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Q. cendelë n. “face” (Category: Face)

Q. cendelë, n. “face, *visage” (Category: Face)
ᴱQ. alma “face”
ᴺQ. !nimba “facing, confronting”
ᴺQ. !nimba- “to face, go forward”
ᴱQ. yéma “face”

A word for “face” in the Ambidexters Sentence of the late 1960s (VT49/8). Patrick Wynne suggested it is likely an abstract noun formation from the verb cenda- “watch, observe”, and hence similar in origin to English/French “visage” which likewise originated from a Latin verb meaning “to see” (VT49/21). Earlier “face” words ᴱQ. alma and ᴱQ. yéma have similar derivations, as pointed out by Patrick Wynne.

Reference ✧ VT49/21 ✧ kendele “face”



cenda- “to watch (intensively), observe (for some time); to read”
-lë “abstract noun, adverb”

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Q. #canwa² n. “face” (Category: Face)

A word appearing as kanwarya in one of the drafts of the Ambidexters Sentence, apparently a 3rd-sg possessive form meaning “*his face” (VT49/6, 21). Patrick Wynne suggested it might be derived from √KAT “shape” as in katmā > kanwa, patterned after Latin “faciēs” which also originally meant “shape”. It seems the n in this word was revised, but what the change was intended to be is unclear. Tolkien eventually revised this word to cendelë, so canwa was probably abandoned.

References ✧ VT49/21



kanwarya 3rd-sg-poss “*his face” ✧ VT49/21

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