠️Q. caista fraction. “one tenth”; see instead:
ᴺQ. ^quaista “one tenth”
⚠️ᴱQ. cesto fraction. “one tenth”; see instead:
ᴺQ. ^quaista “one tenth”
⚠️ᴱQ. cestya adj. “one tenth”; see instead:
ᴺQ. ^quaista “one tenth”
ᴺQ. [Q.] ^quaista fraction. “one tenth”

13.31 Numerals

Q. atatya adj. “double”
Q., ᴹQ. atta num. card. “two”
Q. attëa num. ord. “second”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. canta¹ num. card. “four”
Q. cantëa num. ord. “fourth”
⚠️ᴱQ. canya num. ord. “fourth”; see instead:
Q. cantëa “fourth”
⚠️ᴱQ. endë num. card. “six”; see instead:
Q. enquë “six”
⚠️ᴱQ. enetya num. ord. “sixth”; see instead:
Q. enquëa “sixth”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. enquë num. card. “six”
Q. enquëa num. ord. “sixth”
⚠️ᴱQ. satta adj. “both”; see instead:
Q. yúyo “both”
⚠️ᴱQ. satto adj. “both; the two”; see instead:
Q. atta “two”
⚠️ᴹQ. tanta adj. “double”; see instead:
Q. atatya “double”

13.33 Alone, Only

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. er adj. and adv. “one, alone; ⚠️[ᴱQ.] only, a single”
⚠️ᴱQ. er² adv. and conj. “only, but, still”; see instead:
Q. er “one, alone; ⚠️[ᴱQ.] only, a single”
Q. mal “but”
Q. tensi “already, still, up to now, here; yet [from present]”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. #eressë n. “[ᴹQ.] solitude; ⚠️[ᴱQ.] alone, by oneself, singly, only; once”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. eressëa adj. “lonely”
Q. erinqua adj. “single, alone”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. erya adj. “single, sole, only”

13.34 First

⚠️ᴹQ. enna² adj. “first”; see instead:
Q. minya “first; eminent, prominent”
⚠️ᴹQ. essëa¹ adj. “?primary”; see instead:
Q. minya “first; eminent, prominent”
Q. eteminya adj. “prominent”

14. Time

14.13 New

Q. ceura adj. “renewed”

14.21 Fast, Swift, Quick

ᴹQ. alaco n. “rush, rushing flight, wild wind”

14.35 Again

⚠️ᴱQ. #an- pref. “re-”; see instead:
Q. en- “re-, again”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. at(a)- pref. “double, [repeat a] second time; [ᴱQ.] bi-, twi-; [ᴹQ.] back, again, re-”
ᴹQ. ata adv. “again, *(lit.) a second time”
Q. en- pref. “re-, again”
⚠️ᴱQ. ento adv. “next”; see instead:
Q. entë¹ “moreover, further(more), what is more; *next (of time or in a sequence)”

14.37 After

Q. apa¹ pref. “after (of time)”
Q. epë prep. “after (of time), following; before (in all relations but time)”
Q. opo prep. “before, in front (of place); after (of time)”
⚠️ᴱQ. potë (potsi-) adv. “after, behind (of place)”

14.41 Day

⚠️ᴹQ. alan n. “daytime”; see instead:
ᴹQ. arië “daytime”
ᴹQ. arië n. “daytime”
Q., ᴱQ. aurë n. “day (as opposed to night), daylight; ⚠️sunlight, [ᴱQ.] sunshine, gold light, warmth”

14.43 Dawn

Q. †amaurëa n. “dawn, early day”
Q., ᴹQ. ambarónë n. “dawn; [ᴹQ.] uprising, sunrise, Orient”
⚠️ᴱQ. amuntë n. “sun-rise, (lit.) lifting”; see instead:
Q. ambarónë “dawn; [ᴹQ.] uprising, sunrise, Orient”
ᴹQ. anarórë n. “sunrise”
⚠️ᴹQ. artuilë n. “dayspring, early morn”; see instead:
Q. ambarónë “dawn; [ᴹQ.] uprising, sunrise, Orient”
⚠️ᴱQ. orontë n. “sun-rise”

14.44 Morning

ᴹQ. arin n. “morning”
ᴹQ. arinya adj. “morning, early”
⚠️ᴱQ. cálë n. “morning”; see instead:
ᴹQ. arin “morning”
Q. cálë “light”

