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Q. nixë n. “frost; ice-flake or snow-flake” (Category: Ice, Frost)

Q. nixë, n. “frost; ⚠️ice-flake or snow-flake” (Category: Ice, Frost)

A noun in the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60 glossed “frost” (WJ/417). It also appeared in some etymological notes from around 1959 as a variant of niquis “ice-flake or snowflake” under the root √NIK(W) (PE17/168).

Conceptual Development: The word for “frost” was ᴹQ. helor in the Declension of Nouns of the early 1930s and ᴹQ. helle in The Etymologies of the mid-to-late 1930s, both based on the short root ᴹ√KHEL “freeze” (Ety/KHEL). In The Etymologies Tolkien deleted this short root and its derivatives, retaining only longer ᴹ√KHELEK, and in later writings Tolkien seems to have decided “frost” was based on √NIK(W) instead.

Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Quenya, I’d limit nixë to “frost” and use niquis for “snowflake” to help differentiate the two words.

References ✧ PE17/168; WJ/417

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

NIK > nixe [nikse] ✧ PE17/168

ᴹQ. helle² n. “frost” (Category: Ice, Frost)

See Q. nixë for discussion.

Reference ✧ Ety/KHEL ✧ helle “frost”

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√KHEL > helle [kʰelle] > [xelle] > [helle] ✧ Ety/KHEL

ᴹQ. helor n. “frost” (Category: Ice, Frost)

See Q. nixë for discussion.

References ✧ PE21/33

Glosses

Derivations