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ᴺQ. [ᴹQ.] ^hlívë n. “sickness, *disease” (Category: Sick; Sickness)

ᴺQ. [ᴹQ.] ^hlívë, n. “sickness, *disease” (Category: Sick; Sickness)
See ᴹQ. líve for discussion.

ᴹQ. líve n. “sickness” (Category: Sick; Sickness)

A noun appearing as ᴹQ. líve “sickness” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from primitive ᴹ✶slīwē under the root ᴹ√SLIW “sickly” (Ety/SLIW). The ancient initial sl became voiceless hl, which was then voiced to l as was generally the case in The Etymologies. The root had a deleted variant ᴹ√LIW “be sickly, ill”, where líve appeared with the gloss “disease” (EtyAC/LIW).

Neo-Quenya: In Tolkien’s later writing, he usually retained hl- in spelling if not pronunciation; see the entry on how initial voiceless nasals and liquids were voiced for discussion. As such, most Neo-Quenya writers adapt this word as ᴺQ. hlívë. Given the gloss “disease” for its deleted form, I would further assume hlívë specifically refers to sickness by disease.

Conceptual Development: The Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s had the word ᴱQ. leume “sickness” under the similar but earlier root ᴱ√LEẆE (QL/53).

References ✧ Ety/SLIW; EtyAC/LIW





Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶slīwē > líve [slīwē] > [l̥īwē] > [līwē] > [līwe] > [līve] ✧ Ety/SLIW

ᴱQ. leume n. “sickness” (Category: Sick; Sickness)

See ᴹQ. líve for discussion.

Reference ✧ QL/53 ✧ “sickness”


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√LEẆE > leume [lewɣʷē] > [leɣʷme] > [lewme] > [leume] ✧ QL/53