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Q. coivië n. “life” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)

Q. coivië, n. “life, [ᴱQ.] liveliness; ⚠️awakening” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)
ᴱQ. coirë “life”
ᴱQ. loa “life”

The usual word for “life” in Tolkien’s later writings based on the root √KOY (NM/84, 119; VT49/42), in one place appearing with the variant koive (PE17/68). In another place Tolkien instead used kuivie for “life” in the phrase kuivie-lankasse “on the brink of life”, reflecting Tolkien’s ongoing vacillation between √KOY and √KUY as the root for life.

Conceptual Development: ᴱQ. koivie was “awakening” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/48) as reflected in the name ᴱQ. Koivie-néni “Waters of Awakening” from this period (QL/48), but the word was glossed “liveliness” in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon (GL/29). The noun for “life, being alive” was ᴹQ. kuile in The Etymologies of the 1930s under the root ᴹ√KUY “come to life, awake” (Ety/KUY), but was usually coivie in Tolkien’s writings from the 1950s and 60s, as noted above.

Neo-Quenya: I prefer √KOY as the root for “life” for purposes of Neo-Eldarin, so I’d use coivie as the noun “life, liveliness”, and use cuivië for “awakening” as seen in the later form of the name Q. Cuiviénen “Water of Awakening” (S/48).

References ✧ NM/84, 119; PE17/68; VT42/8; VT49/42

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

koivierya 3rd-sg-poss “*his/her life” ✧ VT49/42

Elements

-vë “abstract noun, adverb” ✧ PE17/68

Element In

Derivations


ᴹQ. kuile n. “life, being alive” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)

See Q. coivië for discussion.

Reference ✧ Ety/KUY ✧ “life, being alive”

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√KUY > kuile [kuile] ✧ Ety/KUY

ᴱQ. koivie n. “awakening; liveliness” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)

See Q. coivië for discussion.

References ✧ GL/29; LT1A/Koivië-néni; QL/48

Glosses

Related

Elements

koiva “awake; lively, living” ✧ LT1A/Koivië-néni; QL/48
-ie “abstract noun” ✧ QL/48 (#-ie)

Element In

Cognates

Derivations