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Q. #cuima n. “creature, animal” (Category: Animal)

⚠️Q. #cuima, n. “creature, animal” (Category: Animal)
Q. #celva “animal, living thing that moves”

A word for “animal” in Late Notes on Verbs (LVS) from 1969, appearing only in its plural form kuimar (PE22/155). It is clearly based on the root √KUY “live”, also appearing in the same document (PE22/156), hence probably meaning “*living thing”.

Conceptual Development: Perhaps the first precursor of this word was ᴱQ. koite (koisi-) “living thing, being, animal” from the early root ᴱ√KOẎO “have life” (QL/48). A similar form kuivar appeared for “animals” in some notes the Death of Animals and Plants from 1957-8, but there Tolkien said “cuy = awake not live” (NM/274 note #6), and replaced this term with Q. kelvar, which is the word for “animal” Christopher Tolkien used in the published version of The Silmarillion (S/45). By 1969 Tolkien decided √KUY did mean “live”, and (re)introduced a derivative of that root for “animal” (see above).

Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I prefer for √KUY to mean only “awake” and keep √KOY for “live”; see those entries for discussion. As such, I recommend against using cuima for “animal”, especially since Q. celva is a much better known term, being a word used in The Silmarillion as published.

References ✧ PE22/153, 155

Inflections

kuimar plural “creatures” ✧ PE22/153
kuimar plural   ✧ PE22/155

Element In

Derivations


Q. #cuiva n. “animal” (Category: Animal)

See Q. #cuima for discussion.

References ✧ NM/274

Changes

Inflections

cuivar plural “animals” ✧ NM/274

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

cuy > cuivar [kuiwar] > [kuiβar] > [kuivar] ✧ NM/274

ᴱQ. koite (koisi-) n. “living thing, being, animal” (Category: Animal)

See Q. #cuima for discussion.

References ✧ LT1A/Koivië-néni; QL/48

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

koisin accusative; n-accusative ✧ QL/48

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KOẎO > koite [koðʲti] > [koðʲte] > [kojte] > [koite] ✧ QL/48