Q. toa n. “wood (as material)” (Category: Wood, Timber)
A word for “wood” mentioned in passing in notes on the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60 (VT39/6), also appearing in a list of “large & small” roots from around 1968 with the gloss “wood as material” and derived from the root √TAW “wood” (PE17/115).
Conceptual Development: In The Etymologies of the 1930s Tolkien instead had ᴹQ. tavar “wood (material)” derived from primitive ᴹ✶tawar of the same meaning, from the extended root ᴹ√TÁWAR “wood, forest” (Ety/TÁWAR). In this earlier conception, the awa became ava rather than reducing to oa because the initial a was stressed. Stress alone was probably not enough to preserve ancient áwa in Tolkien’s later conception of the language’s phonetic development.
References ✧ PE17/115; VT39/6
|√TAW > töa||[tawa] > [toa]||✧ PE17/115|
Reference ✧ Ety/TÁWAR ✧ “wood (material)”
|ᴹ✶tawar > tavar||[tawar] > [taβar] > [tavar]||✧ Ety/TÁWAR|
A word glossed “wood” in the margins of Tolkien’s notes on The Creatures of the Earth from the 1910s, clearly an elaboration ᴱQ. alda “tree” as suggested by Patrick Wynne and Christopher Gilson (PE14/7).
Reference ✧ PE14/7 ✧ “wood”