14.462 Dusk

Q., ᴹQ. andúnë n. “sunset, evening, (orig.) going down; west”

14.49 Yesterday

ᴹQ. enyárë adv. “in that day”

14.61 Week

Q. enquië n. “Elvish week of six days”
⚠️ᴹQ. lemnar n. “(Valarin five-day) week”; see instead:
Q. enquië “Elvish week of six days”
ᴺQ. otsola “(seven-day) week”

14.62 Sunday

Q., ᴹQ. Anarya n. “Sunday, (lit.) Sun-day”

14.64 Tuesday

⚠️ᴹQ. Aldarya n. “*Tuesday”; see instead:
Q. Aldúya “*Tuesday, Day of the Two Trees”
Q. Aldëa n. “*Tuesday, Tree-day (Númenórean)”
⚠️ᴱQ. aldëa adj. “tree-shadowed”; see instead:
Q. Aldëa “*Tuesday, Tree-day (Númenórean)”
Q. Aldúya n. “*Tuesday, Day of the Two Trees”

14.68 Saturday

Q., ᴹQ. Elenya n. “Saturday, Star-day*”

14.71 Month

Q. asta n. “month; division, part (esp. one of other equal parts)”
⚠️ᴱQ. #-nto suf. “fraction suffix”

14.72 Names of the Months

Q., ᴹQ. Cermië n. “July”
⚠️ᴹQ. Nólairë n. “July, *After-summer”; see instead:
Q. Cermië “July”

14.73 Year

Q. coranar (coranár-) n. “(solar) year, (lit.) sun-round”

14.75 Spring

Q., ᴹQ. coirë n. “stirring, early spring; ⚠️[ᴱQ.] life”
⚠️ᴱQ. coirë n. “life”; see instead:
Q. coiv(i)ë “life, [ᴱQ.] liveliness; ⚠️awakening”
Q. coirë “stirring, early spring; ⚠️[ᴱQ.] life”

14.99 Time (other)

Q. andanéya adv. “long ago, once upon a time”
Q. asar [þ] n. “fixed time, festival”
Q. ceuranar n. “new sun after solstice”
⚠️Q. en(a) adv. “still”; see instead:
Q. tensi “already, still, up to now, here; yet [from present]”
Q. tenta “already, still, up to now, here; yet [from past]”

15. Sense Perception

15.44 Sound (n)

⚠️ᴹQ. escë n. “rustle, noise of leaves”

15.442 Phonetic

Q., ᴹQ. calmatéma n. “k-series”

15.51 to See

Q., ᴹQ. cen- v. “to see, behold, look”
Q., ᴹQ. cénima adj. “visible, [ᴹQ.] able to be seen”
⚠️ᴱQ. cili- v. “to see, heed”; see instead:
Q. cen- “to see, behold, look”
⚠️ᴱQ. sehta- v. “to see”; see instead:
Q. cen- “to see, behold, look”

15.52 to Look

Q. #cenda n. “inspection, reading”
Q. cenda- v. “to watch (intensively), observe (for some time); to read”
Q. ecces- [þ] v. “to find out, bring out by examining or eyeing[?]”

15.56 to Shine, Glisten

Q., ᴱQ., ᴱQ. #cal- v. “to shine”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. #calta- v. “to kindle, [ᴹQ.] (cause to) shine, light up, [ᴱQ.] set light to”
ᴹQ. élë n. “star-ray, beam, flashing of [?starry] light”

15.57 Bright

Q., ᴹQ. calima adj. “bright, luminous”
Q., ᴹQ. calina adj. “light, bright, sunny, (lit.) illumined”
⚠️ᴱQ. cal(l)u- v. “to illuminate, to light up”; see instead:
ᴹQ. calya- “to illuminate”
ᴹQ. calya- v. “to illuminate”

15.66 Red

ᴹQ. aira adj. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. carnë (carni-) adj. “red, scarlet”
ᴹQ. culda adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
ᴹQ. culina adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
ᴹQ. †cullo n. “red gold”
⚠️ᴱQ. culmarinda adj. “orange-coloured”; see instead:
ᴹQ. culuina “orange (coloured); ⚠️of gold, golden”
⚠️ᴹQ. culo n. “flame”; see instead:
Q. runya “fiery red”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. culuina adj. “orange (coloured); ⚠️of gold, golden”
⚠️ᴱQ. culurinda adj. “orange-coloured”; see instead:
ᴹQ. culuina “orange (coloured); ⚠️of gold, golden”
⚠️ᴱQ. culuvoitë (culuvoisi-) adj. “golden”; see instead:
Q. laurëa “golden (of hue)”

