Q. nan(do) n. “(wide) valley, vale”
The Quenya word for “vale” or “valley”, cognate of S. nan(d) and derivative of the root ᴹ√NAD (Ety/NAD). In one place, Tolkien indicated this word was used more specifically for wide valleys (PE17/80). This doesn’t seem to be the case with all of its attested examples (e.g. Noirinan, Ondoluncanan), but a narrow valley might be better described with a word like cirya² or (ᴹQ.) cirissë “cleft” or (ᴹQ.) yáwe “ravine”.
This word appears as nan(d) in numerous compounds (Let/308, UT/253, RC/384). The independent form of this word is more difficult to determine. It variously appeared as nanda (Ety/NAD, PE17/80), nando (PE17/28, 80) and nandë within the compound Laurenandë (UT/253). This entry uses nando because it looks more noun-like than nanda while avoiding conflict with (ᴹQ.) nande (ñande) “harp”, but any of these forms could be correct.
Conceptual Development: @@@
References ✧ Let/308; PE17/28, 80; RC/384; UT/166, 253
ᴹQ. nanda n. “water-mead, watered plain”
Reference ✧ Ety/NAD ✧ “water-mead, watered plain”
|ᴹ√NAD > nanda||[nanda]||✧ Ety/NAD|
ᴱQ. nan (nand-) n. “woodland, *land”
References ✧ LT1A/Nandini; QL/64
|ᴱ√NAŘA > nan||[nanð] > [nand] > [nan]||✧ QL/64|