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Q. ú- pref. “no, not, un-, in-; hard, difficult, bad, uneasy; hardly, with difficulty, ‘badly’”

Q. ú-, pref. “no, not, un-, in-; hard, difficult, bad, uneasy; hardly, with difficulty, ‘badly’”

References ✧ PE17/62-63, 143-144, 150; PE22/152, 156, 160, 167; UT/211; VT39/14; VT42/33; VT44/4; VT49/15, 18

Glosses

Variations

Related

Elements

ú “without, destitute of” ✧ PE17/143; VT39/14

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

UG > ú [ugu-] > [uɣu-] > [ū-] ✧ PE22/160
û > ú [ū-] ✧ VT42/33

ᴹQ. ú- pref. “not, un-, in-”

References ✧ Ety/GŪ, UGU; EtyAC/A, ƷŪ, UGU; LR/72

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶gū̆- > ū- [gū-] > [ɣū-] > [ū-] ✧ Ety/GŪ
ᴹ✶ugu/gū > ú- [gū-] > [ɣū-] > [ū-] ✧ Ety/UGU
ᴹ√ƷŪ > hū̆- [ɣū-] > [hū-] ✧ EtyAC/ƷŪ

ᴱQ. ú- pref. “un-”

References ✧ LT1A/Vána; QL/98

Glosses

Variations

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√UVU > u- [ūβ-] > [ū-] ✧ QL/98
ᴱ√UVU > ūv- [ūβ-] > [ūv-] ✧ QL/98