15.78 Sharp

Q., ᴹQ. aica adj. “fell, terrible, dire; [ᴹQ.] sharp”

15.84 Dry, Arid

ᴹQ. erumë n. “desert”

15.85 Hot, Warm

Q. asta- v. “to heat, bake (by exposure to sun)”

16. Emotion

16.11 Soul, Spirit

Q. coacalina n. “light of the house, indwelling spirit”

16.18 Good Fortune

ᴹQ. almarë n. “blessedness, blessings, good fortune, bliss”
ᴹQ. almárëa adj. “blessed”
Q. almë n. “good (or blessed) thing, blessing, piece of good fortune, *luck”
Q., ᴹQ. alya adj. “[ᴹQ.] rich, prosperous, abundant, blessed; ⚠️[Q.] fair, good”

16.22 Joy

Q., ᴹQ. alassë n. “happiness, [ᴹQ.] joy, merriment”
ᴺQ. !alassëa n. “happy, joyful, merry”

16.24 Happy; Happiness

Q. al(a)-² pref. “well, happily”

16.31 Pain, Suffering

⚠️ᴱQ. angayassë n. “misery”

16.43 Rage, Fury

Q., ᴹQ. aha n. “rage”

16.47 Fame, Glory

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. alcar n. “glory, splendour, radiance, brilliance”
⚠️ᴱQ. alcara adj. “brilliant, bright, shining”; see instead:
Q. alcarin(qua) “glorious, brilliant, [ᴹQ.] radiant”
Q., ᴹQ. alcarin(qua) adj. “glorious, brilliant, [ᴹQ.] radiant”

16.52 Brave, Courageous

ᴹQ. canya adj. “bold; ⚠️wise”

16.53 Fear, Fright

ᴹQ. aista- v. “to dread”
Q. áya n. “awe”

16.622 Desire

Q. cilmë n. “choice, choosing, *selection”

16.63 Hope (n)

Q. estel n. “hope, trust, *faith”

16.65 Faithful

Q. astar n. “faith, loyalty”

16.69 to Forgive

Q. #apsen- v. “to remit, release, forgive”
Q. #avatyar- v. “*to forgive, (lit.) do away with”

16.71 Good

⚠️Q. alacarna adj. “well-done, well-made”
Q. alahasta adj. “unmarred”
Q. alamen n. “good omen on departure”
⚠️Q. alatúlië n. “welcome”
⚠️Q. alatulya- v. “to welcome”
⚠️Q. amatúlië n. “blessed arrival”
⚠️Q. amatulya- v. “to welcome (of something blessed)”
Q. arya adj. “excelling, *better”
Q. arya- v. “to excel”

16.99 Emotion (other)

Q. awalda adj. “move[d], stirred, excited”
ᴹQ. faica adj. “contemptible, mean”
⚠️ᴱQ. faica² adj. “bad, worthless, useless”; see instead:
Q. urra “bad”
Q. úmara “bad, ill-used, evil, sinister”
ᴺQ. !lamára “useless, worthless, unsuitable”
ᴹQ. faica “contemptible, mean”
Q. faila adj. “fair-minded, just, generous”

17. Mind and Thought

17.20 Imagination

ᴹQ. aulë n. “invention”
⚠️ᴱQ. aulë (auli-) adj. “shaggy”
ᴹQ. auta-² v. “to invent, originate, devise”

17.22 Stupid, Foolish

Q. alasaila adj. “unwise”

17.31 to Remember

Q. #enyal- v. “to recall”
Q. #enyalië n. “memory, (lit.) recalling”

17.99 Mind and Thought (other)

Q. cesya- [þ] v. “to cause interest, interest (oneself), (lit.) to cause one to enquire”

18. Language and Music

18.14 Various Cries

Q. ai¹ interj. “ah, alas”
Q. aiya interj. “hail; behold, lo”
⚠️ᴱQ. ala¹ interj. “behold, look”; see instead:
Q. ela “behold!”
Q., ᴹQ. alla interj. “welcome, hail”
⚠️ᴱQ. áyë interj. “hail”; see instead:
Q. aiya “hail; behold, lo”
⚠️ᴹQ. é interj. “indeed”; see instead:
Q. naitië “indeed, truly”
⚠️ᴱQ. ëa interj. “a cry of pain or woe”
Q. ela interj. “behold!”
ᴹQ. nai interj. “alas”

