Q. coivië n. “life” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)
The usual word for “life” in Tolkien’s later writings based on the root √KOY (NM/84, 119; VT49/42), in one place appearing with the variant koive (PE17/68). In another place Tolkien instead used kuivie for “life” in the phrase kuivie-lankasse “on the brink of life”, reflecting Tolkien’s ongoing vacillation between √KOY and √KUY as the root for life.
Conceptual Development: ᴱQ. koivie was “awakening” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/48) as reflected in the name ᴱQ. Koivie-néni “Waters of Awakening” from this period (QL/48), but the word was glossed “liveliness” in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon (GL/29). The noun for “life, being alive” was ᴹQ. kuile in The Etymologies of the 1930s under the root ᴹ√KUY “come to life, awake” (Ety/KUY), but was usually coivie in Tolkien’s writings from the 1950s and 60s, as noted above.
Neo-Quenya: I prefer √KOY as the root for “life” for purposes of Neo-Eldarin, so I’d use coivie as the noun “life, liveliness”, and use cuivië for “awakening” as seen in the later form of the name Q. Cuiviénen “Water of Awakening” (S/48).
References ✧ NM/84, 119; PE17/68; VT42/8; VT49/42
|koivierya||3rd-sg-poss||“*his/her life”||✧ VT49/42|
|-vë||“abstract noun, adverb”||✧ PE17/68|
Reference ✧ Ety/KUY ✧ “life, being alive”
|ᴹ√KUY > kuile||[kuile]||✧ Ety/KUY|
References ✧ GL/29; LT1A/Koivië-néni; QL/48
|koiva||“awake; lively, living”||✧ LT1A/Koivië-néni; QL/48|
|-ie||“abstract noun”||✧ QL/48 (#-ie)|