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Q. farnë (farni-) n. “ash, rowan” (Category: Tree (other))

Q. farnë (farni-), n. “️ash, rowan; ⚠️[ᴹQ.] foliage” (Category: Tree (other))

A Quenya noun for the rowan-tree, appearing in an explanation of the name Orofarnë “Mountain Ash” in notes from the 1950s, though Tolkien marked it with a “?” as uncertain (PE17/83). Its older form was either fărnĭ or primitive ✶pharne; if the former, its stem form would be farni-.

Conceptual Development: In The Etymologies from the 1930s, a similar word ᴹQ. feren/ferne appears as the Quenya word for “beech-tree” under the root ᴹ√PHER(EN) (Ety/PHER). Conversely, ᴹQ. farne appeared with the gloss “foliage” as a derivative of {ᴹ√PHARAN >>} ᴹ√PHAS (EtyAC/PHARAN, PHAS). As names of trees, it is possible that Tolkien intended to replace ferne < ᴹ√PHER(EN) with farnë < √PHAR(AN).

Neo-Quenya: For the purpose of Neo-Quenya writing, I think it is worth retaining both ᴹQ. feren “beech” and Q. farnë “ash, rowan” (along with its Sindarin cognate S. faran) as etymological variants referring to two distinct species of trees. For the sense “foliage”, it is probably better to use the later word olass(i)ë.

References ✧ PE17/83




fărnĭ stem “rowan” ✧ PE17/83

Element In



Phonetic Developments

pharan- > ‽fărnĭ [pʰarani] > [pʰarane] > [pʰarne] > [ɸarne] > [farne] ✧ PE17/83
pharne > ‽farnë [pʰarne] > [ɸarne] > [farne] ✧ PE17/83

ᴹQ. farne n. “foliage” (Category: Leaf)

See Q. farnë for discussion.

References ✧ EtyAC/PHARAN, PHAS




Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√PHARAN > farne [pʰarne] > [ɸarne] > [farne] ✧ EtyAC/PHARAN
ᴹ√PHAS > farne [pʰasne] > [ɸasne] > [ɸazne] > [fazne] > [farne] ✧ EtyAC/PHARAN
ᴹ√PHAS > fazne > farne [pʰasne] > [ɸasne] > [ɸazne] > [fazne] > [farne] ✧ EtyAC/PHAS