18.21 to Speak, Talk

⚠️Q. carpa- v. “to talk, speak, use tongue”; see instead:
ᴺQ. ^pahta- “to speak, talk (intransitive)”

18.22 to Say

⚠️Q. ataquetië n. “saying again, repetition”
Q. enquet- v. “to repeat, say again”
Q. equë v. “say, says, said”
Q. eques (equess-) n. “saying, (current or proverbial) dictum, quotation from someone’s uttered words, *quote”

18.24 Language

⚠️Q. carpassë n. “mouth-system; full organized language, including system, vocabulary, metre, etc.”; see instead:
Q. lambelë “phonetics”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ., ᴱQ. Eldarin adj. and n. “of the Eldar; Elvish (language)”

18.28 Name

Q. #amilessë n. “mother-name”
Q. anessë n. “given (or added) name, nickname, surname”
⚠️ᴱQ. en(wë) (emb-) n. “name”; see instead:
Q. essë¹ “name”
Q. epessë n. “after-name”
Q., ᴹQ. essë¹ n. “name”

18.37 to Refuse

⚠️ᴹQ. apsa- v. “to away, go away”; see instead:
Q. apta- “to refuse, deny, say nay”
Q. auta-¹ “to go (away), depart, leave; to disappear, be lost, pass away”
Q. apta- v. “to refuse, deny, say nay”
Q. avá (áva-) particle. “don’t, negative imperative”
Q. ava-¹ v. “to refuse, forbid”
Q. ava-² pref. “negation (refusing or forbidden)”
⚠️ᴹQ. lala- v. “to deny”; see instead:
Q. apta- “to refuse, deny, say nay”
Q. láquet- “to deny (fact or accusation); (lit.) to say ‘it is not’”
Q. lala- “*to laugh”

18.38 to Forbid

Q. avanwa adj. “refused, forbidden, banned”
Q. avanyárima adj. “unspeakable, what one must not tell, not to be told or related”
Q. avaquétima adj. “not to be said, that must not be said”

18.42 to Call, Name

ᴹQ. esta-¹ v. “to name”

18.51 to Write

ᴹQ. amatixë n. “dot or point placed above the line of writing”

18.52 to Read

Q. ethenta- v. “to read aloud”

18.53 Letter of the Alphabet

Q., ᴹQ. andatehta n. “long-mark”
Q. certa n. “rune”

18.54 Letter, Epistle

Q. centa n. “enquiry, *essay”

19. Social Relations

19.11 Country ('European')

Q. #aranië n. “kingdom”
⚠️ᴱQ. túrin n. “king(dom)”; see instead:
Q. #aranië “kingdom”
⚠️Q. #túrinasta n. “*kingdom”; see instead:
Q. #aranië “kingdom”
⚠️Q. #túrindië n. “*kingdom”; see instead:
Q. #aranië “kingdom”

19.14 Region, Territory

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. arda n. “region, realm, particular land or region; ⚠️[ᴱQ.] place, spot”

19.31 to Rule, Govern

ᴺQ., Q. [Q.] cunya- v. “to rule”

19.32 King

Q., ᴹQ. aran n. “king”
⚠️ᴹQ. araníë n. “kingship”; see instead:
Q. aranus(së) “kingship”
Q. aranus(së) n. “kingship”
⚠️ᴹQ. haran n. “king, chieftain, lord or king of a specified region”; see instead:
Q. aran “king”

19.35 Prince

Q. aranel n. “princess”
Q., ᴹQ. cundo (cundu-) n. “lord, guardian, [ᴹQ.] prince”
⚠️ᴱQ. turwen n. “princess”; see instead:
Q. aranel “princess”

