Q. asëa aranion [þ] n. “kingsfoil, asëa of the Kings” (Category: Medicine, Drug)
The Quenya name of S. athelas “kingsfoil” (LotR/864), a combination of asëa and aranion, the genitive plural of aran “king”, hence = “asëa of the kings” (PE17/49, 100). The exact meaning of asea itself isn’t entirely clear. Tolkien sometimes implied asea was another name of athelas (PE17/148; PE22/166), but the translation “asëa of the kings” seems to imply it was a more general term (?healing herb) and that “kingfoil” was more specifically asëa aranion. For purposes of Neo-Quenya, I prefer to use asea for healing herbs of any kind, and use asëa aranion for the species “kingsfoil”.
References ✧ LotR/864; LotRI/Asëa aranion; PE17/49, 100
|asëa||“healing herb, athelas”||✧ LotR/864; PE17/49; PE17/100|
|aran||“king”||genitive plural||✧ LotR/864 (aranion); PE17/49 (aranion); PE17/100 (aranion)|