19.36 Noble, Nobleman

Q. ar(a)- pref. “noble, high”
Q. arandil n. “king’s friend, royalist”
Q. arandur n. “minister, steward, (lit.) king’s servant”
Q. arata adj. “high, noble, exalted, lofty”
Q. aráto n. “champion, eminent man, noble, lord, king”
Q. arquen n. “noble, knight”
ᴹQ. callo n. “noble man, hero”

19.44 Free (adj)

⚠️ᴹQ. (a)ranya adj. “free”; see instead:
Q. ráva “free, unfettered, uncontrolled, lawless”
ᴹQ. mirima adj. “free”

19.45 to Order, Command

Q. canwa¹ n. “announcement, order”
Q. canya- v. “?to command”

19.52 Foe, Enemy

Q. #cotto n. “*enemy”
ᴹQ. cotumo n. “enemy”
ᴹQ. cotya adj. “hostile”
⚠️ᴹQ. untamo n. “enemy”; see instead:
ᴹQ. cotumo “enemy”

19.55 Stranger

ᴹQ. ettelë n. “outer lands, foreign parts”
ᴹQ. ettelëa adj. “foreign”

19.58 to Help, Aid

Q. alya- v. “to cause to prosper, bless (a work), help one”
Q. asië [þ] n. “ease, comfort”
Q. asya- [þ] v. “to ease, assist, comfort”

19.62 Strife, Quarrel

ᴹQ., ᴱQ. costa- v. “to quarrel, [ᴱQ.] debate, dispute”

20. Warfare and Hunting

20.20 Captain

Q., ᴹQ. cáno n. “commander, chief(tain), ruler, governor; †crier, herald”

20.26 Spear

⚠️ᴱQ. ectar¹ (ectard-) n. “swordsman”; see instead:
Q. macar “swordsman; †forger”
ᴹQ. ehtyar “spearman”
⚠️ᴱQ. ehtar (ehtard-) n. “swordsman, warrior; sword”; see instead:
Q. macar “swordsman; †forger”
Q. macil “sword, forged sword blade, cutting sword, [ᴱQ.] broadsword”
ᴹQ. ehtyar “spearman”
ᴹQ. ehtë (*ehti-) n. “spear”
ᴹQ. ehtyar n. “spearman”
⚠️ᴱQ. elc n. “spear”; see instead:
ᴹQ. ehtë “spear”
⚠️ᴱQ. esca n. “spear, spike”; see instead:
ᴹQ. ehtë “spear”

20.27 Sword

Q. #andamacil n. “long sword”
Q. ecet n. “short stabbing sword”
⚠️ᴱQ. ectë (exi-) n. “sword”; see instead:
Q. macil “sword, forged sword blade, cutting sword, [ᴱQ.] broadsword”
Q. ecet “short stabbing sword”
⚠️ᴱQ. ehta² n. “sword-point”; see instead:
Q. macil “sword, forged sword blade, cutting sword, [ᴱQ.] broadsword”
Q. ecet “short stabbing sword”

20.33 Helmet

Q. ambalotsë n. “uprising-flower”
⚠️ᴱQ. calla n. “helmet”; see instead:
Q. castol(o) “helmet”
⚠️Q. carma¹ n. “helm”; see instead:
Q. castol(o) “helmet”
⚠️ᴱQ. casien (casiend-) n. “helmet”; see instead:
Q. castol(o) “helmet”
⚠️ᴹQ. cassa n. “helmet”; see instead:
Q. castol(o) “helmet”
Q. castol(o) [þ] n. “helmet”

20.34 Shield

Q. cauma n. “protection, shelter, shield”

20.35 Fortress

ᴹQ. arta n. “fort, fortress”
Q. carassë n. “built fort or dwelling surrounded by bulwarks”

20.41 Victory

Q. #-ndacil suf. “-victor, -slayer”

21. Law and Judgment

21.11 Special Law

Q. axan n. “commandment, (divine) law or rule”

21.23 Witness (n)

Q. astarindo n. “bystander; supporter”
Q. astarmo n. “bystander; witness”

21.37 Penalty, Punishment

21.39 Jail, Prison

Q. avalerya- v. “to restrain, to deprive of liberty”

22. Religion and Beliefs

22.12 God

⚠️ᴱQ. Enu n. “God Almighty, Almighty Creator”; see instead:
Q. Eru “The One, God”
Q., ᴹQ. Eru n. “The One, God”
Q. Eruva adj. “divine”

22.13 Temple

Q. ainas n. “hallow, fane, *shrine, holy place, sanctuary”
⚠️ᴹQ. yána n. “holy place, fane, sanctuary”; see instead:
Q. ainas “hallow, fane, *shrine, holy place, sanctuary”
Q. yána “wide, vast, huge”

22.19 Holy, Sacred

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. aina adj. “holy, revered, numinous, *divine, ⚠️[ᴱQ.] worshipful”
Q. ainima adj. “blessed, holy (of things)”
Q., ᴱQ. aira adj. “holy, sanctified, [ᴱQ.] worshipful”
Q. airë¹ (airi-) adj. and n. “holy; sanctity, holiness”
Q. airëa adj. “holy (applied to persons)”
Q. #airita- v. “to hallow”

22.23 to Bless

Q. aina- v. “to hallow, bless, treat as holy”
Q. amanya adj. “*blessed”
Q. calambar adj. “*light-fated”
Q. manaitë adj. “*blessed, having grace”

22.33 Angel

ᴹQ., ᴱQ. Aini n. “holy one, angelic spirit (f.); ⚠️[ᴱQ.] (pagan) goddess”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. Ainu n. “holy one, angelic spirit (m.); ⚠️[ᴱQ.] (pagan) god”

22.37 Idol

Q. aian n. “holy thing or object or place”

22.44 Elf, Nymph, Fairy

Q. Casar n. “dwarf”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. Elda n. “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. Eldalië n. “People of the Eldar, Elven-folk, [ᴹQ.] Elf-folk”

22.45 Ghost, Specter, Phantom

Q. ausa n. “dim shape, spectral or vague apparition”

23. Grammar

23.3 Preposition

Q. an conj. and adv. “for, but, then, or; moreover, furthermore”
⚠️ᴱQ. ar² (as-) n. “to, against, next, on (wall)”; see instead:
Q. #as “with”
Q. “touching, against, on (above but touching); as regards, concerning, [ᴹQ.] about”
Q. ar “and; ⚠️[ᴱQ., ᴹQ.] but”
Q., ᴹQ. ar(a) prep. and adv. “beside, next [to], *near; ⚠️out, [ᴹQ.] outside”
⚠️ᴱQ. arë¹ adv. “beside, along”; see instead:
Q. ar(a) “beside, next [to], *near; ⚠️out, [ᴹQ.] outside”
Q. #as prep. “with”
ᴹQ. ava- pref. “without”
Q. #ca prep. “behind, at back of place”
⚠️ᴱQ. har(ë) prep. “near”; see instead:
Q. ar(a) “beside, next [to], *near; ⚠️out, [ᴹQ.] outside”
⚠️ᴱQ. na prep. “for”
Q. #ó prep. “with”

23.4 Pronoun

Q. †-cca suf. “your (dual)”
Q. †-ccë suf. “you (dual)”
⚠️Q. ?elmë pron. “we (emphatic inclusive), *we (emphatic exclusive)”
Q. elvë pron. “we (emphatic inclusive)”
Q. elyë pron. “thou (emphatic polite)”
Q. emmë¹ pron. “we (emphatic exclusive), *we (dual emphatic exclusive)”
Q. esto pron. “they (dual emphatic)”
ᴹQ. ettë² pron. “he (emphatic)”
⚠️ᴱQ. hëa pron. “it (emphatic); 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
⚠️ᴱQ. hië pron. “she (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
⚠️ᴱQ. húyo pron. “he (emphatic); 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
Q. issë pron. “he, *she, it (emphatic)”
⚠️ᴱQ. melmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. exclusive pronoun”
⚠️ᴱQ. quelmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. inclusive pronoun”

23.7 Comparative, Intensive

Q., ᴹQ. an(a)- pref. “intensive prefix”
ᴹQ. un-/um- pref. “intensive prefix with evil sense”

23.8 Conjunction

ᴹQ. ananta conj. “but yet, and yet”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. ar conj. “and; ⚠️[ᴱQ., ᴹQ.] but”

23.9 Affix

Q., ᴹQ. ar- pref. “by-, beside, near; ⚠️[ᴹQ.] outside”
Q. -da suf. “product of an action”
Q. -e suf. “plural of adjectives”
Q. -ëa² suf. “ordinal suffix”